St. Johns County, Florida

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St. Johns County, Florida
St. Augustine, FL, Courthouse, St. Johns County, 08-09-2010 (3).JPG
St. Johns County Courthouse
Flag of St. Johns County, Florida
Flag
Seal of St. Johns County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting St. Johns County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded July 21, 1821
Seat St. Augustine
Largest community Ponte Vedra Beach
Area
 • Total 822 sq mi (2,129 km2)
 • Land 601 sq mi (1,557 km2)
 • Water 221 sq mi (572 km2), 26.9%
Population
 • (2010) 190,039
 • Density 316/sq mi (122/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.sjcfl.us

St. Johns County is a county of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 190,039.[1] The county seat and largest incorporated city is St. Augustine.[2] The county was established in 1821, one of the first counties created when Florida was ceded to the United States.

St. Johns County is included in the Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is primarily made up of residential bedroom communities. Tourism, primarily associated with St. Augustine and the many golf courses in the area, is the chief economic industry.

History[edit]

St. Johns County was founded in 1821 when Florida was ceded to the United States under the Adams–Onís Treaty, which was negotiated with Spain by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. Created on the same date, St. Johns and Escambia counties were Florida's two original counties. Forty four counties were created from St. Johns county directly or indirectly. They include Duval (1822), Monroe (1823), Alachua, Nassau, and Orange (1824), Columbia (1832), Hillsborough (created from Alachua and Monroe) (1834), Miami-Dade (1836), Hernando (created from Hillsborough, Mosquito(became Orange), and Alachua) (1843), Marion (created from Alachua and Orange) (1844), Levy (created from Alachua) (1844), Putnam (created from Alachua and St. Johns) (1849), Sumter, Volusia and Brevard (created from Orange) (1853–55), Manatee (created from Hillsborough and Orange) (1855), Bradford (created from Columbia and Alachua) (1858), Clay (created from Duval) (1858), Suwannee (created from Columbia) (1858), Baker (created from Bradford) (1861), Polk (created from Brevard and Hillsborough) (1861), Citrus (created from Hernando) (1867), DeSoto (created from Manatee) (1887), Lake (created from Orange and Sumter) (1887), Lee (created from Monroe) (1887), Osceola (created from Brevard and Orange) (1887), Pasco (created from Hernando) (1887), St. Lucie (created from Brevard) (1905), Palm Beach (created from Miami-Dade) (1909), Pinellas (created from Hillsborough) (1912), Seminole (created from Orange) (1913), Broward (created from Miami-Dade) (1915), Flagler (created from St. Johns and Volusia) (1917), Okeechobee (created from Osceola and Brevard) (1917), Charlotte (created from DeSoto) (1921), Glades, Hardee, and Highlands (all created from DeSoto) (1921), Sarasota (created from Manatee) (1921), Union (created from Bradford) (1921), Collier and Hendry (created from Lee) (1923), Gilchrist (created from Alachua) (1925), Indian River (created from St. Lucie) (1925) and Martin (created from St. Lucie and Palm Beach) (1925).

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 822 square miles (2,130 km2), of which 601 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 221 square miles (570 km2) (26.9%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,694
1850 2,525 −6.3%
1860 3,038 20.3%
1870 2,618 −13.8%
1880 4,535 73.2%
1890 8,712 92.1%
1900 9,165 5.2%
1910 13,208 44.1%
1920 13,061 −1.1%
1930 18,676 43.0%
1940 20,012 7.2%
1950 24,998 24.9%
1960 30,034 20.1%
1970 30,727 2.3%
1980 51,303 67.0%
1990 83,829 63.4%
2000 123,135 46.9%
2010 190,039 54.3%
Est. 2013 209,647 10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 123,135 people, 49,614 households, and 34,084 families residing in the county. The population density was 202 people per square mile (78/km²). There were 58,008 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.92% White, 6.29% African American, 0.26% American Indian, 0.95% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.63% of the population.

There were 49,614 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90.

The age of the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,099, and the median income for a family was $59,153. Males had a median income of $40,783 versus $27,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,674. About 5.10% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The St. Johns County Board of County Commissioners is an elected five-member commission, which appoints a county administrator. The main environmental and agricultural body is the St. Johns County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works closely with other area agencies.

Animal Control[edit]

St. Johns County Animal Control operates the St. Johns County Pet Adoption and Holding Center at 130 North Stratton Road.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Public schools are run by the St. Johns County School District, headed by the St. Johns County School Board, an elected five-member board which appoints a superintendent to administer schools' operations. The system has grown considerably since 2000 to accommodate the county's rapid population growth. It is Florida's top performing school district in Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test scores, the state's standardized test for public schools.[9] In addition, the district received 2011 Energy Star Top Performer and Leader from the EPA [10]

For the 2011–2012 school year the district comprised:

  • 18 elementary schools (K–5)
  • 1 K-8 school (K–8)
  • 7 middle schools (6–8)
  • 7 high schools (9–12)
  • 1 alternative center (K-12)
  • 6 charter schools (including a vocational-technical college)

Additionally, the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind is a residential school for deaf and blind students, funded and operated by the state of Florida.[11] The Catholic Diocese of St. Augustine operates St. Joseph Academy, a private high school in St. Augustine.

Higher education[edit]

St. Johns River State College, a state college in the Florida College System, has a campus in St. Johns County near St. Augustine. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award associates degrees and two bachelor's degrees.

Flagler College is a private liberal arts institution located in downtown St. Augustine. It has been recognized as a "Best Value College" by U.S. News & World Report.[12]

University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences is a school for Physical and Occupational Therapy Education.[13]

Libraries[edit]

The St. Johns County Public Library has 6 branches.

  • Anastasia Island Branch
  • Bartram Trail Branch
  • Hastings Branch
  • Main Library
  • Ponte Vedra Beach Branch
  • Southeast Branch

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ "Current and Recent News". Fldoe.org. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  10. ^ http://www.energystar.gov/ia/business/leaders/Leaders_full_list_2011.pdf
  11. ^ "FSDB website". Fsdb.k12.fl.us. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  12. ^ "National Liberal Arts College | Rankings | Data | US News". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  13. ^ "Educational Programs | University of St. Augustine". Usa.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°55′N 81°25′W / 29.91°N 81.41°W / 29.91; -81.41