St. John's East

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St. John's East
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador electoral district
St John's East.png
St. John's East in relation to other Newfoundland and Labrador ridings
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Jack Harris
New Democratic
District created 1949
First contested 1949
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 100,559
Electors (2011) 73,053
Area (km²)[1] 375.21
Pop. density (per km²) 268
Census divisions Division No. 1
Census subdivisions St. John's, Conception Bay South, Paradise, Portugal Cove-St. Philip's, Torbay, Wabana
For the provincial electoral district please see St. John's East (provincial electoral district) or St. John's North (provincial electoral district).

St. John's East (French: St. John's-Est; formerly known as St. John's North) is a federal electoral district in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1949.

It covers a part of St. John's. Since 2008, it has been represented by Jack Harris, who also represented the seat briefly in the 1980s. For a brief period in 2003 and 2004, it was known as "St. John's North".[2]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups: 97.2% White
Languages: 97.7% English, 1.9% Other
Religions: 47.1% Catholic, 46.0% Protestant, 4.9% No affiliation
Average income: $28 969

Geography[edit]

The district includes the extreme northeastern part of the Avalon Peninsula including the northern half of the City of St. John's, and the eastern half of the Town of Conception Bay South. It also includes Bell Island, Little Bell Island and Kelly's Island.

The neighbouring ridings are Avalon and St. John's South—Mount Pearl.

According to Elections Canada, the geographic boundaries for this riding as of the 39th General Election are:

"All that area consisting of:
(a) the towns of Bauline, Flatrock, Logy Bay – Middle Cove – Outer Cove, Paradise, Portugal Cove – St. Philip's, Pouch Cove, Torbay and Wabana;
(b) that part of the Town of Conception Bay South lying northeasterly of a line described as follows: commencing at the intersection of the southeasterly limit of the Town of Conception Bay South with Conway Brook; thence generally northerly along said brook and Long Pond Harbour to Conception Bay; and
(c) that part of the City of St. John's lying northwesterly of a line described as follows: commencing at the intersection of the westerly limit of the City of St. John's with Kenmount Road; thence northeasterly and easterly along said road, Freshwater Road and Longs Hill to Gower Street; thence northeasterly along said street to Kings Bridge Road; thence northerly along said road to Rennie's River; thence generally easterly along said river, Quidi Vidi Lake and the channel known locally as Quidi Vidi Gut to Quidi Vidi Harbour. Including Bell Island, Little Bell Island, Kelly's Island and all the other islands adjacent to the shoreline of the above described area."

See the map of the St. John's East riding.

History[edit]

The riding was created when Newfoundland joined Confederation in 1949 and has historically been a conservative stronghold. St. John's East was won by Liberal Bonnie Hickey in 1993 election, who was defeated by Progressive Conservative Norman Doyle in the 1997 election. Doyle held the riding for the PCs and then the Conservatives, but stood down in 2008 and was replaced in a landslide by Jack Harris, the current New Democratic Party incumbent.

As of the 2012 electoral redistribution, 21% of this riding will be moved into Avalon, and it will gain 5% from St. John's South—Mount Pearl.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
St. John's East
21st  1949 − 1953     Gordon Higgins Progressive Conservative
22nd  1953 − 1957     Allan Fraser Liberal
23rd  1957 − 1958     James McGrath Progressive Conservative
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965     Joseph O'Keefe Liberal
27th  1965 − 1968
28th  1968 − 1972     James McGrath Progressive Conservative
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1986
 1987 − 1988     Jack Harris New Democratic
34th  1988 − 1993     Ross Reid Progressive Conservative
35th  1993 − 1997     Bonnie Hickey Liberal
36th  1997 − 2000     Norman Doyle Progressive Conservative
37th  2000 − 2003
 2003 − 2004     Conservative
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011     Jack Harris New Democratic
41st  2011 − Present

Election results[edit]

St. John's East, 2013 Representation Order[edit]

