St. John's Episcopal Church (Detroit, Michigan)

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St John's Episcopal Church
Denomination Episcopal Church USA
Churchmanship Anglo-Catholic
Website www.stjohnsdetroit.org
History
Dedication Saint John the Apostle
Administration
Diocese Episcopal Diocese of Michigan
Province V
Clergy
Rector Fr Steven Kelly, SSC
Curate(s) Fr James Fraser IV
Assistant Fr Michael Bedford, SSC
Laity
Organist/Director of music Dr Huw R. Lewis, FRCO
St. John's Episcopal Church
Location 2326 Woodward Avenue
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°20′23.51″N 83°3′8.84″W / 42.3398639°N 83.0524556°W / 42.3398639; -83.0524556Coordinates: 42°20′23.51″N 83°3′8.84″W / 42.3398639°N 83.0524556°W / 42.3398639; -83.0524556
Built 1859
Architect Albert Jordan & James Anderson
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
MPS Religious Structures of Woodward Ave. TR
NRHP Reference # 82002906[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 3, 1982
Designated MSHS June 10, 1987[2]

St. John's Episcopal Church is located at 2326 Woodward Avenue (at the corner of Woodward and the Fisher Freeway service drive) in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. It is the oldest church still standing on Woodward Avenue, an area once called Piety Hill for its large number of religious buildings.[3] The church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982[1] and designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1987.[2]

History[edit]

St. John's Episcopal Church c. 1905
St. John's Episcopal Church in 1934

The parish of St. John's was organized in Detroit in 1858, primarily due to the efforts of Henry Porter Baldwin, a successful merchant who later became governor of Michigan and a United States senator.[4] Porter purchased and donated the property, which was then on the northern outskirts of Detroit's city limits at the corner of Woodward and High Street (now Interstate 75). He also donated the money to build a rectory and a 150-seat chapel, designed by Albert Jordan, who became a noted church architect in Detroit, and James Anderson.[4]

When the chapel was dedicated in 1859, it was already too small for the burgeoning congregation. A new church was commissioned from Jordan and Anderson and quickly constructed; it was consecrated on December 10, 1861.[4]

Today the church congregation is unusual among those of the modern Episcopal Church as it uses the traditional 1928 edition of the Book of Common Prayer, in combination with the Anglican Missal, rather than the prayer book developed in the 1970s.[4]

Architecture[edit]

St. John's is an excellent example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture, measuring 170 feet by 65 feet.[4] The belfry, the tallest section of the building, rises 105 feet.[4] The bulk of the exterior is rubble limestone, with the trim made of Kelly Island sandstone.[4] The side walls and roof are supported by buttresses and hammer beam trusses. Decorative gargoyles festoon the roof line and hood moldings above the windows and doors. The interior has galleries cantilevered on three sides; originally there were no intermediary piers to support the roof, giving the church an auditorium feel.[3]

There are six memorial stained glass windows on either side of the nave. These were installed between 1880 to 1954.[4] The upper portions of the windows, above the stained glass, are still the original grisaille and colored glass. An additional window, above the west gallery, was dedicated in 1963.

The altar, installed in 1873, is constructed of white Caen stone altar; it serves as a memorial to the mother of then-Rector George Worthington.[4] Most of the rest of the chancel furnishings were donated as memorials during the renovations in 1892. These include the screen made from wrought iron and Caen stone, the harmonizing pulpit, and the brass lectern. Hand-carved oak clergy and choir stalls were added following the 1936 renovation.[4]

There have been two major architectural alterations to St. John's since the church was built. The first, in 1892, deepened the chancel to create space for the organ console and the choir.[4] This alteration required that the original chapel be taken down and rebuilt ten feet farther east. In 1936, due to the widening of Woodward Avenue, the entire church and chapel were moved 60 feet backwards.[4]

The oldest part of the church, the chapel, still stands, and includes a number of stained glass windows. A State of Michigan historical marker now marks the church.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Saint John's Episcopal Church". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved September 1, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Religious Structures of Woodward Ave. TR from the National Park Service
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l History page from St. John's Episcopal Church website
  5. ^ St. John's Episcopal Church from michmarkers.com

Further reading[edit]

  • Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. 

External links[edit]