|— Comune —|
|Città di Squillace|
|Frazioni||Fiasco Baldaia, Squillace Lido|
|• Mayor||Guido Rhodio|
|• Total||33 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||344 m (1,129 ft)|
|Population (May 31, 2005)|
|• Density||42/km2 ( 110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Agathius Martyr|
|Saint day||May 7|
Squillace is situated on the east coast of Calabria, on the shores of an extensive bay, the Gulf of Squillace (Italian: Golfo di Squillace), which indents the coast of Calabria on the east as deeply as that of the Gulf of Saint Eufemia (Italian: Golfo di Sant'Eufemia) does on the west, with comparatively narrow isthmus between them.
Squillace is known today as one of Italy's most important archaeological sites as well as a popular resort.
The Roman statesman and writer Cassiodorus founded a monastery called Vivarium on his family estates on the shores of the Ionian Sea in the 6th century AD. This monastery was on the site of the modern Santa Maria de Vetere near Squillace.
After the brief Arab rule the city fell under Norman hegemony. Its strategic military role, already recognised by the Greeks, was also recognized by the Normans who in 1044 build a castle and transformed the settlement into a county
During the Kingdom of Sicily, with the lordship of Roger of Lauria, Squillace passed first to Robert of Anjou and to the counts of Monfort, then for one hundred and fifty years the city was ruled by the counts of Marzano.
Gioffre Borgia (1482-1516), son of Pope Alexander VI and younger brother of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia, married Sancia (Sancha) of Aragon, daughter of Alfonso II of Naples. Gioffre thereby obtained both the Principality of Squillace (1494) and the Duchy of Alvito (1497) as his wife's dowry.
Although Gioffre was deprived of Alvito after the death of Sancia in 1506, he managed to retain Squillace. He subsequently married Maria de Mila, and passed it on to their son Francesco Borgia.
The Borgia Princes were: Gioffre, Francesco, Giovanni, Pietro and finally Anna e Donna Antonia Borgia D’Aragona on whose death, in 1735, it passed to the Bourbon Kings of the Two Sicilies. Living either in Naples or in Spain. the Borgias ruled their fief through governors.
Under the Bourbons Squillace was downgraded to Marquisate and granted in 1755 to the Marquis Leopoldo De Gregorio, a noble from Messina who was to be the last feudal Lord of Squillace.
Production of highly prized terra cotta has been an important part the local economy for centuries; Cassiodorus' writings make several mentions of it. Squillace is the home of the pignatari style of ceramic artistry. The name is derived from the Italian word pignata, an earthenware container used for cooking beans over an open fire.
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