St. George (Raphael, Louvre)

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St. George and the Dragon
Raphael - Saint George Fighting the Dragon.jpg
Artist Raphael
Year c. 1504
Type Oil on wood
Dimensions 31 cm × 27 cm (12 in × 11 in)
Location Louvre, Paris

St. George or St. George and the Dragon is a small painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It is housed in the Louvre in Paris. A later version of the same subject is the St. George in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

History[edit]

This painting and the equally small Saint Michael, also in the Louvre,[1] are a pair. In the Mazarin Collection they were joined together, forming a diptych, and bound in leather. Louis XIV acquired them from Mazarin's heirs in 1661.[2]

Saint George has sometimes been ascribed to the artist's Roman period, because of the fact that the horse resembles one of the horses of Monte Cavallo (the Quirinal Palace). However, Raphael could easily have known this particular horse from a drawing of it, done by one of Leonardo's pupils.[3] To judge by the still somewhat naïve and Peruginesque style of the painting, it is really one of Raphael's early works, dating from about 1504. He did another painting of the same subject a little later (the mentioned panel in Washington D. C.), and towards the end of his life he painted a large Sant Michael which is also in the Louvre.

Giovanni Lomazzo, in his Trattato della Pittura (1584), mentions a Saint George by Raphael, commissioned by the Duke of Urbino, which was painted on a little chess-board (tavoliere). According to the old catalogues the small Saint Michael, if not the saint George as well, had a draught-board on the back which is now covered over.[4] Examination by means of X-rays and infrared has not confirmed this statement. In the abovementioned book, Lomazzo seems to have confused various pictures of the same subject.[5] If one can rely to some extent on his late and somewhat muddled testimony, it is possible that the two paintings in the Louvre were painted for the Duke of Urbino.

The Uffizi Gallery has a pen-and-wash cartoon for the Saint George (seen here below).

Raphael's cartoon for St George and the Dragon

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cf. Louvre entry
  2. ^ Champlin, John Denison; Charles Callahan Perkins (1913). Cyclopedia of painters and paintings. C. Scribner's sons. p. 258. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Muntz, Eugene (May 2005 (originally 1888)). Raphael: His Life, Works, and Times. Kessinger Publishing. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-7661-9396-3. Retrieved 26 June 2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ G. P. Lomazzo, Trattato Dell' Arte Della Pittura Scultura Ed Architettura, (reprint) Kessinger Publishing (2010).
  5. ^ Cartwright, Julia (18 October 2006). Early Work of Raphael. Kessinger Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4254-9624-1. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • J. Pitman, Raphael Trail: The Secret History of One of the World's Most Precious Works of Art (2006)