|SpongeBob SquarePants character|
|First appearance||"Help Wanted" (1999)|
|Created by||Stephen Hillenburg|
|Voiced by||Rodger Bumpass|
|Occupation||Cashier at the Krusty Krab|
Squidward Tentacles is a fictional character in the Nickelodeon animated television series SpongeBob SquarePants. He is voiced by Rodger Bumpass and first appeared in "Help Wanted" on May 1, 1999. Squidward was created and designed by Stephen Hillenburg. Squidward is a cephalopod, but his species is an octopus according to the series' creators, despite his name containing the word squid. The series' animators made Squidward with six tentacles, believing that giving him the eight tentacles of an octopus has made him look too burdened.
Role in SpongeBob SquarePants 
Squidward is portrayed as being careless, ill-tempered, pretentious, cynical, and grouchy, residing in an Easter island head situated in between SpongeBob SquarePants's pineapple house and Patrick Star's rock, to his misfortune. He intensely despises his neighbors for their perpetual laughter and constant boisterous, noisy behavior and play, though the pair are oblivious to Squidward's animosity for them and see him as a friend. Squidward also lives in a neverending state of self-pity and misery, aggravated and unhappy with the lifestyle he currently leads, and yearns for celebrity status and a far more glamorous and distinguished career as a celebrated musician or painter, with a passion for art and playing the clarinet. However, he is left to endure through the lowly status as a fast-food cashier at the Krusty Krab restaurant, a position which he deeply resents, irritated by both his cheap and greedy employer Mr. Krabs and having SpongeBob as a co-worker. Squidward hungers for peace and quiet, but his wishes remain unsatisfied. However, it has been shown on several occasions that Squidward may subconsciously house fondness for Patrick and SpongeBob, most notably in situations where their lives were believed to have been jeopardized, or when he has snatched an opportunity to move away, only to be agitated upon their recovery or their return.
Squidward also possesses discerning tastes and a love for the refined and posh, and wishes for people to see him as such. He has been shown to have a subscription to a magazine devoted to detailing the lifestyles of the distinguished and successful, and enjoys spending his free time viewing television programs centering around dignified subjects or decoration. Particularly in the earlier seasons, he enjoys dressing fashionably and formally on occasion in a top hat and tuxedo.
The basis for SpongeBob SquarePants was envisioned by Stephen Hillenburg in 1984 while teaching and studying marine biology at the Ocean Institute in Dana Point, California, where he wrote the comic strip The Intertidal Zone, which starred various anthropomorphic forms of sea life, many of which would evolve into SpongeBob SquarePants characters. He later studied experimental animation at the California Institute of Arts, graduating with an MFA in 1992. At CalArts, he made his thesis film Wormholes (1992), which led to his hiring as a director, writer, producer, storyboard artist, and executive producer of the series Rocko's Modern Life by creator Joe Murray. He started to develop the series in 1996 following Rocko's Modern Life's, and pitched the series to Nickelodeon in 1998 and was later green-lit for a first season.
Although the character is named Squidward, his middle name Quincy there is dispute over whether he is an octopus or a squid due to conflicting statements between the show creator and Nickelodeon's official website. Creator Stephen Hillenburg named him as such since the name Octoward failed to "sound catchy", and animated him with six tentacles as opposed to eight since he found the latter made the character's animation "look bulky". The name, Squidward, is derived from the English name, Edward.
The voice of Squidward is played by Rodger Bumpass. Squidward is known for his distinctive, repetitive laugh. Sometimes, particularly in the earlier seasons, Squidward's nose would inflate and deflate when he was laughing. Arthur Brown, author of Everything I Need to Know, I Learned from Cartoons!, has compared Squidward's voice to that of Jack Benny's.
- Writers: Kent Osborne, Paul Tibbitt (July 12, 2002). "My Pretty Seahorse". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 3. Episode 42b.
- Writers: Aaron Springer, Erik Wiese, Merriwether Williams (April 1, 2000). "Fools in April". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 1. Episode 19a.
- Writers: Casey Alexander, Zeus Cervas, Richard Pursel (October 21, 2012). "Chum Fricassee". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 8. Episode 176b.
- Writers: Luke Brookshier, Nate Cash, Eric Shaw (November 23, 2007). "Stanley S. SquarePants". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 5. Episode 100b.
- Writers: Paul Tibbitt, Kent Osborne (March 5, 2004). "Ugh". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 3. Episode 54.
- Writers: Zeus Cervas, Erik Wiese, Tim Hill (February 20, 2006). "Dunces and Dragons". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 4. Episode 66.
- Writers: Luke Brookshier, Tom King, Steven Banks, Richard Pursel (April 11, 2008). "Pest of the West". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 5. Episode 96.
- Writers: Luke Brookshier, Nate Cash, Mr. Lawrence (July 8, 2010). "That Sinking Feeling". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 7. Episode 144a.
- Writers: Aaron Springer, Sean Charmatz, Richard Pursel (June 19, 2010). "Enchanted Tiki Dreams". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 7. Episode 145b.
- Writers: Aaron Springer, Derek Iversen (November 27, 2009). "Greasy Buffoons". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 7. Episode 130a.
- Writers: Aaron Springer, Erik Wiese, Mr. Lawrence (December 31, 1999). "SB-129". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 1. Episode 14a.
- Writers: Aaron Springer, Dani Michaeli (June 6, 2008). "House Fancy". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 6. Episode 101a.
- Writers: Paul Tibbitt, Kaz, Kent Osborne, Merriwether Williams (June 1, 2002). "Chocolate with Nuts". SpongeBob SquarePants. Season 3. Episode 52a.
- Banks, pp. 8–9
- Banks, p. 9
- Hillenburg, Stephen (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- "Nickelodeon Taps Patrick Creadon and Christine O'Malley to Produce First-Ever SpongeBob SquarePants Documentary". Press Release (Viacom). January 19, 2009. Retrieved February 1, 2009.
- Murray, Joe (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Neuwirth, p. 50
- Coleman, Eric (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Hecht, Albie (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Hillenburg, Stephen. (2003-03-01). The Case of the "SpongeBob", in The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- (2003-11-28). Introduction. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season — Disc 1 (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Brown, Arthur (2008). Everything I Need to Know, I Learned from Cartoons!. Arthur Brown. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-4357-3248-3.
- Banks, Steven (September 24, 2004). SpongeBob Exposed! The Insider's Guide to SpongeBob SquarePants. Gregg Schigiel (Illustrator). New York City, New York: Simon Spotlight/Nickelodeon. ISBN 978-0-689-86870-2.
- Neuwirth, Allan (2003). Makin' Toons: Inside the Most Popular Animated TV Shows and Movies. Allworth Communications, Inc. pp. 50, 252–253. ISBN 1-58115-269-8.
- Squidward Tentacles at the Internet Movie Database
- Squidward Tentacles on Facebook
- Squidward Tentacles on Twitter