St. Charles College, Maryland
St. Charles College Historic District (Boundary Increase)
St. Charles College Historic District, December 2009
|Location||711 Maiden Choice La., Catonsville, Maryland|
|Area||15 acres (6.1 ha), boundary increase 11 acres (4.5 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||83002945, boundary increase 87002181|
|Added to NRHP||September 30, 1983, boundary increase December 29, 1987|
Charles Carroll of Carrollton signs the Declaration of Independence for Maryland. One of the wealthiest men in the Americas, Carroll staked his fortune on the American Revolution. After the Revolution, Carroll becomes president of the Maryland Senate and divides his time between Doughoregan Manor and Annapolis. At his death in 1832, he is the last surviving Signer and is laid to rest in the Family chapel at Doughoregan.
Charles buys Marys Lott, a 75 acre farm from Jacob Burgoon, a Catholic immigrant from Alcace-Lorraine, France who came to America in about 1745 and settled in Elkridge, Maryland. Jacob and his wife were indentured servants. Jacob was a cordwainer (shoemaker). Jacob and Elizabeth had bought Marys Lott in 1762. They had 8 children and after selling Marys Lott they moved to a farm in what is now Carroll County, Maryland. Marys Lott became part of the land later given for St. Charles College.
Ambrose Maréchal, the future third archbishop of Baltimore, and other Sulpician priests are frequent guests at Doughoregan, saying Mass there often and gaining the ear of the Signer. It is during subsequent years that a request of land is made for a minor seminary. Carroll, however, denies the request because he feels he cannot donate any part of his patrimony.
Emily Caton MacTavish, favorite granddaughter of the Signer and sister of the "Three American Graces", convinces Carroll to give 253 acres (1.02 km2) to the Sulpician Fathers for the erection of a minor seminary — Saint Charles. She accomplishes this by suggesting he donate land that he had bought during his lifetime. Included is Mary's Lott, so aptly named for a gift to the Church, thought Carroll at the time.
The first building of Saint Charles Seminary is completed and the college opens with the president, Father Oliver Jenkins; a deacon, Edward Caton; and four students.
Our Lady of the Angels Chapel is completed after long delays caused by the American Civil War. An imitation of the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, the building is 110' long, 34' wide and 50' high. It is lavishly decorated mainly through the generosity of its first rector; Father Jenkins.
A vastly enlarged Saint Charles College celebrates its 50th anniversary. The park-like grounds of Saint Charles look southeast towards Frederick Road.
Disaster strikes: the College is completely destroyed by fire. Miraculously, none of the 200+ faculty and students are killed or injured. Sacred vessels and vestments, along with thousands of priceless manuscripts and books are all lost. The burned-out shell is pulled down and the salvageable building materials are transported to Catonsville where the College is quickly rebuilt. All that remains standing are the ruins of the 1906 Recreation Hall.[Note 1]
High School Department was closed and the junior college merged with the upper college of St. Mary's Seminary and renamed St. Mary's Seminary College
The college closed and the property was sold to Erickson Retirement Communities, Inc. and is presently known as Charlestown Retirement Community.
St. Charles College Historic District
St. Charles College Historic District is a historic Roman Catholic church seminary and national historic district at Catonsville, Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The main complex consists of six interconnected buildings, three of which form the central group: Chapel, Administration Building, and Old Dormitory. Each has a rusticated stone first floor and upper levels of buff brick with stone trim in the Italian Renaissance style. The complex includes three additional buildings: the Dining Hall, connected by a passageway; the Convent, physically attached to the Dining Hall, and the Power House.
- Patrick Joseph Byrne, Maryknoll Missionary who served as Apostolic Delegate to Korea
- John Mattingly, Commissioner of New York City Administration for Children Services
- John Surratt
- Louis J. Weichmann
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Charles Belfoure, "Outside Baltimore, a Reach Back to the 19th Century", New York Times, December 12, 1999.
- Maryland Historical Trust: Listing for St. Charles College Historic District
- St. Charles College Historic District, Baltimore County, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust