Sri Lanka Matha

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Sri Lanka Matha
English: Mother Sri Lanka
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
National Flag of Sri Lanka

National anthem of  Sri Lanka
Lyrics Ananda Samarakoon, 1940
Music Ananda Samarakoon, 1940
Adopted 1951

Sri Lanka Matha is the national anthem of Sri Lanka. Original song was written and tuned by the greatest Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore.[1] Later it was translated and composed by the Ananda Samarakoon in 1940, and was later adopted as the national anthem in 1951.[2][3][4] It was written when Sri Lanka was still a British colony and was initially written as a tribute to Sri Lanka, expressing sentiments of freedom, unity and independence, and not for the purpose of serving as a national anthem. The song however became very popular throughout the 1940s and 3 years after Sri Lanka's independence, it was chosen to be the national anthem. The first independence day it was sung was in 1952.[5]

== was officially adopted as the national anthem of Ceylon on November 22, 1951, by a committee headed by Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne. The anthem was translated into the Tamil language by M. Nallathamby.[6]

The first line of the anthem originally read: Namo Namo Matha, Apa Sri Lanka. There was some controversy over these words in the 1950s, and in 1961 they were changed to their present form, Sri Lanka Matha, Apa Sri Lanka, without Samarakoon's consent.[6]

The Second Republican Constitution of 1978 gave Sri Lanka Matha constitutional recognition.[7]

Multilingual[edit]

The Sri Lankan national anthem is one of a number that are sung in more than one language: Canada (English, French & Inuktitut), Belgium (French, Dutch & German), Switzerland (German, French, Italian & Romansh), South Africa (Xhosa, Zulu, Sesotho, Afrikaans & English), Suriname (Dutch and Sranan Tongo), and New Zealand (English & Māori). The majority of Sri Lankans (more than 80%) speak the Sinhala language and the Sinhala version is mainly used in Sri Lanka for public and private events. This version is the only version used during international sports and other events. Due to popularity of the song and it's rich meaning, it's being translated into several other languages. Although the Sinhala version of the anthem is used at official/state events, the Tamil translation is also sung at some events.[6] The Tamil translation is used at official events held in the Tamil speaking regions in the North and East of Sri Lanka.[6] The Tamil translation is sung at Tamil medium schools throughout the country.[6] The Tamil translation was used even during the period when Sinhala was the only official language of the country (1956–87).[6]

Tamil version controversy[edit]

On 12 December 2010 The Sunday Times reported that the Cabinet of Sri Lanka headed by President Mahinda Rajapaksa had taken the decision to scrap the Tamil translation of Sri Lanka Matha at official and state functions, as "in no other country was the national anthem used in more than one language" - even though the national anthems of Canada, South Africa and those of several other countries have more than one language version.[8] The Cabinet's decision had followed a paper on the national flag and national anthem produced by Public Administration and Home Affairs Minister W. D. J. Senewiratne.[6][9] The paper had drawn on the Singaporean model where the national anthem is sung in the official lyrics and not any translation of the lyrics.[6] Based on this the paper recommended that the Sri Lankan national anthem only be sung in Sinhala and the Tamil translation be abolished.[6] The paper's authors had failed to realise that the official lyrics of the Singaporean national anthem are in Malay, a minority language (75% of Singaporeans are Chinese).[10]

A Government minister Wimal Weerawansa had labelled the Tamil version a "joke" on Derana TV, and had cited India as an analogy.[11][12][13] Some journalists (E.g. DBS Jeyaraja) [6] claimed that it was wrong of Weerawansa to cite India as an analogy because according to them the Indian national anthem was not in Hindi, which is the most widely spoken language of India, but in Bengali, a minority language.[14][15][16][17] Indeed, although sources based on an official Government of India website state that the Indian National anthem was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly of India,[18][19] the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly of India on 24 January 1950 does not mention that the National Anthem was "adopted", nor does it mention that it was done so in its Hindi version.[20][21] In any case, in actual practice the unaltered Bengali version is the version sung as the National Anthem, with its words in original Bengali Tatsama, a highly Sanskritized form of Bengali that has Sanskrit words common to both Hindi and Bengali.[22]

The alleged Cabinet's decision to scrap the Tamil translation caused much furore in Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan government denied allegations that the Tamil translation of the anthem was to be abolished.[23] The Presidential Secretariat has stated that there was no basis to the media report and follow up reports which intimated the same.[24]

Tune of Sri Lankan Anthem[edit]

