SsangYong Motor Company
|Native name||쌍용자동차 주식회사|
|Traded as||KRX: 003620|
|Founded||4 March 1954|
|Headquarters||Seoul, South Korea|
|Area served||Worldwide (except North America)|
|Key people||Lee Yoo-il, CEO|
|Products||Automobiles and commercial vehicles|
|Production output||119,142 (2012)|
|Revenue||₩2.874 trillion (2012)|
|Operating income||₩-98.12 billion (2012)|
|Net income||₩-105.93 billion (2012)|
|Total assets||₩1.85 trillion (2012)|
|Total equity||₩800.66 billion (2012)|
|Parent||Mahindra & Mahindra Limited(70%)|
|SsangYong Motor Company|
|Revised Romanization||Ssangyong Jadongcha Jusikhoesa|
|McCune–Reischauer||Ssangyong Chadongch'a Chusikhoesa|
A 70% share of SsangYong was acquired by Indian Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, in February 2011, after being named the preferred bidder in 2010 to acquire the bankruptcy-protected company. Mahindra's acquisition was approved by South Korea's Free Trade Commission.
SsangYong originally started out as two separate companies; Ha Dong-hwan Motor Workshop (established in 1954) and Dongbang Motor Co (established in 1962). In mid-1963, the two companies merged into Ha Dong-hwan Motor Co.
In 1964, Hadonghwan Motor Company started building jeeps for the US Army as well as trucks and buses. Beginning in 1976, Hadonghwan produced a variety of special purpose vehicles. After changing its name to Dong-A Motor in 1977, it was taken over by Ssangyong Business Group in 1986 and changed its name to SsangYong Motor. In 1987, it acquired United Kingdom-based specialty car maker Panther Westwinds.
In 1991 it started a technology partnership with Daimler-Benz. The deal was for SsangYong to develop an SUV with Mercedes-Benz technology. This was supposedly to allow SsangYong to gain footholds in new markets without having to build their own infrastructure (utilizing existing Mercedes-Benz networks) while giving Mercedes a competitor in the then-booming SUV market. This resulted in the SsangYong Musso, which was sold first by Mercedes-Benz and later by SsangYong.
SsangYong further benefited from this alliance, long after Daimler-Benz stopped selling the Musso, producing a badge engineered version of the Mercedes-Benz MB100, the Istana and using Daimler designs in many other models, including the second-generation Korando (engine and transmission), the Rexton (transmission), the Chairman H (chassis and transmission) and the Kyron (transmission).
In 1997, Daewoo Motors, now Tata Daewoo, bought a controlling stake from the Ssangyong Group, only to sell it off again in 2000, because the conglomerate ran into deep financial troubles. In late 2004, the Chinese automobile manufacturer SAIC took a 51% stake of SsangYong Motor Company.
|Wikinews has related news: South Korean police battle striking workers|
In January 2009, after recording a $75.42 million loss, the company was put into receivership. This may have been due to the global economic crisis and shrinking demand. On August 14, 2009, worker strikes finished at the SsangYong factory and production commenced again after 77 days of disruption. Company employees and analysts have also blamed SAIC for stealing technology related to hybrid vehicles from the company and failing to live up to its promise of continued investment. SAIC denied allegations of technology theft by the company's employees. However, SAIC was charged by the South Korean prosecutor's office for violating company regulations and the South Korean law when it ordered and carried out the transfer of Ssangyong's proprietary technology developed with South Korean government funding over to SAIC researchers.
In 2010, Daewoo Motor Sales was dropped by General Motors. The long-time dealership partner then signed a deal with the SsangYong Motor Company to supply new vehicles to sell (specifically the Rodius, Chairman W and Chairman H), in return for the injection of ₩20 billion ($17.6 million) into the car maker still recovering from bankruptcy. The deal is non-exclusive, meaning SsangYong will also sell vehicles through private dealers.
In April 2010, the company released a statement citing interest of three to four local and foreign companies in acquiring SsangYong Motor Company, resulting in shares rising by 15%. The companies were later revealed to be Mahindra & Mahindra Limited and the Ruia Group of India and SM Aluminum, Seoul Investments and French-owned Renault Samsung of South Korea. In August 2010, Mahindra & Mahindra Limited was chosen as the preferred bidder for SsangYong. The acquisition was completed in February 2011 and cost Mahindra 522.5 Billion Won.
- South Korea (Pyeongtaek). Main factory. Produces a complete range.
