|District of Andhra Pradesh|
Location of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
|Administrative division||Srikakulam district|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)|
|• Assembly seats||10|
|• Total||5,837 km2 (2,254 sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||1014|
Srikakulam District, formerly known as Chicacole, is the extreme northeastern district of Andhra Pradesh, situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. The district is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses white a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from the northeast.
Vizianagaram District flanks in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. It is the second least populous district of Andhra Pradesh (out of 13), after Vizianagaram.
Evidence of early historic man and his activities during Stone Age and Iron Age periods have been recently discovered at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta. The speciality of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft thickness. Sailada Hills consists of 36 upright rocks and natural caves used for habitation by Iron Age man in Amudalavalasa mandal of the district.
Jainism and Buddhism
Evidences of Jain monuments and Buddhist remnants were discovered near Sangamayya Konda. Jain rock beds were discovered at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa in the district. Salihundam is a famous Buddhist Remnants site situated on the south bank of River Vamsadhara at a distance of 5 kilometers west of Kalingapatnam and 18 kilometers from Srikakulam town.
Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November, 1969 the district lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May, 1979, the district had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music and theatres.
Srikakulam district occupies an area of 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Australia's Melville Island. Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some of the Mahendragiri Hills also covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthuru, Hiramandalam, Pathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.
Srikakulam is located 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,537,593 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001.
Srikakulam district has the longest coast line about 193 km (120 mi) in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Odisha on the north, Vizianagaram district on the west and south, Bay of Bengal on the east.
Major Rivers flowing through the district are River Nagavali, River Vamsadhara, Mahendratanaya, Champavati, Bahuda, Kumbhikota Gedda, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavati, Gomukhi. The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda. Major irrigation projects on these rivers Vamsadhara Project, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator and some medium projects at Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).
147 According to the 2011 census Srikakulam district has a population of 2,699,471, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 147th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 6.38%. Srikakulam has a sex ratio of 1014 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.3%.
According to 2007–08, International Institute for Population Sciences, 86.9% had access to electricity, 70.4% had drinking water, 18.5% toilet facilities, and 47.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 31.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 90.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
Revenue divisions and mandals
|Srikakulam Division||Tekkali Division||Palakonda Division|
Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies
APSRTC runs bus services to all the major cities and towns of the state from the district. Major railway stations in the district include Amudalavalasa, Srikakulam Road railway station, Palasa, Naupada, Ichchapuram and Sompeta etc. The Nearest Airport is Visakhapatnam which is 100 km away from the city.
The district has many people from various fields like Film industry, music, art and architecture etc. Most notable of them are Vaddadi Papaiah, J.V. Somayajulu, G.Anand (playback singer & music director), Pingali Nagendrarao (script writer and lyricist), Sripada Pinakapani (carnatic musician). Some of the poets and writers include Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty, Pingali Nagendrarao, Kalipatnam Ramarao etc. There are many freedom fighters from the district like Gouthu Latchanna, Killi Appala Naidu (freedom fighter), Jananayak Chowdary Satyanarayana, Garimella Satyanarayana etc.
Kodi Rammurthy Naidu (body builder), Karnam Malleswari (Olympic medalist), Pujari Sailaja in weight lifting are famous people from the district.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2015)|
The district has many religious worship centres like Arasavalli temple of sun god, Srikurmam temple of Vishnu-Kurmavtar, Mukhalingam temple of Shiva, Salihundam, Dantapuri which are Buddhist remnant sites. Apart from these there other tourist destinations like Telineelapuram Bird sanctuary. Many sun kissed beaches like Baruva, Bhavanapadu, Kalingapatnam, Mogadalapadu and Kallepalli.
The only university in the district include Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Srikakulam and medical colleges namely Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in Srikakulam town, GEMS—Great Eastern Medical Speciality and Hospital in Ragolu village.
There are several other colleges for degree, government post graduate and engineering college at Srikakulam town, Narasannapeta, Tekkali, Technovalley, Baruva, Narasannapeta, Ichapuram, Palakonda, Amadalavalasa and Pathapatnam. There are 10 engineering colleges in the district.
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- "Iron Age habitation found in Srikakulam". The Hindu. 16 Oct 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Huge dolmen of Iron Age discovered". 20 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Remnants of Jain monuments found". 21 Aug 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
Melville Island 5,765km2
- Census GIS India
- DistrictProfile.jsp Irrigation profile of Srikakulam district
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
- "Industrial Profile - Srikakulam District". Commissionerate of Industries - Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 4.
- District-wise Assembly Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh
- Dr.B.R.Ambedkar University
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Srikakulam district.|
- Website of Srikakulam District Collectorate
- Srikakulam (district) travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Srikakulam medical information
- Srikakulam District Profile
||Rayagada district, Odisha||Gajapati district, Odisha||Ganjam district, Odisha|
|Vizianagaram district||Bay of Bengal|