Saint Cajetan

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This article is about Saint Cajetan. For Cardinal Cajetan, see Thomas Cajetan. For Saint Cajetan Catanoso, see Gaetano Catanoso.
Saint Cajetan
Diedci-Solimena-Sangaetano.jpg
Saint Cajetan
Confessor
Born (1480-10-01)October 1, 1480
Vicenza, Veneto, Republic of Venice (now Italy)
Died August 7, 1547(1547-08-07) (aged 66)
Naples, Campania, Kingdom of Naples
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified October 8, 1629, Rome by Pope Urban VIII
Canonized April 12, 1671, Rome by Pope Clement X
Feast August 7
Patronage workers; gamblers; non-gamblers; document controllers; job seekers; unemployed people; Albania; Italy; Ħamrun (Malta); Argentina; Brazil; El Salvador; Guatemala

Gaetano dei Conti di Thiene (October 1, 1480 – August 7, 1547), was an Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer, who helped found the Theatines. He is recognised as a saint in the Catholic Church, and his feast day is August 7.

Life[edit]

St. Cajetan was born in October 1480, the son of Gaspar, lord of Thiene, and Mary Porta, persons of the first rank among the nobility of the territory of Vicenza, in Lombardy.[1]

His father died when he was two years of age. Quiet and retiring by nature,[2] he was predisposed to piety by his mother. Cajetan studied law in Padua, receiving his degree as doctor utriusque juris (i.e., in civil and canon law) at age 24. In 1506 he worked as a diplomat for Pope Julius II, with whom he helped reconcile the Republic of Venice.[3] But he was not ordained a priest until the year 1516.

With the death of Pope Julius II in 1513. Cajetan withdrew from the Papal Court.[3] Recalled to Vicenza by the death of his mother, he founded in 1522 a hospital for incurables there.[4] By 1523 he had established a hospital in Venice, as well. His interests were as much or more devoted to spiritual healing than the physical kind, and he joined a confraternity in Rome called "The Oratory of Divine Love".[1] He intended to form a group that would combine the spirit of monasticism with the exercises of the active ministry.

Theatines[edit]

A new congregation was canonically erected by Pope Clement VII in the year 1524. One of his four companions was Giovanni Pietro Carafa, the Bishop of Chieti, elected first superior of the order, who later became Pope as Paul IV. From the name of the city of Chieti (in Latin: Theate), arose the name by which the order is known, the "Theatines".[4] The order grew at a fairly slow pace: there were only twelve Theatines in 1527 during the sack of Rome in 1527, during which Cajetan was tortured by the Spanish soldiers of Charles V.[5] The Theatines managed to escape to Venice.[4]

There Cajetan met Jerome Emiliani, whom he assisted in the establishment of his Congregation of Clerks Regular. In 1533 he founded a house in Naples. The year 1540 found him in Venice again and from there he extended his work to Verona.[3] He founded a bank to help the poor and offer an alternative to usurers (loan sharks).[6] It later became the Bank of Naples.

Cajetan died in Naples on August 7, 1547.[6] His remains are in the church of San Paolo Maggiore in Naples; outside the church is Piazza San Gaetano, with a statue.

Veneration[edit]

He was beatified on October 8, 1629, by Pope Urban VIII. On April 12, 1671, Cajetan was canonized[6] together with Rose of Lima, Luis Beltrán, Francis Borgia and Felipe Benicio. Saint Cajetan's feast day is celebrated on August 7.

Patronage[edit]

He is known as the patron saint of Argentina, the unemployed,[7] gamblers, document controllers, and good fortune.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]