Squire Cheyney Farm

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Squire Cheyney Farm
Squire Cheyney Farm.JPG
Squire Cheyney Farmhouse, February 2011
Squire Cheyney Farm is located in Pennsylvania
Squire Cheyney Farm
Location 1255 Cheyney Thornton Rd., Thornbury Township, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°59′17″N 75°31′22″W / 39.98806°N 75.52278°W / 39.98806; -75.52278Coordinates: 39°59′17″N 75°31′22″W / 39.98806°N 75.52278°W / 39.98806; -75.52278
Area 44 acres (18 ha)
Built 1797, c. 1804, c. 1815, c. 1830, c. 1850
Architectural style Other, 3 cell plan, PA barn
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 09001214[1]
Added to NRHP January 11, 2010

Squire Cheyney Farm is a historic farm and national historic district located in Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. The district encompasses two contributing buildings, three contributing sites, one contributing structure, and contributing object. They are the farmhouse, barn (c. 1804, c. 1820, c. 1875, 1881, and c. 1910), ruins of a granary, remains of an ice house, a spring house (1799), stone retaining wall, and family cemetery (established c. 1803). The house was built in four periods, with the oldest dated to about 1797. The oldest section is a 2 1/s-story, three bay, stuccoed stone structure with a gable roof. The additions were built about 1815, about 1830, and about 1850, making it a seven bay wide dwelling. It is "L"-shaped and has a slate gable roof. During the American Revolution, Thomas "Squire" Cheyney [II] informed General George Washington during the Battle of Brandywine that the British were flanking him to the north. He was later appointed to the Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention to ratify the United States Constitution.[2] The site is now a township park known as Squire Cheyney Farm Park.[3]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). ARCH: Pennsylvania's Historic Architecture & Archaeology. Retrieved 2012-11-02.  Note: This includes Jane E. Dorchester (June 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Squire Cheyney Farm" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  3. ^ Squire Cheyney Farm Park in Chester County, PA

The Squire Thomas Cheyney Farm is not a national historic district, however, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The English Lake District Barn fieldstone core building with rare interior granary and shutters was built circa 1799-1803 by Squire Thomas Cheyney and his son William Farmer Cheyney. The house is composed of a core house and two additions. The two-and-a-half story three bay fieldstone core house, with late 19th century pebble dash stucco on the east gable end wall only, was built by Squire Cheyney circa 1756-1757 not 1797. The two-and-a-half story, two bay fieldstone addition was built by Squire Cheyney circa 1758-1760 not 1815. The fieldstone springhouse was built circa 1756-57 not 1799. Later an interior springhouse was constructed in the basement of the 1760 addition.