|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Sri City is a Planned Integrated Business City (Township) located 55 km North of Chennai on NH 5 along the border of Andhra Pradesh (AP) and Tamil Nadu (TN) States of India. Much of Sri City area is in Chittoor District and a smaller area along the NH5 is in Nellore District of AP, adjacent to Tiruvallur District of Tamil Nadu.
The Satish Dhawan Space Centre (aka SHAR), India’s Satellite/Rocket launching centre is located at Sriharikota, on the eastern side of the Pulicat Lake which separates Sri City and the Satellite launching station.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Location
- 3 History
- 4 Languages
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 SEZ
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Geography & Climate
- 10 Places of interest
- 10.1 Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
- 10.2 Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple
- 10.3 Sri Padmavathi Ammavari, Thiruchanoor (Alamelumangai)
- 10.4 Srikalahasti temple
- 10.5 Narayanavanam
- 10.6 Parshwanatha Jain Temple, Chandragiri
- 10.7 Hare Rama Hare Krishna Mandir, Tirupati
- 10.8 Kanipakam Vinayak Temple, Kanipakam
- 10.9 Oneness Temple
- 11 Recreation
- 12 External links
- 13 References
The Name Sri City is inspired by the title Sri Telugu:శ్రీ, derived from Sanskrit. Sri is the sacred sound of cosmic auspiciousness and abundance in Hindu religion. Written as Sri or Shree or Sree or Shri, it stands for abundance, auspiciousness, affluence, grace, wealth, light, luster, splendor, beauty, loveliness and authority. The symbol has been used since Vedic times. Holiness is attached to the word when written or spoken. It is also added before a name to show respect.
Sri is mentioned largely in all renowned temple towns in the region,Srirangam Srikalahasti, Sriperumbudur and Sriharikota. The world-famous temple city of Tirumala - Tirupati the abode of Lord Sri Venkateshwara (aka Srinivasa, Balaji) is also located near to Sri City.
Sri City is situated between North Latitudes of 13°29’50” & 13°34’40” and East Longitudes of 79°57’30” & 80°02’50”, at an average elevation of about 20 metres above MSL (66 ft) covering parts of Chittoor district and Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. It is alongside NH 5 which forms part of the Golden Quadrilateral.
The District has hundreds of monuments, memorial rocks and memorials. The Historical Memorials date back to over 1000 years.
The history of the district, which was carved out in 1905 from then Cuddapah, Nellore and North Arcot districts, has been shaped by the ups and downs of several Dravidian kingdoms. It was a British military post until 1884. Back to 1000 years when the region was dominated by Vijayanagara Empire and is linked with the Aravidu dynasty.
Being the border town, both Telugu and Tamil are spoken. Telugu is official language of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil is the official language in Tamil Nadu. Most of the educated populace speak English and are bi or tri-lingual.
Sri City forms part of Satyavedu and Varadaiahpalem mandals of Chittoor District. It is part of the Satyavedu constituency and Tirupati MP constituency. The population of the constituency is estimated over 90536, with a literacy rate of 78.98, well over national rate of Literacy in India which stand at 61%. SOURCE: Demographics of India, 2001 Census
Moving with times, Sri City is on its way to becoming a hub for large and medium scale industries, such as Engineering, Electronics, Automotive, Aerospace, Apparel, Renewable Energy, Biotech/Pharma, Sporting Equipment & Toys, Logistics and Warehousing, IT/ITES/BPO, Education & Training Institutes, other Eco-Friendly Industries.
Social Infrastructure Organizations
- Sankara Nethralaya (India)
- Chennai Business School – CBS (India)
- Institute of Financial Management and Research – IFMR (India)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sri City 
- Chinmaya Vidyalaya School (India) 
The Industrial Zone includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) for Export Oriented Industry and Domestic Tariff Zone (DTZ) for Domestic Industry. It is a business destination for global companies to establish Manufacturing, Services and Trading operations in India.
The SEZ is administered by Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) & Industrial Area Local Authority (IALA). The Government appointed officer controls the planning and building approval processes. A Commissioner appointed by the Government of India, Ministry of Commerce, administers the (SEZ) area.
Chennai International Airport is the third largest international gateway into the country and the third busiest airport in India after Mumbai and Delhi. It is the main air hub for south India, currently handling over 10 million passengers and serving more than 50 different airlines. It is also the second most important cargo terminus for the country, after Mumbai. The international cargo-handling facilities at Chennai have a turnaround time of 24 hours.
