Sreemangal Upazila

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Sreemangal
শ্রীমঙ্গল
Location of Sreemangal  শ্রীমঙ্গল
Division Sylhet Division
District Maulvibazar District
Area
 • Total 450.74 km2 (174.03 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 230,889
 • Density 512/km2 (1,330/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 3210-14

Srimangal (Bengali: শ্রীমঙ্গল Shrimongol) is an Upazila of Maulvibazar District in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Geography[edit]

Railway Station of Sreemongal Upazila

Sreemangal is located at 24°18′30″N 91°44′00″E / 24.3083°N 91.7333°E / 24.3083; 91.7333. It has 43,952 units of house hold and total area 450.74 km².

Sreemangal Upazila (moulvibazar district) with an area 450.74 km2, is bounded by moulvibazar sadar upazila on the north, Tripura State (India) on the south, kamalganj upazila on the east, chunarughat and bahubal upazilas on the west. Bilash (Gopla) river and Hail haor are notable.

Sreemangal (Town) consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. It has a population of 21596; male 53.33%, female 46.67%. Literacy rate among the town people is 61.6%

History[edit]

Administration Sreemangal thana, now an upazila, was established in 1912. The upazila consists of one municipality(paurashava), 12 union parishads, 124 mouzas and 206 villages.

Archaeological heritage Nirmmai Shib Bari (1454 AD), Tamrashasan of Raja Marundanath (11th century, discovered in village Kalapur) and statue of Ananta Naraiyan (discovered during excavation in village Lamua); both the Tamrashasan and the atatue of Ananta Narayan are now preserved in the Calcutta Museum.

Historical events Once Sreemangal was a part of the Tripura State. The great earthquake of 1897 caused a massive change in the physiography of the area.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site: BDR Camp and the WAPDA office premisses; mass grave: 2 (North Varaura and South Varaura); memorial 1 (North Varaura).

Religion[edit]

Sreemangal has a Muslim majority. Religious institutions: Mosques 164, temples 38, church 1.

Population[edit]

Population: 230.889; male 51.76%, female 48.24%. Muslim 52.77%, Hindu 44.87%, Christian 2.21%, Buddhist 0.07% and others 0.08%. Ethnic nationals: Garo, Santal, Khasis, Monipuri and Tipra (1556 families).

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.8%; male 36.3%, female 22.7%. Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 3, government school 1, non-government high school 13, government primary school 66, primary school (private) 61, madrasa 7, technical training centre 1. Notable institutions: Dobarhat Government Primary School (1882), Dashrath Bahupakkhik High School (1896), Victoria High School (1924), Chandranath Primary School (1934), The Buds Residential Model School & College (1978),Asid Ullah High School(1936) Bujpure.

Regional Overview[edit]

Newspapers and periodicals: Daily Khola Chithi, Weekly Sreemangaler Shithi, Sreevumi and Pubali Barta.

Cultural organisations: Clubs 34, Public Library 1, Cinema halls 4, Theaters 30, Theater Groups 6.

Main occupations of people: Agriculture 21.13%, Industry 6.56%, forestry, livestock and fishing 3.84%, agricultural labourer 10.23%, wage labourer 15.29%, commerce 11.18%, service 13.29%, transport 1.83%, construction 1.13%, transport 1.83%, others 15.52%.

Land use: Arable land 23114.12 hectares, fallow land 269.12 hectares, uncultivable land 16166.73 hectares; tila and forests 2490.08 hectares; single crop 45.96%, double crop 51.54% and treble crop 2.50%.

Land distribution among the peasants: 14.70% are landless, 54.68% small, 19.92% intermediate, and 10.70% rich; cultivable land per head 0.10 hectare.

Value of land: Market value of first grade arable land is about Tk. 2500 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops: Tea, paddy, betel leaf, rubber, potato, vegetables.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops: Til (sesame), kaun (Italian millet).

Main fruits: Pineapple, Jackfruit and lemon.

Fishery, dairy and poultry: Fisheries 10, dairies 14, poultry farms 30, hatcheries 2.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca (pavement) 143 km, semi pucca (semi pavement) road 11 km and kacha (earthen) road 405 km; railway station 1.[1]

Traditional transports: Bullock cart, horse carriage, country boat.

Manufactories: Tea processing factory 15, flour mill 4, cold storage 2, ice factory 3, engineering workshop 14, galvanised steel mills 1, rubber processing plant 2, timber treatment plant 1, boiler rice mill 2.

Cottage industries: Weaving 50, bamboo work 6, goldsmith 87, blacksmith 11, potteries 10.

Natural resources: Natural gas.

Haats, bazars and fairs: Haats and bazars are 23, mela (fair) 3, most noted of which are Mirzapur, Satgaon, Sindurkhan, Vairab Bazar, Sreemangal, Nirmmai Shiva Bari Shiva Chaturdashi Mela, Kal Bhairabi Mela at village Gandarvapur, Charak Mela at Vimsi,Satgaon Rustom pure Tomal Tola.

Main exports: Tea, pineapple, lemon, betel leaf.

Active NGOs: National- Brac, Caritas, MUCH; Local- POSBID, Atikram, Sreemangal Foundation.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, 50-bed hospital 1, family planning centre 5, health and family centre 1, satellite clinic 2. [Gopal Dev Chowdhury]

Travel information[edit]

If you want to go to Sreemangal from Dhaka, you may follow the instructions given below. First you go to Kamlapur, Fakirapul and Saydabad of Dhaka city & buy a bus ticket from Dhaka to Sreemangal (Please remember, buses are available very early in the morning. You can find many buses from Dhaka to Sreemangal). You can also go to Sreemangal by stopping over in Sylhet. When you reach Srimangal, you will be dropped at Dhaka bus stand. You can rent a rickshaw for going to Choumohona. Actually Choumohona is the center of Sreemangal town. There you will find several hotel like Hill town Rest House (Vanuganj Road), United, Tea town, Rain Forest Rest House (Habiganj Road) etc. el .Tea Resort is also available. To avail tea resort booking is mandatory. Its cost around 5000 BDT for 3 room banglow. Normal hotel is not bad for living 2 or 3 days. You will find there AC & Non-AC rooms at a cheap rate [120tk (Non-AC) to 800tk (AC)]. I was at that hotel for 7 days and their services made me satisfied. After that you can go to Nilkantha Tea stall at Ramnagar or Near BDR camp. For reaching that place please rent a rickswa from Choumohona to Kalighat (rent 10tk-20tk. Lawachhara, Madhabpur lake are nearest tourist spots near Sreemangal.

One of the most Known Madrasah of Sreemangal is the Jamea Islamia Boys and Girls madrasah. It is located in Shindurkhan Road. There are also a combined school & madrasah known as Ikra Banglades. . Rail Station:Srimangal,Satgaon.

Administrative[edit]

Sreemangal has 9 Unions/Wards, 129 Mauzas/Mahallas, and 206 villages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LGED MOULVIBAZAR , Road Database". Retrieved 2 August 2013. 

http://www.banglapedia.org/httpdocs/HT/S_0520.HTM http://www.sreemongal.com/Important%20Places%20of%20Sreemongal.pdf http://www.sreemongal.com

By Mostahidur Rahman Shaer