St. Ann's Church (Manhattan)
|The Former Church of St. Ann|
|Town or city||New York, New York|
|Country||United States of America|
Early parish history
The parish was established in 1852 by Bishop Hughes, who appointed Rev. John Murray Forbes as its first pastor. The parish began on Bond Street in the Lower East Side, but soon moved to a church building at East 8th Street at the north end of Lafayette Place, now Lafayette Street. That building had been constructed in 1811-12 on Murray Street by the Third Associated Reformed Presbyterian Church, and was designed by John McComb, Jr. in the Georgian style; it was later moved by the Presbyterian congregation to the 8th Street location. When that congregation moved uptown, the building was sold to the new Roman Catholic parish.
In 1870, needing more space, and wanting to establish a school, the parish bought a church building at 120 East 12th Street, and the 8th Street building was sold to the A. T. Stewart Department Store, which utilized it as an upholstery factory. In 1879 it was turned into the Aberle’s Theater, which was later called the Grand Central, John Thompson's, the Monte Cristo, the Comedy, and, in 1884, the Germania. It was torn down in 1904 due to subway construction.
The St. Ann parish's new sanctuary on 12th Street had been built in 1847 as the 12th Street Baptist Church, and from 1854-67 served as the synagogue of Congregation Emanu-El, which moved there from Chrystie Street, and afterward moved to a new synagogue on Fifth Avenue, where it remains. St. Ann's demolished everything of the 12th Street building except the facade, and Napoleon LeBrun designed a new French Gothic sanctuary, the cornerstore for which was laid on July 10, 1870. Construction of the new sanctuary, which the New York Times called "among the most beautiful" in New York City, cost $166,000. It could seat 1600 people, and was dedicated on January 1, 1871. The property extended back to 11th Street, so the parish was able to build a school. In 1920, stained glass windows were added to the church.
Change and demise
At the time it was built, St. Ann's was among the wealthiest congregations in the city, but the evolving demographics of the neighborhood eventually required a change, and in 1983, the building was rededicated as the St. Ann's Shrine Armenian Catholic Cathedral, an Eastern Catholic church in communion with the Church of Rome.
Twenty years later, in 2003, the Archdiocese of New York announced that the church would be permanently closed, despite objections by parishioners and preservationists, who petitioned the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission for landmark status, to no avail. A developer bought the building in 2005, and plans were announced for a new dormitory for New York University to be built on the site. Protests by the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation provoked NYU into promising that the concerns of the community would be taken into account in the dorm's design, but the final result was that the church was demolished, except for the facade which remains as a free-standing structure in front of the Founders Hall dormitory designed by the firm of Perkins Eastman. The AIA Guide to New York City describes the result as a futile exercise: "no connection is made, or even attempted, between the old church and the 26-story hulk ... the effect is of a majestic elk, shot and stuffed."
- Rev. William A. O'Neill, rector from 1895 (founding pastor of the Guardian Angel parish, where he served from 1888-1895)
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867., p.163
- "St. Ann Armenian Rite Cathedral" on the New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists website
- Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion. (2004) New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7, p.191
- "The Travesty of St. Ann's Church 120 East 12th Street" Daytonian in Manhattan (August 10, 2011)
- "Old St. Ann’s Church. A. T. Stewart to Purchase It." New York Evening Express. December 31, 1870, p. 1, col. 5.
- Stern:770, 772, 773. See also Parker:35.
- Lafort, p.329.
- Grzeslowial, Mary Johna, The Adaptive Use of Religious Structures, Rochester, New York: A Case Study (MSc Historic Preservation, Columbia University, 1986)
- Lafort, Remigius, S.T.D., Censor, The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X. Volume 3: The Province of Baltimore and the Province of New York, Section 1: Comprising the Archdiocese of New York and the Diocese of Brooklyn, Buffalo and Ogdensburg Together with some Supplementary Articles on Religious Communities of Women.. (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914)
- Parker, Robert Miles, The Upper West Side, New York (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1988)
- Stern, Robert A. M.; Mellins, Thomas and Fishman, David, New York 1880: Architecture and Urbanism in the Gilded Age (New York: The Monacelli Press, 1999)