The 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution concluded that the electoral boundaries of St. John's East should be adjusted, and a modified electoral district of the same name will be contested in future elections.[3] The redefined St. John's East had its boundaries legally defined in the 2013 representation order which will come into effect upon the call of the 42nd Canadian federal election, scheduled for October 2015.[4]

2011 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote  %
  New Democratic 26,042 70.65
  Conservative 7,538 20.45
  Liberal 2,863 7.77
  Green 415 1.13

St. John's East, 2003 Representation Order[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Jack Harris 31,388 71.22 -3.33 $68,045.84
Conservative Jerry Byrne 9,198 20.87 +11.61 $85,207.91
Liberal John Allan 3,019 6.85 -5.73 $53,539.40
Green Robert Miller 467 1.06 -0.32 $335.14
Total valid votes/Expense limit 44,072 100.0   $85,537.94
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 136 0.31 +0.32
Turnout 44,208 57.85 +0.96
Eligible voters 76,424
New Democratic hold Swing -7.47
Sources:[5][6]
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Jack Harris 30,881 74.55 +57.03 $78,829
Liberal Walter Noel 5,211 12.58 -22.37 $51,030
Conservative Craig Westcott 3,836 9.26 -37.30 $79,772
Progressive Canadian Shannon Tobin 578 1.40 none listed
Green Howard Story 570 1.38 +0.40 none listed
Newfoundland and Labrador First Les Coultas 347 0.84 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit 41,423 100.0   $81,734
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 137 0.33 -0.06
Turnout 41,560 56.89 -4.6
Eligible voters 73,053
New Democratic gain from Conservative Swing +39.70
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Norman Doyle 19,110 46.56 +5.16 $72,442
Liberal Paul Antle 14,345 34.95 -1.70 $71,682
New Democratic Mike Kehoe 7,190 17.52 -2.25 $14,072
Green Stephen Eli Harris 402 0.98 -1.19 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit 41,047 100.0   $74,567
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 111 0.27 -0.04
Turnout 41,158 60.50 +4.88
Eligible voters 68,026
Conservative hold Swing +3.43
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Norman Doyle 15,073 41.40 -12.50 $67,414
Liberal Walter Noel 13,343 36.65 +4.07 $70,872
New Democratic Janine Piller 7,198 19.77 +7.09 $17,703
Green Scott Vokey 791 2.17 $564
Total valid votes/Expense limit 36,405 100.0   $72,255
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 114 0.31
Turnout 36,519 55.62 -1.47
Eligible voters 65,660
Conservative notional gain from Progressive Conservative Swing -8.28
Changes from 2000 are based on redistributed results. Change for the Conservatives is based on the combined totals of the Progressive Conservatives and the Canadian Alliance.
2000 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote  %
  Progressive Conservative 17,752 51.26
  Liberal 11,282 32.58
  New Democratic 4,391 12.68
  Alliance 913 2.64
  Others 290 0.84

Previous elections[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Norman Doyle 23,606 53.22 +14.24
Liberal Peter Miller 13,835 31.19 +4.02
New Democratic Carol Cantwell 5,395 12.16 -15.93
Alliance Garry Hartle 1,144 2.58 -1.88
Independent Judy Day 254 0.57
Natural Law Michael Rayment 122 0.28 -0.15
Total valid votes 44,356 100.00

