St. Lawrence's Church, Vittoriosa

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Collegiate of St Lawrence
The Collegiate Parish church of St Lawrence
Il-Knisja Kolleġġjata ta' San Lawrenz
Façade of the Church
Collegiate of St Lawrence is located in Malta
Collegiate of St Lawrence
Collegiate of St Lawrence
35°53′14.64″N 14°31′17.4″E / 35.8874000°N 14.521500°E / 35.8874000; 14.521500
Location Birgu
Country Malta
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Founded May 11,  1681 (1681-05-11)
Founder(s) Michele Molina
Dedication St Lawrence
Consecrated 24 October 1723
Architecture
Status Active
Functional status Parish church
Collegiate church
Architect(s) Lorenzo Gafà
Architectural type Church
Style Baroque
Completed 10 August 1697
Administration
Parish Birgu
Archdiocese Malta
Clergy
Archpriest Joseph Cilia

The Collegiate church of St Lawrence (Maltese: Knisja kolleġġjata ta 'San Lawrenz) is an old Church situated in Birgu in Malta.

History[edit]

In the 'Rollo' (inventory) of the benefices of the churches and chapels in Malta and Gozo, held by Bishop de Mello in 1436, ten established chapels are mentioned, amongst which the Church of San Lorenzo a Mare.

When the Order of Saint John first settled in Malta in 1530, all of their langues were based in Birgu, so the Church of Saint Lawrence was used as the Order's first Conventual Church in Malta. It served this purpose for 41 years from 1530 to 1571 until the Knights were transferred to the new capital city Valletta. The foundation stone of the present church was laid in May 1681 by Bishop Molina. It was completed in 1696. The church was inaugurated by Bishop Davide Cocco Palmieri on the feats of St Lawrence, August 10, 1697. It was consecrated in 1723. In 1820 Pope Pius VII bestowed the dignity of Collegiate church upon the parish church of St Lawrence.[1]

War period[edit]

On January 16, 1941 the church was bombed by a German air raid. Both the sacristy and the chapter hall were destroyed. They were both re-built in 1949. On March 22 of the same year the chapel of the blessed Sacrament was destroyed and on April 4, 1942 the dome of the church was destroyed. The chapel was re-built in 1951 and the dome was re-built in 1952.[2]

Works of art[edit]

The church includes many works of art amongst them the main altar piece by Mattia Preti showing the martyrdom of St Lawrence. Other works of art include paintings by Stefano Erardi such as Christ the Saviour and The Dead Christ

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Lawrence Church", Order of Malta, July 2004. Retrieved on 24 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Church dedicated to St Lawrence Martyr in Vittoriosa Parish churches (3)", The Times of Malta, Malta, 03 September 2011. Retrieved on 24 April 2014.

Coordinates: 35°53′15″N 14°31′17″E / 35.8874°N 14.5215°E / 35.8874; 14.5215