St. François Xavier, Manitoba
For the rural municipality, see: Rural Municipality of St. François Xavier
St. François Xavier is an unincorporated urban centre located in the southeastern part of the Rural Municipality of St. François Xavier in Manitoba, Canada. It is located about 25 km west of the city of Winnipeg on the Assiniboine River.
The community of St. François Xavier was named after the parish established in 1824 by Reverend Father Boucher. A post office was opened in 1871 (0n Lot 183, Township 11-1W). It closed in 1975. It had various names including White Horse Plains (La Prairie du Cheval Blanc) and Grantown after Cuthbert Grant.
In 1851 Father Louis-François Richer Laflèche accompanied the Métis buffalo hunters from the parish of St. François Xavier on one of their annual hunts on the prairies. The hunting party was made up of 67 men, a number of women who came to prepare the meat, some small children and 200 carts. In North Dakota they encountered a band of Sioux. Lafleche dressed only in a black cassock, white surplice, and stole, directed with the camp commander Jean Baptiste Falcon a miraculous defence against 2,000 Sioux combatants, using a crucifix at the Battle of Grand Coteau (North Dakota). After a siege of two days (July 13 and 14), the Sioux withdrew, convinced that the Great Spirit protected the Métis.
St. François Xavier is classified as an unincorporated urban centre and is a designated place in the Canada Census of 2011. It had a population of 574 in 2011 down 8.5% from 2006. The land area was 3.37 km2.
- "The Battle at the Grand Coteau: July 13 and 14, 1851". Manitoba Historical Society by William Morton. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- "Battle of Grand Coteau: Letter by Father Lafleche". Published by Lawrence J. Barkwell. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- "Canada Census 2011 (community profiles)". Retrieved 2013-10-18.
- Geographic Names of Manitoba (pg. 238) - the Millennium Bureau of Canada
- Historic Sites of Manitoba: White Horse Monument
- RM of St. François Xavier (Official website)
- Historical Sites (RM of St. François Xavier)
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