Sri City is in between two Railway Stations, Tada on the North and Arambakkam on the South. Express Trains connecting Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkota, and Delhi stop at Sullurpeta which is 12 km (7.5 mi) away from Sricity. Mumbai bound trains stop at Renigunta. Nearly 30 suburban trains operate between Sullurpeta and Chennai every day passing via Sri City (Tada & Arambakkam).
Chennai Port on the Coromandal Coast. 65 km (40 mi) from Sri City. Strategically located and well connected with major parts of the world, it is today a major Indian Port. It has direct services to Singapore, China, Europe and US.
Geography & Climate
Sri City is about (70 km2) in Size, though all the area within does not belong to Sri City IALA. The area includes the neighboring villages, water bodies and state forest lands. The terrain slopes gradually from an elevation of about 30 meters above MSL at the South West corner to about 7 meters towards the North East corner of Sri City. A Creek (Karipeti Kalava) flows through Sri City passing through a number of Lakes on the way before joining Pulicat Lake North of Tada. There is a state forest on the western boundary. Telugu Ganga project carrying Krishna River water to Chennai City passes along the western boundary of Sri City.
- mid May to mid August – Southwest monsoon
- mid August to mid October – Transition / calm period
- mid October to mid January – Northeast monsoon
- mid January to mid May – Transition / calm period
The soils of the area can be broadly classified as
- Latosolic developed on the coastal Laterite
- Yellow Podzolic soils formed on the sandy sheet of alluvium and
- The transition located at the contact of Laterite and Alluvium is Podozolic – Latosolic soil.
Latosols: Soils formed due to lateralization are called as ‘Latosols’ or ‘Latosolic soils’. This will have local accumulation of ‘iron’ and ‘alumina’ pockets. In fact, it is the iron rich pockets that contribute to the building material. This becomes hard and compact on exposure to drying. A thin regolith forms on the laterite. Latosols with the characteristic red color are seen on the laterite in the area under study. This covers nearly 30% of the area.
Yellow Pedozolic (Podsol) soils: These are developed on the sandy parent material, as noticed on the eastern part of the area under report. As the name indicates, the color of the soil is yellowish. This occupies nearly 40% of the area.
Pedozolic – Latsolic soils: This is the transition between the Latosols and Pedozolic soil. It is mostly observed in the vicinity of the contact between the laterite and the alluvium. This accounts to 30% coverage.
Trees – Red Sanders Wood (Pterocarpus santalinus) is the specialty of this area. Red sanders wood is the heartwood of Pterocarpus santalinus, Linne filius (N.O. Leguminosoe), a small tree indigenous to Southern India and the Philippine Islands. During the Middle Ages it was classed as a spice and used for culinary purposes, and at one time it was supposed to possess medicinal properties. It’s also called Raktachandan. The literal meaning of Raktachandan is blood colored sandalwood. This kind of wood has a special and unique rust red color and it is used to carve out a number of products. The red sandalwood is also used for carving panels, framework and traditional dolls.
Mesophytic type of flora like Syzygium cumini (Neredu), Pongamia ghaira (Kanuga) & large trees of Terminalia arjuna (Erramaddi and Tellamaddi) are found. Large trees of mango, Phoenix sylvestris (lta) & different types of grass along water courses are also seen.
A number of species among birds exist in this district. Among the birds, the Large Grey Babbler (Turdoides malcolmi), the Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor), the king crows, mynas and crows, bee-eaters, hoopoes, swifts, vultures, eagles, kites, owls, sand grouse, quails, partridges, green pigeons, pigeons and peacock are also found in the district. The commonly found herbivora present in the district include Sambar (deer) (Rusa unicolor), Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapse), Chital (Axis Axis), wild sheep - (Civis cycloceros), mouse deer (Memina indica), hare (Lapium finidus) and rabbit.
Places of interest
The district boasts few of the finest ancient/modern temples of the country.
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
Tirumala Temple of Lord Sri Venkateshwara (Balaji). The abode of the 'Kaliyuga' deity Lord Venkateswara popularly known as Balaji, Tirupati has for centuries remained a destination divine and this feeling grows on one as one goes round the various temples and spots of natural beauty surrounding this major town. In fact, the government has proposed to give special status to the town on the lines of the Vatican City. Lying at the southern tip of the Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh, the district has a number of perennial water falls and vast forest cover.
