St. Johns County, Florida
|St. Johns County, Florida|
St. Johns County Courthouse
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||July 21, 1821|
|Largest community||Ponte Vedra Beach|
|• Total||822 sq mi (2,129 km2)|
|• Land||601 sq mi (1,557 km2)|
|• Water||221 sq mi (572 km2), 26.9%|
|• Density||316/sq mi (122/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
St. Johns County is a county of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 190,039. The county seat and largest incorporated city is St. Augustine. The county was established in 1821. It is one of the first counties created when Florida was ceded to the United States, and it was named after the St. Johns River, which runs along its western border.
St. Johns County is included in the Jacksonville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is primarily made up of residential bedroom communities. Tourism, primarily associated with St. Augustine and the many golf courses in the area, is the chief economic industry.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Libraries
- 7 Communities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
|This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2014)|
St. Johns County was founded in 1821 when Florida was ceded to the United States under the Adams–Onís Treaty, which was negotiated with Spain by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. Created on the same date, St. Johns and Escambia counties were Florida's two original counties and were divided by the Suwannee River. Forty four counties were created from St. Johns county directly or indirectly. They include Duval (1822), Monroe (1823), Alachua, Nassau, and Orange (1824), Columbia (1832), Hillsborough (created from Alachua and Monroe) (1834), Miami-Dade (1836), Hernando (created from Hillsborough, Mosquito(became Orange), and Alachua) (1843), Marion (created from Alachua and Orange) (1844), Levy (created from Alachua) (1844), Putnam (created from Alachua and St. Johns) (1849), Sumter, Volusia and Brevard (created from Orange) (1853–55), Manatee (created from Hillsborough and Orange) (1855), Bradford (created from Columbia and Alachua) (1858), Clay (created from Duval) (1858), Suwannee (created from Columbia) (1858), Baker (created from Bradford) (1861), Polk (created from Brevard and Hillsborough) (1861), Citrus (created from Hernando) (1867), DeSoto (created from Manatee) (1887), Lake (created from Orange and Sumter) (1887), Lee (created from Monroe) (1887), Osceola (created from Brevard and Orange) (1887), Pasco (created from Hernando) (1887), St. Lucie (created from Brevard) (1905), Palm Beach (created from Miami-Dade) (1909), Pinellas (created from Hillsborough) (1912), Seminole (created from Orange) (1913), Broward (created from Miami-Dade) (1915), Flagler (created from St. Johns and Volusia) (1917), Okeechobee (created from Osceola and Brevard) (1917), Charlotte (created from DeSoto) (1921), Glades, Hardee, and Highlands (all created from DeSoto) (1921), Sarasota (created from Manatee) (1921), Union (created from Bradford) (1921), Collier and Hendry (created from Lee) (1923), Gilchrist (created from Alachua) (1925), Indian River (created from St. Lucie) (1925) and Martin (created from St. Lucie and Palm Beach) (1925).
- Duval County, Florida – north
- Flagler County, Florida – south
- Putnam County, Florida – southwest
- Clay County, Florida – west
National protected areas
- Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
- Fort Matanzas National Monument
- Guana Tolomato Matanzas National Estuarine Research Reserve
As of the census of 2000, there were 123,135 people, 49,614 households, and 34,084 families residing in the county. The population density was 202 people per square mile (78/km²). There were 58,008 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.92% White, 6.29% African American, 0.26% American Indian, 0.95% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.63% of the population.
There were 49,614 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90.
The age of the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $50,099, and the median income for a family was $59,153. Males had a median income of $40,783 versus $27,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,674. About 5.10% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.
The St. Johns County Board of County Commissioners is an elected five-member commission, which appoints a county administrator. The main environmental and agricultural body is the St. Johns County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works closely with other area agencies.
St. Johns County Animal Control operates the St. Johns County Pet Adoption and Holding Center at 130 North Stratton Road.
Primary and secondary education
Public schools are run by the St. Johns County School District, headed by the St. Johns County School Board, an elected five-member board which appoints a superintendent to administer schools' operations. The system has grown considerably since 2000 to accommodate the county's rapid population growth. It is Florida's top performing school district in Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test scores, the state's standardized test for public schools. In addition, the district received 2011 Energy Star Top Performer and Leader from the EPA 
For the 2011–2012 school year the district comprised:
- 18 elementary schools (K–5)
- 1 K-8 school (K–8)
- 7 middle schools (6–8)
- 7 high schools (9–12)
- 1 alternative center (K-12)
- 6 charter schools (including a vocational-technical college)
Additionally, the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind is a residential school for deaf and blind students, funded and operated by the state of Florida. The Catholic Diocese of St. Augustine operates St. Joseph Academy, a private high school in St. Augustine.
St. Johns River State College, a state college in the Florida College System, has a campus in St. Johns County near St. Augustine. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award associates degrees and two bachelor's degrees.
The St. Johns County Public Library has 6 branches.
- Anastasia Island Branch
- Bartram Trail Branch
- Hastings Branch
- Main Library
- Ponte Vedra Beach Branch
- Southeast Branch
- National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Johns County, Florida
- Parks in St. Augustine/St. Johns County, Florida
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Current and Recent News". Fldoe.org. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "FSDB website". Fsdb.k12.fl.us. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "National Liberal Arts College | Rankings | Data | US News". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "Educational Programs | University of St. Augustine". Usa.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Johns County, Florida.|
|Clay County||Atlantic Ocean|
|Putnam County||Flagler County|