St. Francis County, Arkansas
|Saint Francis County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||October 13, 1827|
|• Total||642.40 sq mi (1,664 km2)|
|• Land||633.84 sq mi (1,642 km2)|
|• Water||8.56 sq mi (22 km2), 1.33|
|• Density||45/sq mi (17.21/km²)|
The Forrest City Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of St. Francis County.
The county was formed on October 13, 1827, and named for the St. Francis River.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 642.40 square miles (1,663.8 km2), of which 633.84 square miles (1,641.6 km2) (or 98.67%) is land and 8.56 square miles (22.2 km2) (or 1.33%) is water.
- Cross County (north)
- Crittenden County (east)
- Lee County (south)
- Monroe County (southwest)
- Woodruff County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 29,329 people, 10,043 households, and 7,230 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/mi²). There were 11,242 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 48.36% White, 49.01% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 4.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,043 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.90% were married couples living together, 20.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,146, and the median income for a family was $30,324. Males had a median income of $28,389 versus $20,578 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,483. About 23.10% of families and 27.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.70% of those under age 18 and 23.10% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of St. Francis County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Black Fish
- Franks (small part of Forrest City)
- Garland (Hughes)
- Griggs (Widener)
- Madison (most of Forrest City, Madison
- Prairie (Palestine
- Telico (Caldwell, Colt, small part of Forrest City)
- Wheatley (most of Wheatley)
- L. L. Clover, American Baptist Association clergyman, was pastor of New Prospect Missionary Baptist Church in St. Francis County in the 1940s.
- Sonny Liston, World heavyweight boxing champion, was born in Johnson Township, St. Francis County.
- Joyce Oscar, Author, Publisher, Poet, was born in Hughes, St. Francis County.
Government and infrastructure
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): St. Francis County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05123_st_francis/BAS11C20512300000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110806.
- "Forrest City city, Arkansas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
- "FCI Forrest City Medium Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 1, 2011. "FCI FORREST CITY MEDIUM FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION 1400 DALE BUMPERS ROAD FORREST CITY, AR 72335"
||Woodruff County||Cross County|
|Monroe County||Lee County|