- Russia (Vladivostok) .Russian company Sollers JSC manufactured SsangYong Korando as New Actyon, Kyron, Rexton II, Actyon Sorts and its upgraded version SUT1.
- Ukraine (Kremenchuk) .Kremenchuk Сar Assembly Plant (KrASZ) manufactured Korando, Kyron, Rexton II.
|Actyon||2006–present||Replaced the old Korando|
|Rexton W||2012–present||Replaced the Rexton II|
|Rexton II||2006–2012||Replaced the Rexton|
|Rexton||2001–2005||Replaced the Musso and was replaced by the Rexton II|
|Musso||1993–2005||Replaced by the Kyron|
|Replaced by the Actyon, revived in late 2010|
|Korando Family||1988–1995||Based on the Isuzu Trooper|
|Actyon Sports||2006–present||Replaced the Musso Sports; also known as Korando Sports from 2012|
|Musso Sports||2002–2005||Replaced by the Actyon Sports|
|Istana||1995–2003||Licensed copy of the Mercedes-Benz MB100|
|Chairman W||2008–present||Sold alongside the Chairman H|
|Chairman H||1997–present||Based on the Mercedes-Benz W124|
|SsangYong Kallista||1992||Rebadged Panther Kallista|
|Trucks and Buses|
|SsangYong DA Truck||Based on Nissan Diesel Truck|
|SY Truck||Based on Mercedes-Benz trucks|
|Transtar||Based on Mercedes-Benz buses|
- "Annual Report 2013. Korean Automobile Industry" (PDF). Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association. ISBN 978-89-8056-042-4. Archived from the original on 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
- "2012 Consolidated Financial Statements" (PDF). SsangYong Motor. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
- "Ssangyong Motors". Smotor.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Nandini Sen Gupta, TNN, Feb 16, 2011, 12.56am IST (2011-02-16). "M&M seals $470m Ssangyong deal - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Seo, Sookyung (2010-10-13). "Mahindra May Complete Acquiring Ssangyong Controlling Stake in Early 2011". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "South Korea’s watchdog nods Mahindra buy of Ssangyong". Livemint.com. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- [dead link]
- Dastidar, Surajit Ghosh (2011). "Mahindra and Mahindra's Acquisition of SsangYong Motor Company". Vidwat Journal (EBSCO Publishing) 4 (2): 31–38. ISSN 0975-055X. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
- [dead link]
- "Musso-Mercedes match was a rocky road - www.drive.com.au". Drive.com.au. 2000-05-18. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- David Morley (2000-05-18). "Musso-Mercedes match was a rocky road". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Jonathan Hawley (2004-07-04). "Old-fashioned values". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Bruce Newton (2005-05-10). "SsangYong Chairman CM600S". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Bruce Newton (2006-05-31). "SsangYong Kyron". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- 2:49 p.m. Feb. 24, 2011 (2009-01-09). "Article from". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "INSIDE JoongAng Daily". Joongangdaily.joins.com. 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- "S.Korea Co Ssangyong Motor Awaits Key Ruling On Turnaround Plan". TradingMarkets.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Sebastian Blanco (2009-10-12). "REPORT: SAIC stole hybrid technology, says Ssangyong". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- "'먹튀 논란' 상하이車 반박 "쌍용車 주장 근거없어" - 아시아경제". Asiae.co.kr. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "쌍용차 기술, 中상하이차로 유출 : : 뉴스 : 동아닷컴". News.donga.com. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "INSIDE JoongAng Daily". Joongangdaily.joins.com. 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Saefong, Myra P. (2010-04-08). "Asia Follows Wall Street Lower". The Wall Street Journal.
- "End of speculation: Mahindra enters the fray for ailing Ssangyong Motor | Indian Cars & Motorcycles Blog". Indiancarsbikes.in. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "Business finance news - currency market news - online UK currency markets - financial news - Interactive Investor". Iii.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "Mahindra chosen preferred bidder for Ssangyong Motors". Sify.com. 2010-08-12. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "UPDATE: Mahindra Aims To Complete Ssangyong Acquisition In Four Months". The Wall Street Journal. 2010-08-25.
- "Mahindra reportedly inks deal to buy Ssangyong for $463M". Autoblog. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SsangYong vehicles.|
|SsangYong Motor Company, automobile timeline, 1980s–present|
|Mini SUV||Korando I||Korando II|
|Compact SUV||Actyon||Korando III|
|Mid-size SUV||Korando Family||Musso||Kyron|
|Rexton I||Rexton II|
|Pick-up truck||Musso Sports||Actyon Sports|