Srikakulam district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Srikakulam.
Srikakulam district
శ్రీకాకుళం జిల్లా
District of Andhra Pradesh
Location of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Administrative division Srikakulam district
Headquarters Srikakulam
Tehsils 37[1]
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Assembly seats 10
Area
 • Total 5,837 km2 (2,254 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,703,114[2]
 • Urban 16.16%
Demographics
 • Literacy 62.30%
 • Sex ratio 1014
Major highways NH-5
Coordinates 18°25′N 84°01′E / 18.417°N 84.017°E / 18.417; 84.017Coordinates: 18°25′N 84°01′E / 18.417°N 84.017°E / 18.417; 84.017
Website Official website

Srikakulam District, formerly known as Chicacole, is the extreme northeastern district of Andhra Pradesh, situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. The district is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses white a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from North East. Vizianagaram District flanks in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. It is the third least populous district of Andhra Pradesh (out of 23), after Vizianagaram and Nizamabad.[3]

History[edit]

Megalithic Dolmen of Iron Age period at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa

Prehistory[edit]

Evidence of early historic man and his activities during Stone Age and Iron Age periods have been recently discovered at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta. The speciality of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft thickness. Sailada Hills consists of 36 upright rocks and natural caves used for habitation by Iron Age man in Amudalavalasa mandal of the district.[4][5]

Jainism and Buddhism[edit]

Salihundam Historic Buddhist Remains Site

Evidences of Jain monuments and Buddhist remnants were discovered near Sangamayya Konda. Jain rock beds were discoverd at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa in the district. Salihundam is a famous Buddhist Remnants site situated on the south bank of River Vamsadhara at a distance of 5 kilometers west of Kalingapatnam and 18 kilometers from Srikakulam town.[6]

Mandasa Vasudeva Temple

Post Independence[edit]

Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November, 1969 the district lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May, 1979, the district had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music and theatres.[7]

Geography[edit]

Districts of Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam district mandals map

Srikakulam district occupies an area of 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi),[8] comparatively equivalent to Australia's Melville Island.[9] Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some extent of Mahendragiri hills also covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthuru, Hiramandalam, Pathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.

Srikakulam is located 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,537,593 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001.[10]

Srikakulam district has the longest coast line about 193 km (120 mi) in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Odisha on the north, Vizianagaram district on the west and south, Bay of Bengal on the east.

Major Rivers flowing through the district are River Nagavali, River Vamsadhara, Mahendratanaya, Champavati, Bahuda, Kumbhikota Gedda, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavati, Gomukhi. The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda.[11] Major irrigation projects on these rivers Vamsadhara Project, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator and some medium projects at Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).

Demographics[edit]

147 According to the 2011 census Srikakulam district has a population of 2,699,471,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[12] or the US state of Nevada.[13] This gives it a ranking of 147th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 6.38%.[3] Srikakulam has a sex ratio of 1014 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 62.3%.[3]

The District capital is Srikakulam, a municipality and mandal headquarters of Srikakulam mandal. Srikakulam formly known as Poor Man's ooty.

There are 6 urban units in Srikakulam District. Out of these, 4 are Municipalities and 1 Nagara panchayati and 1 are notified Panchayats. The Population details of these urban units are as follows:y

Municipalities Population

  • Srikakulam 117,320
  • Amadalavalasa 37,931
  • Ichapuram 32,662
  • Palasa-Kasibugga 49,899
  • Rajam 23,424(Nagara Panchayathi)

Towns

  • Sompeta 17,423

Household indicators[edit]

According to 2007–08, International Institute for Population Sciences,[14] 86.9% had access to electricity, 70.4% had drinking water, 18.5% toilet facilities, and 47.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[14] 31.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[15] and 90.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[14]

Administration[edit]

Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies

There are 3 Parliamentary Constituencies and 10 assembly constituencies in Srikakulam district. Parliamentary constituencies include Srikakulam Parliamentary Constituency, Araku Parliamentry constituency, Vizianagaram Parliamentry constituency ,[16]

The 10 Assembly Constituencies are Amadalavalasa, Rajam, Tekkali, Ichapuram, Palasa, Narasannapeta, Palakonda, Pathapatnam, Srikakulam Assembly Constituency and Etcherla.

