St. Ansgar, Iowa

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St. Ansgar, Iowa
City
Downtown St. Ansgar, Iowa
Downtown St. Ansgar, Iowa
Location of St. Ansgar, Iowa
Location of St. Ansgar, Iowa
Coordinates: 43°22′44″N 92°55′10″W / 43.37889°N 92.91944°W / 43.37889; -92.91944Coordinates: 43°22′44″N 92°55′10″W / 43.37889°N 92.91944°W / 43.37889; -92.91944
Country United States
State Iowa
County Mitchell
Area[1]
 • Total 1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)
 • Land 1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,171 ft (357 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,107
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,119
 • Density 1,074.8/sq mi (415.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 19-69735
GNIS feature ID 0460929

St. Ansgar is a city in Mitchell County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,107 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

St. Ansgar is named for the patron saint of Scandinavia, a French Benedictine monk who Christianized much of Denmark, Sweden, and northern Germany between 830 and 865 A.D. The town is the site of a pioneer Norwegian Lutheran Church founded in December 1853 by Rev. Claus Lauritz Clausen, a Dane who was commissioned by the Lutheran Church of Norway to form congregations for Norwegian immigrants in Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota.

The St. Ansgar church, congregation and town served as a center for the dispersion of Norwegian settlers north across the border into Minnesota and on into western Iowa from the mid-1850s into the late 1870s. Clausen formed 21 additional congregations. St. Ansgar First Lutheran, a graceful building constructed of limestone quarried from the banks of the nearby Cedar River and native hardwoods, is the oldest continuously active Lutheran congregation west of the Mississippi (Booklet published by the First Lutheran Church of St. Ansgar on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the congregation, 1853–2003; available in the Iowa State Historical Society collection, Iowa City, Iowa, and at the church.)

Pastors in the National Church of Norway received university training in census record keeping; the current parish keeps copies of congregation records continuously from founding to the present, making these records a significant genealogical resource.

A fortified stone outbuilding locally called Fort Severson, 5.5 miles northwest of St. Ansgar near Carpenter, Iowa, was built in 1867 by settlers associated with the Clausen settlement anxious about the continued presence of Dakota Indians traveling through the area along the Deer Creek and the Cedar River. The settlers fears were animated by the killing of settlers during the Spirit Lake Massacre in 1857 and the Dakota Uprising of 1862. The distinctively fortified building, which functioned both as a barn and a fort, is the sole surviving example of many that were built.

Geography[edit]

St. Ansgar is located at 43°22′44″N 92°55′10″W / 43.37889°N 92.91944°W / 43.37889; -92.91944 (43.378814, -92.919576).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.03 square miles (2.67 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1870 360 —    
1880 552 +53.3%
1890 609 +10.3%
1900 698 +14.6%
1910 747 +7.0%
1920 844 +13.0%
1930 964 +14.2%
1940 934 −3.1%
1950 981 +5.0%
1960 1,014 +3.4%
1970 994 −2.0%
1980 1,100 +10.7%
1990 1,063 −3.4%
2000 1,031 −3.0%
2010 1,107 +7.4%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,107 people, 468 households, and 303 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,074.8 inhabitants per square mile (415.0/km2). There were 506 housing units at an average density of 491.3 per square mile (189.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.2% White, 0.3% Asian, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 468 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 45.2 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.9% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 26% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,031 people, 447 households, and 282 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,320.7 people per square mile (510.3/km²). There were 471 housing units at an average density of 603.3 per square mile (233.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.61% White, 0.19% Asian, and 0.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.

There were 447 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 31.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 77.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,977, and the median income for a family was $46,667. Males had a median income of $28,704 versus $20,294 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,100. About 6.6% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Ryan Hannam, TE at NFL.com". nfl.com. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 

External links[edit]