The Sri Lankan anthem's tune is similar to a Hindu devotional song Jai Jagdish Hare. However, there isn't much knowledge on whether the tune was inspired from the song. Ananda Samarakoon was Rabindranath Tagore's student and the tune is influenced by Tagore's genre of music.[5]

Sri Lanka Matha (Mother Sri Lanka)[edit]

Transliteration of Sinhala Sinhala Lyrics of the Anthem IPA Transcription of the Sinhala text
Sri Lanka Matha,
apa Sri Lanka, Namo Namo Namo Namo Matha
Sundara siri barini, Surendi athi Sobamana Lanka
Dhanya dhanaya neka mal palathuru piri, Jaya bhoomiya ramya.
Apa hata sapa siri setha sadana, jeewanaye Matha!
Piliganu mena apa bhakthi puja namo namo matha
Apa Sri Lanka,
Namo Namo Namo Namo Matha
Obawe apa widya,
Obamaya apa sathya
Obawe apa shakti,
Apa hada thula bhakthi
Oba apa aloke,
Aapage anuprane
Oba apa jeewana we,
Apa mukthiya obawe
Nawa jeewana demine
Nnithina apa Pubudu karan matha
Gnana weerya wadawamina ragena yanu
mena jaya bhoomi kara
Eka mawekuge daru kala bawina
yamu yamu wee nopama
Prema wada sama bheda durara da
Namo Namo Matha
Apa Sri Lanka, Namo Namo Namo Namo Matha
ශ්‍රී ලංකා මාතා
අප ශ්‍රී....... ලංකා නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා
සුන්‍දර සිරිබරිනී සුරැඳි අති සෝබමාන ලංකා
ධාන්‍ය ධනය නෙක මල් පලතුරු පිරි ජය භුමිය රම්‍යා
අප හට සැප සිරි සෙත සදනා ජීවනයේ මාතා
පිළිගනු මැන අප භක්‍තී පූජා
නමෝ නමෝ මාතා
අප ශ්‍රී ...... ලංකා නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා
ඔබ වේ අප විද්‍යා
ඔබ මය අප සත්‍යා
ඔබ වේ අප ශක්‍ති
අප හද තුළ භක්‍තී
ඔබ අප ආලෝකේ
අපගේ අනුප්‍රාණේ
ඔබ අප ජීවන වේ
අප මුක්‍තිය ඔබ වේ
නව ජීවන දෙමිනේ නිතින අප පුබුදු කරන් මාතා
ඥාන වීර්‍ය වඩවමින රැගෙන යනු මැන ජය භූමී කරා
එක මවකගෙ දරු කැල බැවිනා
යමු යමු වී නොපමා
ප්‍රේම වඩා සැම හේද දුරැර දා නමෝ නමෝ මාතා
අප ශ්‍රී........ ලංකා නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා
ʃriː laŋkaː maːtaː, apa ʃriː laŋkaː,
namoː, namoː, namoː, namoː maːtaː!
sundara siri barini,
surændi ati soːbamaːna laŋkaː.
daːnja ɖanaja neka,
mal palaturu piri, dʒaja bʱumija ramjaː.
apa ɦaʈa sæpa siri seta sadanaː,
dʒiːwanajeː maːtaː!
piɭiɡanu mæna apa bʱaktiː pudʒaː,
namoː, namoː maːtaː, apa ʃriː laŋkaː,
namoː, namoː, namoː, namoː maːtaː!
oba weː apa vidjaː, oba maja apa satjaː,
oba weː apa ʃaktiː, apa ɦada tula bʱaktiː.
oba apa aːloːkeː, apaɡeː anupraːneː,
oba apa dʒiːwana weː, apa muktija oba weː.
nawa dʒiːwana demineː,
nitina apa pubudu karan, maːtaː.
ɲaːna wiːrja waɖawamiːna ræɡena,
janu mæna dʒaja bʱumi karaː.
eka mawakaɡe daru kæla bæwinaː,
jamu jamu wiː nopamaː.
prema waɖaː sæma bʱeːda duræra laː,
namoː, namoː maːtaː, apa ʃriː laŋkaː,
namoː, namoː, namoː, namoː maːtaː!
English translation Tamil translation
Thou Mother Lanka, oh Mother Lanka we salute, salute, salute, salute Thee!
Plenteous in prosperity, Thou,
Beauteous in grace and love,
Laden with grain and luscious fruit,
And fragrant flowers of radiant hue,
Giver of life and all good things,
Our land of joy and victory,
Receive our grateful praise sublime, we worship, worship Thee.
Oh Mother Lanka! We salute, salute, salute, salute Thee!
Thou gavest us Knowledge and Truth,
Thou art our strength and inward faith,
Our light divine and sentient being,
Breath of life and liberation.
Grant us, bondage free, inspiration.
Inspire us for ever.
Oh Mother Lanka! We salute, salute, salute, salute Thee!
In wisdom and strength renewed,
Ill-will, hatred, strife all ended,
In love enfolded, a mighty nation
Marching onward, all as one,
Lead us, Mother, to fullest freedom, we worship, worship Thee.
Oh Mother Lanka! We salute, salute, salute, salute Thee!
ஸ்ரீ லங்கா தாயே - நம் ஸ்ரீ லங்கா
நமோ நமோ நமோ நமோ தாயே
நல்லெழில் பொலி சீரணி
நலங்கள் யாவும் நிறை வான்மணி லங்கா
ஞாலம் புகழ் வள வயல் நதி மலை மலர்
நறுஞ்சோலை கொள் லங்கா
நமதுறு புகலிடம் என ஒளிர்வாய்
நமதுதி ஏல் தாயே
நமதலை நினதடி மேல் வைத்தோமே
நமதுயிரே தாயே - நம் ஸ்ரீ லங்கா
நமோ நமோ நமோ நமோ தாயே
நமதாரருள் ஆனாய்
நவை தவிர் உணர்வானாய்
நமதோர் வலியானாய்
நவில் சுதந்திரம் ஆனாய்
நமதிளமையை நாட்டே
நகு மடி தனையோட்டே
அமைவுறும் அறிவுடனே
அடல்செறி துணிவருளே - நம் ஸ்ரீ லங்கா
நமோ நமோ நமோ நமோ தாயே
நமதோர் ஒளி வளமே
நறிய மலர் என நிலவும் தாயே
யாமெல்லாம் ஒரு கருணை அனைபயந்த
எழில்கொள் சேய்கள் எனவே
இயலுறு பிளவுகள் தமை அறவே
இழிவென நீக்கிடுவோம்
ஈழ சிரோமணி வாழ்வுறு பூமணி
நமோ நமோ தாயே - நம் ஸ்ரீ லங்கா
நமோ நமோ நமோ நமோ தாயே

