St. Johns, Arizona

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For the Census-designated place in Maricopa County, see St. Johns, Maricopa County, Arizona.
St. Johns
Navajo: Tsézhin Deezʼáhí
City
St. Johns, Arizona
Motto: Town of Friendly Neighbors[1]
Location in Apache County and the state of Arizona
Location in Apache County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 34°30′7″N 109°22′18″W / 34.50194°N 109.37167°W / 34.50194; -109.37167Coordinates: 34°30′7″N 109°22′18″W / 34.50194°N 109.37167°W / 34.50194; -109.37167
Country United States
State Arizona
County Apache
Government
 • Mayor Cristian R. Patterson
Area
 • Total 26.1 sq mi (67.6 km2)
 • Land 25.9 sq mi (67.1 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 5,686 ft (1,733 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,480
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 3,503
 • Density 134/sq mi (51.9/km2)
Time zone Arizona Time Zone (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85936
FIPS code 04-62350
Website City of St. Johns

St. Johns (Navajo: Tsézhin Deezʼáhí)[4][5] is the county seat of Apache County, Arizona, United States.[6] It is located along U.S. Route 180, mostly west of where that highway intersects with U.S. Route 191. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 3,480.[2]

History[edit]

Saint Johns, the site of a useful crossing of the Little Colorado River, was originally called El Vadito, (Spanish for "the little crossing") by Spaniards as they first explored the area. Starting in 1864, a trader named Solomon Barth began crossing the area as he moved salt from a salt lake in Zuni territory to Prescott, Arizona. In a poker game in 1873 Barth earned enough money to purchase cattle and enough land in St. Johns to start a ranch with his brothers Nathan and Morris. He changed the name from El Vadito to San Juan. There is some controversy as to whether this was in honor of the first woman resident, Maria San Juan Baca de Padilla, or of the feast of San Juan. William R. Milligan arrived in 1866, followed by Frank Walker in 1870. By 1872 a Spanish-American agricultural community had developed. A stone cabin was erected by Juan Sedilla in 1874. Solomon Barth sold out to Mormon Ammon M. Tenney in 1875 or 1879. A Mormon community named Salem and led by David King Udall was established just north of the town under the direction of Wilford Woodruff on March 29, 1880, and then moved to higher ground by Erastus Snow on September 19 of the same year.[7][8] [9]

St. Johns has been the county seat for almost all of Apache County's history. When the county was created on February 24, 1879, Snowflake was designated the county seat.[10] After the first election in fall 1879, county government was set up in St. Johns, though it was moved again in 1880, to Springerville; in 1882 St. Johns again became the county seat, and it has remained so ever since.[7][10]

Geography and climate[edit]

St. Johns is located at 34°30′7″N 109°22′18″W / 34.50194°N 109.37167°W / 34.50194; -109.37167 (34.501921, -109.371543),[11] in the White Mountains in northeast Arizona.[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.1 square miles (67.6 km2), of which 25.9 square miles (67.1 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.68%, is water.[13]

The climate is cold semi-arid (BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot summers with relatively greater precipitation via erratic thunderstorms. Large diurnal temperature variations are typical, so that warm days are often followed by freezing nights.

