St. Albans, West Virginia

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City of St. Albans
City
Location in Kanawha County and state of West Virginia.
Location in Kanawha County and state of West Virginia.
Coordinates: 38°22′49″N 81°49′11″W / 38.38028°N 81.81972°W / 38.38028; -81.81972Coordinates: 38°22′49″N 81°49′11″W / 38.38028°N 81.81972°W / 38.38028; -81.81972
Country  United States
State  West Virginia
County Kanawha
Government
 • Mayor Dick Calloway
Area[1]
 • Total 3.70 sq mi (9.58 km2)
 • Land 3.62 sq mi (9.38 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 11,044
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 10,973
 • Density 3,050.8/sq mi (1,177.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-71212
GNIS feature ID 1555553[4]
Website www.stalbanswv.com
The Kanawha River in St. Albans as seen from Roadside Park on U.S. Route 60

St. Albans is a city in Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States, at the confluence of the Kanawha and Coal Rivers. The population was 11,044 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

St. Albans was laid out in 1816. Originally, it was known as Philippi, after Philip Thompson, an early settler, the name afterwards being changed to Colesmouth due to the area and river being discovered by Samuel Cole. The city was then incorporated as Kanawha City in 1868. The town was renamed in 1872 by H.C. Parsons of the C & O Railroad in honor of his birthplace in St. Albans, Vermont, which is itself named after St. Albans in Hertfordshire, England.[5] The latter town is named for St. Alban, believed to have been the first British Christian martyr.

Geography[edit]

St. Albans is located at 38°22′49″N 81°49′11″W / 38.38028°N 81.81972°W / 38.38028; -81.81972 (38.380365, -81.819712).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.70 square miles (9.58 km2), of which, 3.62 square miles (9.38 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 816
1910 1,209 48.2%
1920 2,825 133.7%
1930 3,254 15.2%
1940 3,558 9.3%
1950 9,870 177.4%
1960 15,103 53.0%
1970 14,356 −4.9%
1980 12,402 −13.6%
1990 11,194 −9.7%
2000 11,567 3.3%
2010 11,044 −4.5%
Est. 2012 10,973 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 11,044 people, 4,969 households, and 3,073 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,050.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,177.9 /km2). There were 5,436 housing units at an average density of 1,501.7 per square mile (579.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 3.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 4,969 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 45 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 20.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,567 people, 5,185 households, and 3,390 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,196.0 people per square mile (1,233.7/km²). There were 5,467 housing units at an average density of 1,510.5 per square mile (583.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.37% White, 2.84% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 5,185 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,130, and the median income for a family was $47,913. Males had a median income of $35,978 versus $25,030 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,806. About 4.9% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives[edit]

Education[edit]

  • Saint Albans High School (9-12)
  • Hayes Middle School (6-8)
  • McKinley Middle School (6-8)
  • Alban Elementary (K-5)
  • Central Elementary (K-5)
  • Anne Bailey Elementary (K-5)
  • George C. Weimer Elementary (K-5)
  • Lakewood Elementary (K-5)

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides tri-weekly service to nearby Charleston via the Cardinal routes. The Amtrak station is on the south side of the Kanawha River, at 350 MacCorkle Avenue near downtown Charleston.

Bus[edit]

The Kanawha Valley is served by Kanawha Valley Regional Transportation Authority (KRT).

Air[edit]

Yeager Airport is Charleston's commercial airport.

References[edit]