Changes for the Canadian Alliance from 1997 are based on the results of its predecessor, the Reform Party.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Norman Doyle 17,286 38.98 -2.83
New Democratic Ted Warren 12,460 28.09 +21.62
Liberal Bonnie Hickey 12,048 27.17 -17.27
Reform David Tulett 1,977 4.46 +1.56
Green Jonathan C. Whalen 388 0.87
Natural Law Michael Rayment 191 0.43 -0.42
Total valid votes 44,350 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bonnie Hickey 19,511 44.44 +25.38
Progressive Conservative Ross Reid 18,355 41.81 -2.32
New Democratic Bob Buckingham 2,839 6.47 -28.83
Reform J. Leonard Barron 1,271 2.90
National Bill Vetter 1,211 2.76
Natural Law Michael Rayment 374 0.85
Christian Heritage Bob Tremblett 339 0.77 -0.75
Total valid votes 43,900 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Ross Reid 21,503 44.13 +9.16
New Democratic Jack Harris 17,198 35.30 -10.98
Liberal Jim Baird 9,285 19.06 +1.84
Christian Heritage Robert Tremblett 739 1.52
Total valid votes 48,725 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 20 July 1987
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On the resignation of Hon. James McGrath, 4 September 1986
New Democratic Jack Harris 15,842 46.28 +39.72
Progressive Conservative Thomas V. Hickey 11,971 34.97 -43.33
Liberal Steve Neary 5,894 17.22 +2.9
Rhinoceros Peter Francis Quinlan 527 1.54
Total valid votes 34,234 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 30,866 78.30 +17.04
Liberal Elizabeth Reynolds 5,644 14.32 -11.15
New Democratic Christine Oliver 2,584 6.56 -5.60
Libertarian Paul Paquet 325 0.82
Total valid votes 39,419 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 20,007 61.26 +2.83
Liberal Ernest J. Bishop 8,320 25.47 +3.17
New Democratic George P. Corbett 3,973 12.16 -7.11
Independent Ann Margaret Barney 270 0.83
Marxist–Leninist Carol Hodge 91 0.28
Total valid votes 32,661 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 20,262 58.43 +2.25
Liberal John Dustan 7,734 22.30 -11.48
New Democratic Stratford G. Canning 6,684 19.27 +10.04
Total valid votes 34,680 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 16,941 56.18 -4.29
Liberal Norman Whalen 10,187 33.78 +0.06
New Democratic George Corbett 2,783 9.23 +3.90
Independent J. Wayne Saint John 242 0.80
Total valid votes 30,153 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 17,728 60.47 -0.46
Liberal Margaret Dunn 9,887 33.72 -1.72
New Democratic R. Graham Kelly 1,563 5.33 +2.12
Social Credit Norman W. King 139 0.47 +0.05
Total valid votes 29,317 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 18,153 60.93 +19.79
Liberal Joseph O'Keefe 10,558 35.44 -20.53
New Democratic Mary Summers 956 3.21 +1.13
Social Credit Norman W. King 126 0.42 -0.39
Total valid votes 29,793 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph O'Keefe 16,182 55.97 +4.48
Progressive Conservative William Joseph Browne 11,894 41.14 -7.37
New Democratic Cyril W. Strong 602 2.08 Ø
Social Credit Norman William King 233 0.81 Ø
Total valid votes 28,911 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph O'Keefe 14,768 51.49 +5.92
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 13,911 48.51 -3.82
Total valid votes 28,679 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 14,821 52.33 -13.09
Liberal Brian White 12,907 45.57 +11.95
New Democratic James J. Walsh 435 1.54 Ø
Social Credit Eric Dixon Cave Hiscock 158 0.56 Ø
Total valid votes 28,321 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 17,894 65.42 +12.22
Liberal Gregory O'Grady 9,197 33.62 -13.18
Independent Liberal David Ignatius Jackman 263 0.96 Ø
Total valid votes 27,354 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative James McGrath 10,312 53.20 +18.82
Liberal Allan Fraser 9,073 46.80 +4.1
Total valid votes 19,385 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Allan Fraser 8,310 42.70 -1.21
Progressive Conservative Gordon Higgins 6,691 34.38 -20.62
Independent Peter John Cashin 4,459 22.91 Ø
Total valid votes 19,460 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes %
Progressive Conservative Gordon Higgins 9,912 55.00
Liberal Ambrose John Dalton Shea 7,913 43.91
Co-operative Commonwealth William W. Gillies 197 1.09
Total valid votes 18,022 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]