Revenue divisions and mandals

There are three divisions namely Srikakulam, Palakonda and Tekkali and 38 mandals in the Srikakulam district.[17] The revenue divisions are Srikakulam, Tekkali and Palakonda.

Srikakulam Division Tekkali Division Palakonda Division
1.Veeraghattam 2.Vangara 3.Regidi Amadalavalasa
4.Rajam 5.Ganguvari Sigadam 6.Laveru
7.Ranastalam 8.Etcherla 9.Ponduru
10.Santhakavati 11.Burja 12.Palakonda
13.Seethampeta 14.Bhamini 15.Kothuru(Srikakulam)
16.Hiramandalam 17.Sarubujjili 18.Amadalavalasa
19.Srikakulam 20.Kalingapatnam 21.Polaki
22.Narasannapeta 23.Jalumuru 24.Saravakota
25.Pathapatnam 26.Meliaputti 27.Tekkali
28.Kotabommali 29.Santhabommali 30.Nandigam
31.Vajrapu Kotturu 32.Palasa 33.Mandasa
34.Sompeta 35.Kanchili 36.Kaviti
37.Ichchapuram 38.Lakshminarasupeta

Economy[edit]

Khadi Weaving at Ponduru, Srikakulam district. Khadi from Ponduru is famous among Khadi lovers of the entire country

Major pharmaceutical company namely Dr. Reddy's Laboratories is situated at Pydibhimavaram.

Transport[edit]

Srikakulam Road-Jn. Railway Station

Bus

APSRTC runs many bus services to all the major cities and towns of the state from the district which includes buses to Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Guntur, Rajamundry, Kakinada, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram.

Rail 

Major Railway Stations in the district include Amudalavalasa (Srikakulam Road railway station), Palasa, Naupada, Ichchapuram, Sompeta and tilaru.

Air

The Nearest Airport is Visakhapatnam which is 100 km away from the city.

Notable Persons[edit]

Freedom Fighters

  • 'Jananayak' Chowdary Satyanarayana (Taamra Patra Graheeta)
  • 'Sardar' Gautu Lachanna (Taamra Patra Graheeta)
  • Jatiya Geyakavitha Sarvabhowmudu Garimella Satyanarayana (Priyagraharam)

Poets, Writers

Artists

Athletes

Places of interest[edit]

Religious worships

Arasavilli Suryanarayana Temple in Srikakulam

Beaches

There are many sun kissed beaches an the most famous of them include

Education[edit]

The only university in the district include Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Srikakulam[18] and medical colleges namely Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in Srikakulam town, GEMS—Great Eastern Medical Speciality and Hospital in Ragolu village.

There are several other colleges for degree, government post graduate and engineering college at Srikakulam town, Narasannapeta, Tekkali, Technovalley, Baruva, Narasannapeta, Ichapuram, Palakonda, Amadalavalasa and Pathapatnam. There are 10 engineering colleges in the district.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District - Guntur". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "West Godavari district profile". Andhra Pradesh State Portal. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ "Iron Age habitation found in Srikakulam". The Hindu. 16 Oct 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Huge dolmen of Iron Age discovered". 20 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Remnants of Jain monuments found". 21 Aug 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  9. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Melville Island 5,765km2" 
  10. ^ Census GIS India
  11. ^ DistrictProfile.jsp Irrigation profile of Srikakulam district
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kuwait 2,595,62" 
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nevada 2,700,551" 
  14. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  15. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females." 
  16. ^ District-wise Assembly Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh
  17. ^ Indian Census
  18. ^ Dr.B.R.Ambedkar University

External links[edit]