Sringeri

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Śr̥ṅgēri
ಶೃಂಗೇರಿ
Shringeri
taluk
Vidyashankara temple (1342 AD) at Sringeri
Vidyashankara temple (1342 AD) at Sringeri
Śr̥ṅgēri is located in Karnataka
Śr̥ṅgēri
Śr̥ṅgēri
Coordinates: 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25Coordinates: 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Chikkamagaluru
Government
 • MLA D. N. Jeevaraj
Elevation 672 m (2,205 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,253
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577139
Telephone code 08265
Vehicle registration KA-18

Sringeri, also written as Sringeri, Śr̥ṅgēri and Śr̥ṅgagiri is a hill town and taluk headquarters located in Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka, is the site of the first maṭha (Sringeri Sharada Peeta) established by Adi Shankara, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century CE It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.

Origin of the name[edit]

The name Sringeri is derived from Rishyashringa-giri, a nearby hill that is believed to have contained the hermitage of Rishi Vibhandaka and his son Rishyashringa. Rishyashringa appears in an episode in the Bala-Kanda of the Ramayana where a story, narrated by Vasishtha, relates how he brought rains to the drought-stricken kingdom of Romapada.[1]

Legend[edit]

According to legend, Adi Shankaracharya is said to have selected the site as the place to stay and teach his disciples, because when he was walking by the Tunga river, he saw a cobra with a raised hood, providing shelter from the hot sun, to a frog about to spawn. Impressed with the place where natural enemies had gone beyond their instincts, he stayed here for twelve years. Adi Shankaracharya also established mathas in the northern (at Jyotirmath, near Badrinath), eastern (at Puri) and western (at Dwaraka) quarters of India.

Geography[edit]

Sringeri is located at 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25.[2] It has an average elevation of 672 metres (2204 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[3] Sringeri had a population of 4253. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sringeri has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sringeri, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kannada is spoken by the majority of the people, but Tulu is also spoken by a minority in the town.

Places of interest[edit]

Sringeri is home to a number of historic temples. Of these, Sri Sharadamba temple and Sri Vidyashankara temple are very prominent.Other historic temples nearby are Hornadu, kollur and kalasa.

Sharadamba Temple[edit]

Sharadamba temple

The Sharada temple, dedicated to the Goddess of learning and wisdom, has grown from a simple shrine dating to the time of Adi Shankaracharya. In the fourteenth century, Vidyaranya is said to have replaced the old sandalwood image with a stone and gold image. The temple structure itself continued to be made of wood till the early 20th century. After an unexpected fire that damaged the structure, the current structure was built in the traditional south Indian style of temple architecture.[4]

Vidyashankara Temple[edit]

The Vidyashankara temple was built in commemoration of the pontiff Vidyashankara, around 1357-58 C.E.. It was built by Vidyaranya, patron-saint of Harihara and Bukka, the brothers who founded the Vijayanagara empire. The niches in the temple have a number of sculptures from Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythologies. Inscriptions in the temple record contributions made by several Vijayanagara emperors but the temple was probably built on an earlier Hoysala site as it combines Hoysala and Vijayanagara architectural features. The temple architecture is also an exhibition of the astronomical expertise of medieval south Indian temple builders. The main temple hall features 12 pillars designated for the 12 signs of the zodiac. Windows and doors along the temple walls are arranged such that equinoxes sunrise views reach the deity. The northern and southern gates enable the sunrise view from the hall during solstices.[5][6][7] Also there is an ancient parashwanath jain temple close to sharada temple.

Temples of Guardian deities[edit]

Adi Shankara with disciples, by Raja Ravivarma, 1904

Sri Adi Shankara had constructed four temples on the four sides of the sringeri village.

  • Kala Bhairava Temple in the East
  • Kere Anjaneya Temple in the West
  • Kalikamba Temple in the North
  • Durgamba Temple in the South

Sri Malahanikareshwara Temple[edit]

This is located at the center of the Sringeri town.

Sringeri Sharada Peeta[edit]

Sri Vidya Teertha Setu across the Tunga river
Loads of fishes in Tunga River

The Sringeri matha is known as Sringeri Sharada Peetha. It is one of the four Hindu Advaita maths established by Adi Shankaracharya. It is also referred to as Dakshinamnaya Sringeri Sharada peetam. Following the tradition initiated by Adi Shankaracharya, the maţha is in charge of the Yajur Veda (the Krishna (Black) Yajurveda is more prevalent in South India, over which the maţha has authority in the Smarta tradition).The head of the matha is called Jagadguru (teacher to the world) and also carries the Shankaracharya name as a title. The present Sringeri Shankaracharya is Shri Bharati Tirtha.

Sri Shankara Temple at Sringeri

Zodiac Pillars[edit]

The twelve pillars in the Vidyashankar temple are popularly known as Rashistambhas (zodiacal pillars). Symbols of the twelve divisions of the zodiac are engraved on these pillars. The temple is an architectural marvel. Among the many delicate carvings, lions that are engraved in biped positions on the pillars may be mentioned. There are stone balls inside the growling faces of the lions and they can be moved inside their mouths. It is said that the design of the pillars involved certain astronomical concepts. For example, the first rays of the rising sun fall on specific pillars with the zodiacal symbol on the pillar corresponding to the position of the sun.

Places of interest near Sringeri[edit]

There are a number of prominent Hindu centres of pilgrimage near Sringeri. Some of the major ones include Horanadu Annapoorneshari Temple, Basrikatte Janardana Swami Temple, Hariharapura, Kigga (Rishyashringa Temple), Agumbe (Venugopalaswami Temple & Sunset Spot), Kalasa ( Kalaseshwara Temple), Balehonnur - Rambapuri Matha, Koppa (Veerabhadra Swamy & Chittemakki Mallikarjuna Swamy temple). Udupi, famous for Krishna matha, is a 3-hour journey by road.

Where to Stay[edit]

  • Sringeri has guest houses run by the temple administration. Visit Sringeri Mutt web site for details. There are many private lodges also.nice place to visit here.

Best time to visit[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The legend of Rishyasringa". Sringeri Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sringeri
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Sri Sharadamba Temple". Sringeri Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07. 
  5. ^ "Sri Vidyashankara Temple". Sringeri Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07. 
  6. ^ "Zodiacal pillars of Sringeri" (PDF). Current Science. Indian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2006-03-25. 
  7. ^ "Vidyashankara Temple". Indiantemples.com. Retrieved 2006-11-07. 
  8. ^ http://www.karnatakaholidays.com/sringeri.php

External links[edit]