Climate data for St. Johns, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
90
(32)
85
(29)
95
(35)
99
(37)
103
(39)
104
(40)
104
(40)
99
(37)
92
(33)
82
(28)
78
(26)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 48.7
(9.3)
55.0
(12.8)
61.3
(16.3)
69.6
(20.9)
78.2
(25.7)
87.9
(31.1)
89.5
(31.9)
86.9
(30.5)
81.7
(27.6)
71.3
(21.8)
58.4
(14.7)
48.9
(9.4)
69.8
(21)
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.1
(1.2)
39.1
(3.9)
45.2
(7.3)
51.8
(11)
60.5
(15.8)
69.6
(20.9)
73.8
(23.2)
71.7
(22.1)
65.6
(18.7)
54.5
(12.5)
42.3
(5.7)
34.0
(1.1)
53.5
(11.9)
Average low °F (°C) 19.5
(−6.9)
23.1
(−4.9)
29.0
(−1.7)
33.9
(1.1)
42.8
(6)
51.2
(10.7)
58.1
(14.5)
56.4
(13.6)
49.5
(9.7)
37.6
(3.1)
26.2
(−3.2)
19.1
(−7.2)
37.2
(2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−13
(−25)
−7
(−22)
7
(−14)
21
(−6)
25
(−4)
38
(3)
38
(3)
23
(−5)
13
(−11)
−21
(−29)
−25
(−32)
−29
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.75
(19)
0.56
(14.2)
0.76
(19.3)
0.45
(11.4)
0.46
(11.7)
0.49
(12.4)
1.72
(43.7)
2.33
(59.2)
1.42
(36.1)
1.17
(29.7)
0.66
(16.8)
0.70
(17.8)
11.47
(291.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.1
(10.4)
1.9
(4.8)
2.6
(6.6)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
1.6
(4.1)
3.4
(8.6)
15
(38.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.6 3.6 4.0 2.5 2.6 2.7 7.7 8.8 5.4 4.1 2.8 3.3 51.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.6 1.1 5.1
Source: NOAA [14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 546
1890 482 −11.7%
1910 835
1920 1,386 66.0%
1930 1,386 0.0%
1950 1,469
1960 1,310 −10.8%
1970 1,320 0.8%
1980 3,368 155.2%
1990 3,294 −2.2%
2000 3,269 −0.8%
2010 3,480 6.5%
Est. 2013 3,503 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
2013 Estimate[3]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 3,269 people, 989 households, and 805 families residing in the city. The population density was 494.8 people per square mile (190.9/km²). There were 1,392 housing units at an average density of 210.7 per square mile (81.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.48% White, 0.37% African American, 6.24% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.12% from other races, and 3.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.19% of the population.

There were 989 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.6% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.55.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 35.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,215, and the median income for a family was $37,478. Males had a median income of $38,477 versus $24,009 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,331. About 12.5% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions[edit]

St. Johns is home to the Apache County Historical Society Museum and has four National Register of Historic Places:

St. Johns is near the Placerias Quarry, the site where dozens of Placerias fossils were discovered in 1930 by Charles Camp and Samuel Welles, of the University of California, Berkeley.

St. Johns is along the shortest and most scenic route from Phoenix to Albuquerque, New Mexico.[12] Within an hour's drive from St. John's are Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest,[17] Petrified Forest National Park, the Painted Desert, and Lyman Lake State Park, as well as Indian reservations such as the Navajo Nation, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, and Zuni Indian Reservation.[12]

Annual Events[edit]

  • Pioneer Days Sponsored by LDS St. Johns AZ Stake
  • San Juan Fiesta Sponsored by St. Johns Catholic Church
  • Apache County Fair
  • Horse Trials
  • Christmas Light Parade

Notable residents[edit]

Udall family

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

St. Johns is served by the St. Johns Unified School District. The city is served by Coronado Elementary School, St. Johns Middle School, and St. Johns High School.[18] The city is home to the St Johns Center of Northland Pioneer College.

Public libraries[edit]

The Apache County Library District has its headquarters facility and the St. Johns Public Library in St. Johns.[19][20]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Official website of St. Johns
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  4. ^ Wilson, A. Navajo Place Names Audio Forum 1995 ISBN 0-88432-825-2
  5. ^ Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. The Navajo Language. Revised Ed. Albuquerque, New Mexico: 1987. p.732, column1, entry 27
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 21. Retrieved 8 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Andrew Jensen. Encyclopedic History of the Church. p. 732
  9. ^ teax of monument in St. Johns about Salem
  10. ^ a b Official website of Apache County, Arizona
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ a b c St. Johns, Arizona from the Travel & Explore section of The Arizona Republic website
  13. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): St. Johns city, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20 (1971–2000)" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2004. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Recreation and Leisure from the city's official website
  18. ^ http://www.sjusd.k12.az.us/education/district/district.php?sectionid=1
  19. ^ "Home." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011. "Apache County Library District PO Box 2760 30 South 2nd West St Johns, Arizona 85936"
  20. ^ "St. Johns Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.

External links[edit]