Sri Suriyendra

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Sri Suriyendra
Queen Sri Suriyendra.jpg
Queen consort of Siam
Tenure 7 September 1809 – 21 July 1824
Spouse Buddha Loetla Nabhalai (Rama I)
Issue Mongkut (Rama IV)
Pinklao
House Chakri Dynasty
Father Chao Krua Ngern
Mother Princess Sri Sudarak
Born 1767
Bangkok, Siam
Died 1836
Bangkok, Siam

Queen Sri Suriyendra (Thai: ศรีสุริเยนทร; RTGS: Si Suriyen; 1767–1836) was the queen of Siam, wife of Buddha Loetla Nabhalai, who was her own cousin, and mother of Mongkut and Pinklao. She was later named upon the coronation of her son Mongkut as Krom Somdet Phra Sri Suriyendramataya.

Princess Bunreod was a daughter of Princess Sri Sudarak (เจ้าฟ้ากรมพระศรีสุดารักษ์) (sister of Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke) and her Chinese husband[1] Chao Krua Ngern (เจ้าขรัวเงิน). Princess Bunreod lived with her mother in the Grand Palace and grew up with her maternal female cousins, the daughters of Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.

Princess Bunreod had an affair with her cousin, Prince Isarasundhorn, a son and heir apparent to King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke. In 1801, the King discovered the princess' four-month pregnancy and banished her from the Grand Palace to live with her brother Prince Thepharirak. Prince Isarasundhorn begged his father to no avail to return the princess to the palace. The couple eventually settled at the Old Palace (Thonburi Palace) and Princess Bunreod became the prince's consort. The baby died, however, shortly after birth. With Prince Isarasundhorn (the future Buddha Loetla Nabhalai), she bore three sons:

  • The first, born in 1801, died shortly after birth;
  • Prince Mongkut, or later King Mongkut (or King Rama IV), born in 1804;
  • Prince Chutamani, or later King Pinklao, born in 1808.

Following Prince Isarasundhorn's coronation as Buddha Loetla Nabhalai, Princess Bunreod was raised to Queen Sri Suriyendra. She was not the only wife as the Siamese monarchs was allowed have many consorts in accordance with tradition. Sri Suriyendra shared her husband with Princess Consort Kunthon and Princess Riam (Mother of King Nangklao (or King Rama III))and a number of the king's concubines.

Her son, Prince Mongkut became a monk in 1824, the same year that Buddha Loetla Nabhalai died. It was her son Mongkut who was to be crowned according to tradition. However, the nobility decided to offer the crown to Prince Tub, who became King Nangklao (Rama III) (the Prince was a son of concubine, but had been extremely experienced in government). Mongkut then remained a monk to avoid court intrigues.

Sri Suriyendra then left the Grand Palace for the Old Palace (Wang Derm) to live with her son Prince Isaret (previously Prince Chutamani). She stayed there until her death in 1836, she did not live to see her son Mongkut crowned.

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Sri Suriyendra
Born: 1767 Died: 1836
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Amarindra
Queen Consort of Siam
1809–1824
Succeeded by
Debsirindra