St. Louis Globe-Democrat
|Owner(s)||Newhouse Newspapers (1955–83)|
|Founded||July 1, 1852|
|Ceased publication||October 30, 1986|
|Headquarters||St. Louis, Missouri|
The St. Louis Globe-Democrat (informally referred to as The Globe) was originally a daily print newspaper based in St. Louis, Missouri from 1852 until 1986. When the trademark registration on the name expired, it was reincarnated as an unrelated free historically themed paper.
News print edition (1852–1986)
It began operations on July 1, 1852 as the Missouri Democrat, which later merged with the St. Louis Globe. It was St. Louis' conservative daily newspaper for much of its run.
The newspaper was the morning paper for Greater St. Louis, and had some competition from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (created by a merger of the St. Louis Post and the St. Louis Dispatch) and the St. Louis Star-Times (created by a merger of the St. Louis Star and the St. Louis Times). The Star-Times ceased operations in 1951. Both the Globe-Democrat and the rival Post-Dispatch carried on for three more decades, eventually under a joint operating agreement, until the Globe-Democrat, after changing ownership and leaving the agreement, finally ceased operations in October 1986.
In their earliest days, the predecessor newspapers which eventually merged to form the St. Louis Globe-Democrat were staunch advocates of freedom and anti-slavery in Missouri. The Globe-Democrat eventually became the most widely read morning paper in St. Louis, with a huge circulation, and used this base of support to promote civic responsibility and great causes regarding urban improvements. A casualty in the 1980s of an anti-trust collusion agreement between the heirs of SI Newhouse (Conde Nast, owner) and the St. Louis Post Dispatch to close the Globe and enter into a 50-year profit-sharing arrangement put the Globe-Democrat out of business, leaving a record of unmatched documentary and journalistic achievement as represented in its files.
In 1968, the Globe-Democrat went to the U.S. Supreme Court to defends claims that setting maximum prices for newspaper deliveries violated anti-trust law. In Albrecht v. Herald Co., the majority found the paper guilty of vertical price fixing.
The Globe-Democrat Building at 710 N. Tucker Blvd. in downtown St. Louis is still used for office and retail space by various small businesses and organizations on a rental basis. This building was built in 1931, and designed by St. Louis firm Mauran, Russell & Crowell.
The Globe-Democrat's 10,000,000-square-foot (930,000 m2) morgue of articles and photographs is housed in the St. Louis Mercantile Library at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Since 1993 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat has been published as a history/nostalgia paper in St. Louis. This publication was founded as the St. Louis Inquirer in 1986 and later acquired the Globe-Democrat name.
Later name usages
A free paper has been published for 15 years under the moniker of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. This version of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat is largely a recount of historical events, usually focused on a particular year. The paper includes some local brand-name contributors. The 25,000 circulation editions are free and supported by advertisers. The paper is circulated in entertainment venues such as movie theaters. The paper continues to circulate since 1994.
On December 8, 2009, an online newspaper was launched under the St. Louis Globe-Democrat name. The online edition ceased operations on January 23, 2011.