St. Egidien, Nuremberg

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St Egidien Church in Nürnberg

St. Egidien on Egidienplatz is a church in the former free imperial city of Nuremberg, southern Germany.

It is dedicated to Saint Giles. It is considered a significant contribution to the baroque church architecture of Middle Franconia.[1]

History[edit]

The west end and organ

The medieval church was started in the early 12th Century, and was built as a Benedictine monastery. It was a three-aisled basilica in the Romanesque style. In the 15th century, the church was rebuilt and extended.

At the Reformation in 1525 the monastery was dissolved, and the monastic estates transferred to the city authorities. After the Peace of Augsburg there were two unsuccessful attempts to recover the former monastic estates for the Benedictine order, firstly in 1578 by the Scottish Bishop John Lesley on behalf of Mary, Queen of Scots, and from 1629 to 1631 by a Commission for the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg to implement a Roman Catholic Restitution Edict. On 6 and 7 July 1696 a fire destroyed the monastery and church.

The church was rebuilt in the baroque style. The foundation stone was laid on 14 October 1711. The architects were Johann Trost and Gottlieb Trost. It was the largest construction project in Nuremberg in the 18th century. The stucco decorations were done by Donato Polli. The frescos were painted by Daniel Preisler and Johann Martin Schuster.

The church was badly damaged during the Second World War in an air raid on 2 January 1945. The roof on the nave, crossing, transepts and choir collapsed and the outer walls were badly damaged. It was rebuilt between 1946 and 1959.[2]

Bells[edit]

There are six bells in the towers.

Nr. Note Year of Casting Bellfounder Diameter
(mm)
Weight
(kg)
Tower
1 d1 +1 1965 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 1387 1534 South
2 e1 −1 1965 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 1240 1066 North
3 g1 +1 1959 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 1070 766 South
4 h1 −1 1959 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 825 340 North
5 d2 +1 1959 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 702 235 North
6 e2 ±0 1959 Glockengießerei Bachert, Karlsruhe 640 185 North

Organ[edit]

The church has a long tradition of fine music. The first organ was installed in 1460 by Stephan Kaschendorf from Bratislava. Amongst its history of organists are

The current organ was installed in 1963 by Rieger Orgelbau.[5] It has 3 manuals and 43 stops.

Coordinates: 49°27′24″N 11°04′53″E / 49.4566°N 11.0815°E / 49.4566; 11.0815

References[edit]

  1. ^ (German) Nürnberg, Reichsstadt: Politische und soziale Entwicklung (Political and Social Development of the Imperial City of Nuremberg), Historisches Lexikon Bayerns
  2. ^ St. Egidien 1718-1959. Festschrift zur Wiedereinweihung der St. Egidienkirche in Nürnberg. Nürnberg 1959
  3. ^ “The” Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music, Don M. Randel, Harvard University Press, 1996
  4. ^ Dictionary of German Biography. Schmidt - Theyer. K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company, Walter de Gruyter, 2005
  5. ^ http://www.rieger-orgelbau.com/en/details/project/Nuernberg_St_Egidien/