St. Joseph Cathedral (Columbus, Ohio)
|St. Joseph Cathedral|
|Location||212 E. Broad St.
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
Robert T. Brookes
|Length||185 feet (56 m)|
|Width||92 feet (28 m)|
|Diocese||Diocese of Columbus|
|Bishop(s)||Most Rev. Frederick F. Campbell|
|Rector||Rev. Michael Lumpe|
St. Joseph Parish was founded from St. Patrick’s Parish in Columbus in 1866. St. Patrick’s had become overcrowded and its pastor, the Rev. Edward M. Fitzgerald, began to plan for a new church. He raised money and formed a building committee. Property was secured on Broad Street and Fifth for $13,500. The name St. Joseph was chosen by a committee for the new church, and Michael Harding was chosen as the architect. The foundation was staked out on June 6, 1866 and the contractor, John McCabe, began to excavate the site. John Stoddard was hired to do the masonry work. The first cornerstone was laid on November 11, 1866 by Auxiliary Bishop Sylvester H. Rosecrans of Cincinnati.
In 1867 Father Fitzgerald was named Bishop of Little Rock and Bishop Rosecrans was named pastor of St. Patrick’s. On March 3, 1868 Pope Pius IX established the Diocese of Columbus and named Bishop Rosecrans as its first bishop. It was decided that St. Joseph’s would become the cathedral for the new diocese.
Robert T. Brookes succeeded Harding as architect and changes were made to the original design. Because the building would now be constructed of stone instead of brick, the foundation walls were torn down and new ones built. Retired General William Rosecrans, older brother of Bishop Rosecrans, came to Columbus and assisted with some of the design plans in the summer of 1870.
The first Mass in the cathedral was celebrated by Bishop Rosecrans on Christmas 1872. A high altar and side altars, with marble donated by Cardinal John McCloskey of New York, was installed soon after. The marble was from the same quarry used in the construction of St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. In 1873 the home of Joseph Gundersheimer was purchased to house the clergy, and it served that purpose until a rectory attached to the cathedral could be built. Even though the building was not completed it was consecrated by Bishop Rosecrans on October 20, 1878 at a cost of $220,000.
St. Joseph Cathedral was designed in the Gothic Revival style and built of ashlar stone that was quarried in Licking and Fairfield counties. The exterior walls of the building are 185 feet (56.4m) long and 92 feet (28 m) wide. The walls are three feet (.9 m) thick. There are three entrances off Broad Street and one off of Fifth Street.
The main façade of the cathedral was to be framed by two bell towers. The southwest tower was to rise to a height of 312 feet (95 m) and contain three clock faces and a chime of ten bells. The southeast tower was to reach a height of 200 feet (61 m). Neither tower has been completed.
- "Parish History (page 1)". Saint Joseph Cathedral. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- "St. Joseph Cathedral". GCatholic. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- "Diocese of Columbus". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- "Parish History (page 3)". Saint Joseph Cathedral. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- "Parish History (page 4)". Saint Joseph Cathedral. Retrieved 2011-09-21.