Sri Lankan cuisine
Sri Lankan cuisine has influences from colonial powers, foreign traders and the Kerala region of India. Key ingredients are rice, coconut and especially spices, reflecting the island's history as a spice producer and trading post over several centuries.
Hoppers (appa) are a range of dishes based on a fermented batter, usually of rice flour and coconut milk with spices, that is pan fried or steamed. The fermenting agent is palm toddy or yeast. Hopper variants can be either savoury, such as egg hoppers, milk hoppers, string hoppers, or sweet such as vandu appa and pani appa. Savoury hoppers are often accompanied by lunu miris, a mix of red onions and spices.
String hoppers (idiyappa) are made from hot-water dough of rice meal or wheat flour. This is pressed out in circlets from a string mould onto little wicker mats, then steamed.
Lamprais is rice boiled in stock with a curry, accompanied by "frikkadels" (frikadeller meatballs), all of which is then wrapped in a banana leaf and baked in an oven. It is a Dutch-influenced Sri Lankan dish.
Gothamba ma Roti is a simple Sri Lankan flat-bread usually made from wheat flour. A variant is Thengappu (Pol in Sinhalese) Roti, in which shredded coconut is mixed into the dough. Uraippu Roti (Spicy Roti) is another variant, in which chopped onions and green chillies are used when making the dough.
Kevum oil cake is made with rice flour and treacle and deep-fried to a golden brown. Moong Kevum is a variant where mung bean flour is made into a paste and shaped like diamonds before frying. Other types of Kevum are Athiraha, Konda Kevum, Athirasa & Handi Kevum. Many sweets are served with kiribath milk rice during the Sinhala and Tamil New Year.
- Undu Walalu/Undu wal or Pani walalu - is a sweet from the Mathale area, prepared using urad bean flour & kithul treacle.
- Aluwa - diamond-shaped rice-flour pastries
- Aggala - rice balls flavoured with treacle
- Kalu Dodol - A solid toffee-like confection made by lengthy reduction of coconut milk thickened with rice flour and sweetened with jaggery.
- Weli Thalapa - Made from flour & treacle.
- Watalappam - a steamed pudding made with coconut milk, eggs, and jaggery has become a staple Sri Lankan dessert. It was introduced by the Malay immigrants.
- Bibikkan - A rich, cake-like sweet made from grated coconut, coconut treacle & flour. It is a speciality of coastal areas.
- Kokis - A savoury crispy biscuit-like dish made from flour
- Thala Guli - Made from gingerly and jiggery with scape coconut.
- Pushnambu - A rich, cake-like sweet made from coconut treacle & flour adding cinnamon / cardamom and sweet cumin. It is a speciality of Christians.
- Aasmi - made with rice flower with wild cinnamon leaves juice frying in deep oil finally topping treacle on that.
- Kiri Toffee - made with milkmaid or pure cow milk sugar thickened. Adding cardamom / sweet cumin for and cashew for more taste
"Short eats" refers to a variety of snacks that are bought and eaten by the dozen from short eat shops and restaurants. These are eaten on the go mainly for breakfast or during the evening tea time. Short eats include pastries, Chinese rolls and patties. A popular short eat among Tamils is the Mutton Roll, which is tender pieces of mutton with potato and seasoned with spices. This can be very hot and is served all over the world, where the Sri Lankan Tamil population is vast.
Other short eats:
- Vade- Parippu Vade, Ulundu Vade, Isso(Prawn) vade
- Chinese Rolls or Egg Rolls, which often contain minced meats, potatoes, and vegetables.
- Patties & Pastries recipe- Filled with veges/meat or Fish
Vegetable/fish Roti-a flatbread with a filling rolled into a triangular shape & baked.
Short eats are served at parties or to guests when they visit a home. Fast food such as hot dogs and hamburgers has arrived in Sri Lanka, with the globalisation of McDonald's, KFC and Pizza Hut Fast-Food Chains, but these are not usually considered to be short eats. Hot dogs and hamburgers have also been modified to fit local tastes.
Beverages commonly served in Sri Lanka include
- Faluda - a mixture of syrup, ice cream, jelly pieces and basil seeds, served cold
- Fruit juices - especially passionfruit juice
- Toddy- a mildly alcoholic drink made from palm tree sap
- Arrack - a distilled spirit made from coconut
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