Sri Lankan parliamentary election, 2001

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
12th Sri Lankan parliamentary election
Sri Lanka
2000 ←
5 December 2001 → 2004

All 225 seats to the Parliament of Sri Lanka
113 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 76.03%
  First party Second party
  Ranil At UNP Office.jpg Chandrika Kumaratunga.jpg
Leader Ranil Wickremasinghe Chandrika Kumaratunga
Party United National Front People's Alliance
Leader's seat Colombo District n/a
Seats won 109 77
Popular vote 4,086,026 3,330,815
Percentage 45.62% 37.19%

Sri Lankan Parliamentary Election 2001.png

Winners of polling divisions. UNF in green and PA in blue.

Prime Minister before election

Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
People's Alliance

Prime Minister-designate

Ranil Wickremasinghe
United National Front

Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

Parliamentary elections were held in Sri Lanka on December 6, 2001, just a little over a year after the last elections in October 2000.

Background[edit]

The People's Alliance (PA) government faced a blow when most of the SLMC MPs left the coalition. President Chandrika Kumaratunga tried to recruit the JVP to replace it, but this angered several PA MPs, thirteen of which defected to the opposition. A no-confidence motion was prepared; to forestall this, Kumaratunga called the election.

More than 1,300 incidents of election violence were reported during the campaign. [1]. Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake was nearly killed by a suicide bomber. Overall, 60 people were killed in election-related violence, including 14 on polling day. [2]

Parties[edit]

Results[edit]

Kumaratunga's People's Alliance lost the resulting general election, which saw the United National Front win the legislative power. The UNP's leader, Ranil Wickremasinghe, became the new prime minister.

Having a President and Prime Minister from different parties proved to be unstable, and Parliament was dissolved again in 2004, leading to yet another general election.

Summary[edit]

e • d Summary of the 2001 Sri Lankan parliamentary election
Alliances and parties Votes % Seats
District National Total
  United National Front1 4,086,026 45.62 96 13 109
  People's Alliance 3,330,815 37.19 66 11 77
  Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna 815,353 9.10 13 3 16
  Tamil National Alliance3 348,164 3.89 14 1 15
  Sri Lanka Muslim Congress2 105,346 1.18 4 1 5
  Eelam People's Democratic Party 72,783 0.81 2 0 2
  Democratic People's Liberation Front 16,669 0.19 1 0 1
  Sinhala Heritage 50,665 0.57 0 0 0
  New Left Front 45,901 0.51 0 0 0
  Independent lists 41,752 0.47 0 0 0
Others 42,395 0.47 0 0 0
Valid Votes 8,955,869 100.00 196 29 225
Rejected Votes 493,944
Total Polled 9,449,813
Registered Electors 12,428,762
Turnout 76.03%
Source: Department of Elections, Sri Lanka
1. UNF contested under the name and symbol of United National Party.
2. SLMC contested separately in three districts (Ampara, Batticaloa and Jaffna) and with the UNF in all other districts.
3. TNA contested under the name and symbol of Tamil United Liberation Front.

Province[edit]

Results of the 2001 Sri Lankan general election by province

Electoral District[edit]

Results of the 2001 Sri Lankan general election by electoral district

Elected members[edit]

Further information: 12th Sri Lankan Parliament

References[edit]