Nestled among high Eastern Ghats, Tirumala can be reached only after covering the range of hills. The presiding deity Lord Venkateswara is also referred to as Lord of the Seven Hills. Patronized by Pallavas, Pandyas, Cholas, Vijayanagar kings and later by the king of Mysore, the temple finds a mention in the Sastras and Puranas. The main temple is a magnificent example of the fine Indian temple architecture. Both the Vimana over the sanctum sanctorum and the Dhwajasthambam (temple flag-post) are plated with gold.
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami temple is at Srinivasa Mangapuram situated 12 km (7.5 mi) to the west of Tirupati. According to legend, Lord Venkateswara stayed here after his marriage with Sri Padmavathi Devi, before proceeding to Tirumala. Annual Brahmotsavam and Sakshatkara Vaibhavam are celebrated in grand manner.
Sri Padmavathi Ammavari, Thiruchanoor (Alamelumangai)
The Temple of Sri Padmavathi Ammavari is located at Thiruchanoor is also called Alamelumangapuram after the local deity. Thiruchanoor is a 5 km (3.1 mi) drive from Tirupati.
Alamelumangamma is actually the incarnation of Lord Mahalakshmi. Alamelumangamma came the river banks of River Swarnamukhi when Lord Mahavishnu, in the avatar of Sri Venkateswara showed his reverence towards the sage Bhrigu Maharshi who kicked Vishnu with his leg. Alamelumangamma stayed in the Paatala lokam for 12 years and came out in the 13th year in a Golden Lotus.
The other temples in the temple compound are: Sri Krishnaswamy Temple, Sri Sundara Rajaswamivari Temple and Sri Suryanarayana Swamivari Temple.
Srikalahasti temple in South India, occupies a place of eminence among the holy Siva kshetras. The temple is called Dakshina Kailasam and is located on the banks of the river Swarnamukhi. The architecture of Srikalahasti Temple is extraordinary; it has three massive Gopurams which are breathtaking. Another striking feature of the temple is its huge Mantapam with hundred pillars.
The deities worshiped in Srikalahasti Temple are Srikalahastiswara and his spouse Gnanaprasunambika. The Chola rulers constructed the main temple. In the 11th century A.D., the Chola king Kuluthungal built the Caligopuram. While in the 12th century AD Veeranarashimha Yadavaraya contributed to the construction of the temple by constructing the compound wall or Prakara and the four Gopurams. In 1516 A. D., the great Vijayanagar King Krishnadevaraya built the hige 100 pillared Mandapa. The inscriptions on the temple inform that it was built by the great Pallava kings and followed by the Tondaman Chakravarthi (Pandyam Kings).
Narayanavanam is one of the holy villages in Andhra Pradesh. There is a famous temple of god of Kaliyuga, Venkateswara Swamy. Narayanavanam is the place where lord Venkateswara swamy married goddess Padmavati. The proof is also available in the temple. There are some more famous temples in Narayanavanam like Sorakaya Swami temple, Parasareswara swamy temple, Renuka parameswari temple, Aghastheswarswamy temple, Avanakshamma temple, Lord Narasimha swamy in singiri perumal kona and more. Narayanavanam is a temple town.
Parshwanatha Jain Temple, Chandragiri
The ancient Parshwanatha Jain Temple is related with the Bhagwan Parshwanatha(11 C AD). The Idol of the Bhagwan in the Padmasana posture is about 4 feet (1.2 m) high. Another idol of Bhagwan Parshwanatha dating to 12 C AD in the Kayotsarga posture flanked with Daranendra Yaksha and Padmavathi Yakshi is seen at this place.
Hare Rama Hare Krishna Mandir, Tirupati
The Hare Rama Hare Krishna temple is one of the modern temples in the Temple town of Tirupati. The temple is the best place in the town to learn about regions and get spiritual understanding about India with a special focus on Shri Krishna. Recital and discussions on Bhagavad-Gita tells us how one should live as according to Lord Krishna. Poojas and Bhajans are regularly held at the temple.
Kanipakam Vinayak Temple, Kanipakam
Many visitors to this temple say that this 11th-century temple is truly a classical Hindu temple as well as a tourist location that any tourist visiting this part of the country cannot miss visiting. The Kanipakam Vinayak Temple has the swayam-bhu idol of Lord Vinayaka (Ganesh).
