Squaxin Island Tribe

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Squaxin Island Tribe
Indian Reservation
South view of the Squaxin Island Administration Building in fron of the Reflecting Pond.
South view of the Squaxin Island Administration Building in fron of the Reflecting Pond.
Flag of Squaxin Island Tribe
Nickname(s): People of the Water
Squaxin Island Tribe is located in USA
Squaxin Island Tribe
Squaxin Island Tribe
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 47°12′N 122°55′W / 47.200°N 122.917°W / 47.200; -122.917Coordinates: 47°12′N 122°55′W / 47.200°N 122.917°W / 47.200; -122.917
Country United States
State Washington
County Mason
Negotiated December 26, 1854
 • Type Tribal Council
 • Chairman David Lopeman
 • Vice Chairman Arnold Cooper
 • Secretary Pete Kruger
 • Treasurer Andy Whitener
 • Council Whitney Jones
Jim Peters
Vince Henry
Elevation 207 ft (63.0936 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total 936
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98584
Area code(s) 360
Website squaxinisland.org

The Squaxin Island Tribe (also Squaxin, Squaxon) is a Native American tribal government in western Washington state in the United States. The Squaxin Island Tribe is made up of several Lushootseed clans: the Noo-Seh-Chatl, Steh-Chass, Squi-Aitl, T'Peeksin, Sa-Heh-Wa-Mish, Squawksin, and S'Hotle-Ma-Mish. They live along several inlets of southern Puget Sound.

The Squaxin Island people speak the Lushootseed language. They moved onto their reservation in modern-day Mason County, Washington, in 1855. The Squaxin Island Tribe was one of the first Native American tribes in the U.S. to enter into the Self Governance Demonstration Project with the federal government.

Squaxin Island Indian Reservation[edit]

The Squaxin Island Indian Reservation is in southeastern Mason County, Washington. Most of the main reservation is composed of Squaxin Island, but there is also a small part of 26.13 acres (105,700 m2) at Kamilche, in addition to two parcels of off-reservation trust land near Kamilche, as well as a plot of 6.03 acres (24,400 m2) across Pickering Passage from Squaxin Island and a plot of 35.93 acres (145,400 m2) on Harstine Island, across Peale Passage. The total land area including off-reservation trust lands is 6.942 km² (2.68 sq mi, or 1,715.46 acres). Of the total resident population of 405 persons (2000 census), 383 lived in off-reservation trust land to the southeast of Kamilche, and 22 lived on Harstine Island, while the bulk of the reservation's territory, Squaxin Island, was unpopulated.

Paddle to Squaxin Island 2012[edit]

The Tribal Journeys began in 1989, intending to coincide with the centennial celebration for Washington State. A total of 9 canoes participated in the "Paddle to Seattle" journey, and in 1993, 23 canoes participated in the "Paddle to Bella Bella". Since 1993, "Tribal Journeys" or "The Paddle" has been held annually, with various tribes serving as the host tribe. A total of 102 canoes landed for the "Paddle to Squaxin Island" journey.

Conoes arriving in Olympia during the paddle to Squaxin 2012 event.

An estimated 40,000 people attended or visited the "Paddle to Squaxin Island" journey. Protocol and Dining were held in an old baseball field. The quiet community was loud for a whole week. Months before the event, major construction was done. Many parking lots were made, a campground was built and a Reflecting Pond was put in the Tribal Government Campus.

Tribes from around the country and world attended the event, such as New Zealand, Canada, Alaska, etc.[citation needed]

Little Creek Casino Resort[edit]

Little Creek Casino Resort is owned and operated by the Squaxin Island Tribe. LCCR is a Northwest Native American themed Resort.


The Squaxin Police Department, or "Squaxin P.D." is a small tribal police enforcement that usually only stays on the reservation and Little Creek Casino Resort. From the 1970s to 2005, the Squaxin Police Station, Triball Center, Gym, Research Center and Education Center used to share the same building in what is currently the Wellness Center (Gym and Pool). The "Squaxin Drug Task Force" is also enforced by Squaxin P.D.



External links[edit]