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Celebrating Rabindranath Tagore's legacy". 
  2. ^ Prabhu, R. K. (1967). Songs of freedom: An anthology of national and international songs from various countries of the world. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. page 138
  3. ^ Bandaranayake, Senake (1996). Ivan Peries paintings, 1938-88. Colombo: Tamarind Publications. ISBN 9559458000.  page 155
  4. ^ "Man of the series: Nobel laureate Tagore - The Times of India". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  5. ^ a b "National Anthem: From "Namo Namo" to "Sri Lanka Matha" « dbsjeyaraj.com". Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j D. B. S. Jeyaraj. "The language controversy over Sri Lankan National Anthem". dbsjeyaraj.com. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA - Section 7 The National Anthem". LawNet, Government of Sri Lanka. 
  8. ^ "National Anthem only in Sinhala; Tamil version out". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 12 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Philips, Rajan (1 January 2011). "The Trilingual Master Plan and Monolingual National Anthem Muddle". The Island, Sri Lanka. 
  10. ^ "National Anthem in Sinhala and Tamil". The Island, Sri Lanka. 16 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "No scrapping Tamil version of national anthem: Sri Lanka". Zee News. 13 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "Sri Lanka denies move to ban national anthem in Tamil". adaderana.lk. 14 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "S.Lanka denies move to ban national anthem in Tamil". Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 13 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "National Anthem and National Identity". The Island, Sri Lanka. 17 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "Lanka scraps Tamil version of national anthem". Zee News. 12 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Sri Lanka's national anthem now only in Sinhala; Tamil version out". Deccan Herald. 12 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Sri Lanka scraps Tamil version of its national anthem". NDTV. 13 December 2010. 
  18. ^ Chandra, Anjana. India condensed : 5000 years of history & culture. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, 2007. page 120
  19. ^ http://india.gov.in/myindia/myindia.php
  20. ^ http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/debates/vol12p1.htm
  21. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/ncert-needs-to-get-its-lesson-right-on-anthem/6644/0
  22. ^ http://rezwanul.blogspot.com/2007/08/national-anthem-of-india-is-in-bengali.html
  23. ^ "Sri Lanka minister denies Tamil national anthem ban". BBC News. 13 December 2010. 
  24. ^ Reddy, B. Muralidhar (13 December 2010). "Colombo denies reports on Tamil National Anthem". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 

External links[edit]