Saint John Berchmans Church, Brussels

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This article is about St John Berchmans Church in Brussels, Belgium. For other uses, see St. John Berchmans Church (disambiguation).
For Saint John Berchmans, see St. John Berchmans.
Church of St. John Berchmans
Eglise Saint Jean Berchmans
St. John Berchmans church in Brussels, Belgium
Rear apse of the church on the Boulevard Saint Michel, Brussels, Belgium
Basic information
Location Etterbeek, Brussels, Belgium
Geographic coordinates 50°50′05″N 4°24′26″E / 50.83472°N 4.40722°E / 50.83472; 4.40722Coordinates: 50°50′05″N 4°24′26″E / 50.83472°N 4.40722°E / 50.83472; 4.40722
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Year consecrated 9 July 1912
Status Oratory[1]
Website www.eglisecsm.org
Architectural description
Architect(s) Joseph Prémont[2]
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Romanesque revival
General contractor Society of Jesus
Direction of façade NW
Groundbreaking 20 July 1908 (20 July 1908)
Specifications
Length 60 metres (200 ft)
Width 35 metres (115 ft)
Width (nave) 13 metres (43 ft)
Spire(s) 2

The Church of St. John Berchmans (French: Saint Jean Berchmans, Dutch: Sint Jan Berchmans) is the Roman Catholic church of St Michael College in Brussels, Belgium. Founded by the Society of Jesus at the turn of the 20th century, the church is dedicated to the Belgian Jesuit saint St. Jan Berchmans.

History[edit]

The purpose of the church was to form the vital center of the newly created Collège Saint Michel. It was built in the same architectural style as the rest of the school buildings. Msg. Giovanni Tacci Porcelli, Nuncio to Belgium, laid down the foundation stone of the church on 20 July 1908. Architect Joseph Prémont was inspired by the Rhenan Romanesque tradition of the Middle Ages. The church is of Rhenan Romanesque revival style and was consecrated on 9 July 1912 by the Bishop of Galle, Joseph van Reeth SJ .

Interior of the church in 1912. The main altar and most of the original furniture has disappeared.
Exterior of the church in 1912.

Exterior[edit]

The façade, made of grey freestone and rose stone from the Gileppe, is decorated with a statue of Saint Michael the Archangel, patron saint of the Collège. Two Romanesque entrances on the apse's right and left side lead to an antechamber.

Interior[edit]

The church is built in a Latin Cross plan with a central nave and two aisles, cut by a small transept. The nave on three levels is divided in four spans by two times three monolithic barrelled columns of polished Labrador granite. The capitals, made of white Euville stone, are all decorated with different motifs. The choir ends in a semi-circular apse under a five-sided arch. The back of the church also forms a semi-circular apse, inspired by the style of the Romanesque churches of the region of the Rhine.

Suspended above the columns of the nave, six statues of saints of the Society of Jesus rest on pedestals with their carved initials. On the left, towards the main altar are St. Alphonsus Rodriguez, Saint Francis de Geronimo and St. Stanislas Kostka. On the right are St. Peter Claver, Saint Aloysius Gonzaga and St. Francis Borgia. The statues of St. Alphonsus Rodriguez and St. Peter Claver are by the Belgian sculptor C. Van de Cappele. The others are by another Belgian sculptor, Oscar Sinia.[3]

In 1968, after the Second Vatican Council and the liturgical reforms which followed, several transformations of the interior arrangement were carried out. Much of the original furniture has disappeared. The main altar, made from drawings by the architect Joseph Prémont, was surmounted by a tabernacle set up in a retable decorated with statuettes of copper. The altar was presented the International Exhibition of Brussels in 1910.

Stained windows[edit]

The stained glass of the lower windows were made by the workshop of Camille Ganton-Defoin, Ghent. They depict the important events of life of Jesus Christ. The stained windows of the choir came from the workshop of Stalins in Antwerp. They represent the Holy Trinity, in the center, surrounded by the four evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) and the Four Church Fathers (St. Gregory the Great, St. Augustine, St. Ambrose, St. Jerome) and the eights saints of the Society of Jesus.

The transept rose window on the right is dedicated to Belgium with St. Joseph, the patron Saint of Belgium, surrounded by Belgian saints or saints venerated in different Belgian cities. The rose window on the left depicts the Tree of Jesse with the Virgin Mary surrounded by personages of the Old Testament.

Organ[edit]

The romantic organ of the church was built by the Belgian organ builder Jean-Emile Kerkhoff. Built between 1909 and 1910, the organ has three keyboards, a pedal board and 36 organ stops. The organ was inaugurated on 6 April 1910 by a performance of Charles-Marie Widor.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The church of St. John Berchmans is not a parish church.
  2. ^ Inventaire du patrimoine architectural 1995
  3. ^ Etterbeek- Collège Saint-Michel Boulevard Saint-Michel 24, 26, Inventaire du patrimoine architectural (in French) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale), 1995, retrieved 22 January 2011 
  4. ^ Direction des Monuments et des Sites 2010

References[edit]

External links[edit]