St. Joseph County, Michigan

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Not to be confused with St. Joseph, Michigan.
Saint Joseph County, Michigan
Seal of Saint Joseph County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Saint Joseph County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1829[1]
Seat Centreville
Largest city Sturgis
Area
 • Total 521 sq mi (1,349 km2)
 • Land 501 sq mi (1,298 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 3.9%
Population
 • (2010) 61,295
 • Density 122/sq mi (47/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.stjosephcountymi.org

St. Joseph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,295.[2] The county seat is Centreville.[3][1] The county takes its name from Saint Joseph, patron saint of New France.[1] It was set off and organized in 1829.[1]

St. Joseph County comprises the Sturgis, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 521 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 501 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (3.9%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-smallest county in Michigan by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,313
1840 7,068 438.3%
1850 12,725 80.0%
1860 21,262 67.1%
1870 26,275 23.6%
1880 26,626 1.3%
1890 23,356 −12.3%
1900 23,889 2.3%
1910 25,499 6.7%
1920 26,818 5.2%
1930 30,618 14.2%
1940 31,749 3.7%
1950 35,071 10.5%
1960 42,332 20.7%
1970 47,392 12.0%
1980 56,083 18.3%
1990 58,913 5.0%
2000 62,422 6.0%
2010 61,295 −1.8%
Est. 2013 60,964 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[2]

The 2010 United States Census[9] indicates St. Joseph County had a 2010 population of 61,295. This is a decrease of -1,127 people from the 2000 United States Census. Overall, the county had a -1.8% growth rate during this ten-year period. In 2010 there were 23,244 households and 16,275 families in the county. The population density was 122.4 per square mile (47.3 square kilometers). There were 27,778 housing units at an average density of 55.5 per square mile (21.4 square kilometers). The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 88.0% White, 2.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 6.6% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races.

There were 23,244 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were husband and wife families, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, and 24.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.9% under age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[9] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $43,964 and the median income for a family was $52,600. Males had a median income of $30,517 versus $16,388 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,737. About 1.8% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under the age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of January 2009)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bibliography on St. Joseph County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau accessdate=March 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°55′N 85°32′W / 41.92°N 85.53°W / 41.92; -85.53