As a small town it is steeped in history and culture. The town is located at a distance of 55 km (34 mi) from the Chennai metropolis. Accessible via a number of means of transportation, it is a well-known travel destination among domestic and foreign tourists. Sri City is a perfect one day getway from Chennai surrounded with the best of both the beautiful sand and sea and a trekkers delight with Scenic Mountains and Waterfalls. The archaeological treasures unearthed from the town and its adjoining areas occupy the pride of place at different museums. The Chandragiri Fort is known for its architectural marvels including the Srikalahasti Temple, the Kanipakam Temple and so on. The ancient temples dedicated to Lakshminarayan and Mukkantisvara are also located at Kalavagunta village.
Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish – water lake or lagoon in India. It straddles the border of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh states on the Coromandal Coast in South India. The lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary.
Satish Dhawan Space Center, SHAR
The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal. The island is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. India's spaceport - Satish Dhawan Space Center, SHAR, Sriharikota High Altitude Range, which is 27 km (17 mi) from Sri City. It is called SHAR (Sriharikota range) by the local people. There is also a forest inside Sriharikota which is known for its scenic beauty. The Sriharikota rocket launch station is also located in the Sriharikota forest.
At a distance of is another major attraction close to Sri City. Nelapattu Bird sanctuary is one of the largest pelican resting places with more than 1,500 pelicans visiting annually. The sanctuary is also a breeding ground for rare and endangered species like grey pelicans, little cormorants, open bill storks and spoon bills. The sanctuary is located near Nelapattu village in between Sullurpeta and Naidupeta and is maintained by the Wild Life Division of the Forest Department.
The main destination is the twin bird sanctuaries - Pulicat and Nelapattu, where one can sight flamingos, grey pelicans, open billed storks, painted storks, white ibis, coots, black winged stilts, cormorants, egrets, herons, garganey teals, pin-tailed ducks, dabchicks and Indian moorhen. While pelicans, painted and open-billed storks, egrets and herons breed here, other birds are only winter visitors.
The Chengalamma Temple is at a distance of 12 km from Sri City. Goddess Chengalamma Parameswari manifested herself in the village of Sullurpeta on the Kolkata-Chennai highway and the temple for her was built on the bank of the Kanlangi river. History tells us that it was established during the fourth and fifth centuries. People also refer to her as the village goddess “Tenkali”. With the passage of time, she is being worshipped regularly by devotees as Chengalamma. Devotees turn up in large number to witness “Chengalamma Jatara” (fair).
The Village goddess who was called Tankali gained reputation as Sullurpeta Chengalamma Thalli and her idol in the temple faces the sea. Devotees from different parts of the State visit the place and fulfil their vows, referring the goddess as the mother who grants boons liberally. The naturally-formed image of the goddess adorning the hanging roots (vooda) of the banyan tree is really an awe-inspiring spectacle.
(Tada Falls or Ubbalamadugu Falls) is a very beautiful waterfall. Its a relatively little known tourist destination and locally called as Ubbalamadugu Falls, hillocks and greenery. Ideal place for hiking, trekking and picnics. Chennai Trekking Club and Sri City Outdoors & Adventure Club organizes weekend trips to the Locales around Sri City.
Nagalapuram is a pristine beauty which offers lovely one day treks from Chennai via Sri City with beautiful view of the waterfalls. Thrown in with some steep climbs for experienced trekkers along with easy climbs routes for starters, natural wilderness and 20-foot water slides; make a perfect blend for an ultimate experience. Chennai Trekking club (CTC) is a club in Chennai which organizes weekend treks to these hills. 
The Chandragiri Fort, the erstwhile capital of the Vijayanagar Empire, is also a historical site near the town. The Rangini Mahal, the palace of the Sultan, is also one of the tourist attractions among visitors. The town can also serve as a center for touring all adjoining areas like Chandragiri, Gurramkonda historical site, Ardhagiri and so on. All places of interest are well connected via road.
The town of Madanapalle is at a short distance. This town houses the Horsley Hill Station, a favorite hill resort among tourists. Horsley Hills is at an altitude of 1266 meters. An English Civil officer called Horsily made this place his summer resort in 1870. The guest houses built by him are still here. There is a 7 km (4.3 mi) ghat road.
