St. Lorenz, Nuremberg

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St Lorenz
St Lawrence
Nürnberg St. Lorenz Türme Totale.jpg
West facade of the St Lorenz
Basic information
Location Nuremberg
Affiliation Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Parish Church
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Gothic
Direction of façade W
Groundbreaking 1250
Completed 1477
Length 91.2m
Width 30.0m
Width (nave) 10.4m
Height (max) 80.0m

St. Lorenz (St. Lawrence) is a medieval church of the former free imperial city of Nuremberg in southern Germany. It is dedicated to Saint Lawrence. The church was badly damaged during the Second World War and later restored. It is one of the most prominent churches of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria.

Architecture[edit]

The nave of the church was completed by around 1400. In 1439, work began on the choir in the form of a hall church in the late German sondergotik style of gothic architecture. The choir was largely completed by 1477 by Konrad Roriczer,[1] although Jakob Grimm completed the intricate vaults.

In the choir one can find the carving of the Angelic Salutation by Veit Stoss, and the monumental tabernacle by Adam Kraft. The latter is notable for including a prominent figure of the sculptor himself.

The building and furnishing of the church was from the city council and wealthy citizens. This is probably the reason that the art treasures of St. Lawrence were spared during the iconoclasm during the Reformation period. Despite St. Lawrence being one of the first churches in Germany to be Lutheran (1525), the wealthy citizens of Nuremberg wanted to preserve the memory of their ancestors and refused the removal of the donated works of art.

The west facade is articulated richly reflecting the wealth of the Nuremberg citizens. The facade is dominated by the two towers, mirroring St. Sebald and indirectly Bamberg Cathedral with a sharp towering West portal doorway, and a well-indented rose window 9 metres in diameter.

Organs[edit]

The hall choir including the sacrament house by Adam Kraft

The church has three organs.

  • Main organ. Steinmeyer, Oettingen, 1937 rebuilt by Klais Orgelbau, Bonn, 2003. 5 manuals
  • Stephans Organ. Steinmeyer op. 34 from1862 formerly in the Evangelical Lutherin Church, Hersbruck, Restored in 2002 by Klais Orgelbau, Bonn. 2 manual
  • Laurentius Organ. Klais Orgelbau, Bonn 2005. 3 manual.

Coordinates: 49°27′04″N 11°04′41″E / 49.451°N 11.0780555556°E / 49.451; 11.0780555556

Organists of St. Lorenz[edit]

The church has employed organists for over 500 years, many of them prominent musicians within Bavaria. Amongst the famous names are the following:

  • Nicholas Pair (Bayer) ca. 1448
  • Hans Seber 1510 - 1517
  • Hans Feller 1517 - 1525
  • Interregnum from 1525
  • Georg Nötteleins ???? - 1565
  • Paulus Lautensack 1565 - 1571
  • Wilhelm Ende 1571 - 1581
  • Kasper Hassler 1587 - 1616
  • Johann Staaten 1611 - 1618[2]
  • Valentin Dretzel 1618 - 1634
  • Sigmund Theophil Staden 1634 - 1655
  • Albrect Martin Lunßdörffer 1688 - 1694
  • Johann Löhner 1694 - 1705[3]
  • Wolfgang Förtsch 1705 - 1743
  • Cornelius Heinrich Dretzel 1743 - 1764
  • Johann Siebenkees 1764 - 1772
  • Johann Gottlieb Frör 1814 - 1823
  • Georg Friedrich Herrscher 1843 - 1870
  • Carl Christian Mattäus 1871 - 1914
  • Carl Böhm 1913 - 1917
  • Walther Körner 1918 - 1962

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frankl, 1960, p. 149.
  2. ^ The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Don Michael Randel. Harvard University Press.
  3. ^ Companion to Baroque Music. Julie Anne Sadie. University of California Press. 1998

Sources[edit]

Frankl, Paul (1960). The Gothic: Literary Sources and Interpretations through Eight Centuries. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 916.