Ss Mary & Everilda, Everingham
|Chapel of Ss Mary & Everilda|
Side Chapel Altar of St. Mary the Virgin and St. Everilda, Everingham
|Location||Everingham, East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Former name(s)||private chapel|
|Consecrated||9 July 1839|
|Heritage designation||Grade 1 listed|
|Years built||1836 - 1839|
|Closed||2004 (as a parish church)|
The Chapel of St. Mary the Virgin and St. Everilda, in the village of Everingham in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, is an impressive Italianate-style Roman Catholic chapel within the Diocese of Middlesbrough. The chapel is owned by the Guest family but leased back to the diocese on a 999 year lease, and is noteworthy as a Grade I listed building, with a fine organ.
The impressive stuccoed classical exterior almost dwarfs the adjacent red-brick Everingham Hall, which was designed by John Carr and built between 1757 and 1764 for William Haggerston Constable.
His descendant, William Constable-Maxwell, 10th Lord Herries of Terregles, from an old recusant family, built the chapel between 1836 and 1839 after the passing of the Catholic Emancipation Act in 1829, when it became legal for Roman Catholic churches to be built.
Once the act was passed, a number of Roman Catholic benefactors offered their assistance, and a large number of churches and chapels were built in the ensuing years. Yorkshire had a long history of recusancy and a large number of families had remained Catholic long after the Reformation, indeed there were entire recusant villages. Everingham was one of these, and the Catholic Church of St. Everilda was built in the grounds of the Hall. Designed in Italy by a young Roman architect, Agostino Giorgioli, its building was supervised by John Harper of York and was modeled on the Maison Dieu at Nîmes.
The church features lofty Corinthian columns on either side of the nave supporting an entableture which in turn supports a deeply coffered barrel ceiling. The apsidal sanctuary has matching Corinthian pilasters and an ingeniously designed half dome ceiling. Around the nave are spectacular statues of the apostles and there are statues of Our Lady and St Everilda in the sanctuary.
The church was consecrated on 9 July 1839 by Bishop John Briggs, the vicar apostolic of the Northern District, assisted by Andrew Carruthers (titular bishop of Ceramus), John Murdoch (titular bishop of Castabala), James Gillis (titular bishop of Limyra) and thirty-six other clergymen. The ceremony lasted nearly seven hours. A Pontifical Mass was celebrated the following day.
The exterior is unexceptional, but the interior is magnificent, with a long hall flanked with Corinthian columns, and niches with lifesize plaster statues of the Apostles and bas-reliefs of episodes in the life of Christ by Luigi Bozzoni of Carrara. The building is barrel-vaulted, ending in an apse behind the altar, which is of marble inset with panels of polished granite and porphyry. Plenty of 'faux' marbling and real gold leaf adds to the effect, and the acoustics are noteworthy.
The organ, by Charles Allen, is contemporary with the chapel, and is on a high west gallery, under the barrel vault. English classical organ Despite the small specification, the organ is laid out grandly and occupies a big mahogany case with a gilded front (the facade starts at 8' C – the four lowest Open Diapason pipes are inside). The Great Organ is in the obvious place at impost level, and the tiny swell-box is above and behind, with the Pedal Pipes on either side below it. The entire base of the organ is occupied by an enormous double-rise reservoir, about twelve feet by six.
The chapel today
The Roman Catholic parish of Everingham was closed in 2004. However, the chapel is still used by the diocese, and masses are regularly celebrated there.
- English Heritage. "Chapel of the Virgin and Saint Everilda (1346301)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "CWGC Casualty Record". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 19 February 2913.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Everingham Catholic Church.|
- Photograph of the exterior
- Photographs of the interior
- History of the organ
- Recording of the organ with brief history of the church
- History of music at Everingham
- National Archives entries
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (167025)". Images of England.