A trip to this hill station is sure to be a pleasant experience for all. Vacationers can also explore the Yelampalli forest or arrange for a picnic near the waterfalls at Kailashnath Kona. The district offers an emerald landscape with fields of grains and mango trees, peanut plantations and sugarcane fields. The town is also in close proximity to the wildlife sanctuaries of South India, so it is also a favorite spot among nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts
Sanitarium is at a distance of 13 km (8.1 mi) from Madanapalli. It is at a height of 7–10 meters from sea level. It is a health resort. The TB Sanitarium is one of the biggest of such centers in the State.
Rishi Valley is 6 km (3.7 mi) away from Madanapalli. Established in 1950 the valley is adjacent to Rishikonda and a residential school is established here. It is recognized by the Government of India.
It is on the River of Kusaphali banks. Once upon a time kusa or Darbha was plenty here. So the river got the name Kusaphali.
In the 55 km (34 mi) radius around Sri City, there are approximately 71 clinics and 26 hospitals with 214 bed facilities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sricity.|
-  City Website
-  Sri City E-Brochure
-  Sricity PLtd Company Website
-  SEZ INDIA - List of SEZs in India
-  Export Promotion Council for EOUs & SEZ Units, Min of Commerce and Industry-Source-Government of India
-  Chittoor Online, Official Website of Chitoor District - Sri City(SEZ) Ground-breaking Ceremony 08-08-08
-  Work on the SEZ, coming up in Tada, to begin from Aug 9-Source-Business Standard
-  An SEZ that will have the best of TN and AP-Source-The Hindu Business Line
-  Multi-product SEZ at Nellore-Source-The Financial Express
-  Sri City launches SEZ-The Hindu
-  Sri City announces launch of SEZ-Source-The Hindu Business Line
-  Sri City announces South India‘s largest multi-product SEZ-Source-SEZ Times
-  Sri City on YouTube
-  Tirupati MP also pointed out that Sri City was in close proximity to NH5 & 2 International Airports - Chennai and Tirupati.
-  Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) located on the eastern side of the Pulicate Lake separating Sricity and the Satellite Launching Station - Source - Google Maps
-  Places to visit near sriharikota (shar) | About Sriharikota-Source-Website on Sriharikota Range (SHAR)
-  Meaning of Sri / Shri / Shree / Sree
-  Sri City, Andhra Pradesh-Source-Google Maps
-  Cheruvi-Sricity-Temple-visit-Source-Temples Revival-Voluntary organization by Indian youngsters to revive & maintain our past glory- temples!!
-  Complete District History
-  People speaking Tamil are found concentrated in Chittoor district, which adjoins Tamil Nadu - Source - APonline, Government of Andhra Pradesh
-  Sri City launches 500 acres Logistics and Warehousing Park-Source-Financial Express
-  Chennai Business school set up in Sri City- Reference The Hindu
-  IIIT-Sri City Website
-  Multi-product SEZ at Nellore-Source-Financial Express
-  SEZs Assisted by APIIC-Source-Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation
-  Sri City Master-planned by Jurong Consultants, Singapore - Source - Site Selection Magazine Online
-  Sri City SEZ eyes Rs 20,000-cr turnover-Source-The Hindu Business Line
-  Distances from Sri City, Tada
-  Train Arrival Timings Sullurupeta/SPE-Source-indiarailinfo.com
- Special Economic Zones in India: Recent Developments and Future Prospects, Sri City distance from Chennai, Ennore and Krishnapattnam Ports, refer Page 8-Source-Indian Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore 
-  Geobotany of red sanders ( Pterocarpus santalinus ) – a case study from the southeastern portion of Andhra Pradesh by K. K. Raju and A. Nagaraju
- "Srinivasa Mangapuram".
- "Parshvanath Temple built in the 15th Century-Chandragiri".
- "Oneness Temple".
-  Bala Vidya Mandir, Secondary School Staff Picnic at Sri City.
- "Pulicat Lake Tourism".
-  Google Map showing Driving directions from Sricity to Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary
-  Images of Changalamma Temple at Sullurpeta on Nellore District Website-Source Govetment of India
- Save Tada Falls' Mission Sees Massive Clean-Up
-  TADA , April 12 - 2008 organised by Chennai Trekking Club
-  SOAC has been set up to make it convenient for Outdoor & Adventure lovers of Chennai to schedule & coordinate their activities at SriCity.
-  Ladies trek to Nagalapuram, Dec 2010
-  Nagalapuram Hills: Scenic beauty by the ghats - Article in Deccan Chronicle
- "Horsley Hill Station".
- "Rishi Valley School".