Union Station (St. Louis)

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St. Louis Union Station
Stlouis-waters.jpg
Outside the station is Carl Milles' fountain sculpture Meeting Waters
Station statistics
Address 1820 Market Street
St. Louis, Missouri 63103
Line(s) St. Louis Metrolink
Metrolink Rail Lines:
Connections MetroBus: 4, 41, and 97
Megabus (to Memphis, Tennessee, Kansas City, Missouri and Chicago, Illinois)
Platforms 1
Tracks 2
Parking Yes; Paid
Other information
Opened 1892-94
Rebuilt 1985
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code STL
Owned by Bi-State Development Agency dba Metro
Services
Metro/Taxis/Megabus
Preceding station   MetroLink   Following station
Red Line
toward Shiloh-Scott
Blue Line
  Former services  
Preceding station   Baltimore and Ohio   Following station
Terminus St. Louis Line
toward Cumberland
Illinois Central
Terminus St. Louis – Chicago
St. Louis – Carbondale
toward Carbondale
New York Central Railroad
Terminus St. Louis – Cleveland
toward Cleveland
Pennsylvania Railroad
Terminus St. Louis – Columbus
toward Columbus
Rock Island Line
toward Kansas City
Kansas City – St. Louis Terminus
St. Louis Union Station
Union Station (St. Louis) is located in Missouri
Union Station (St. Louis)
Location St. Louis, Missouri
 United States
Coordinates 38°37′40.9″N 90°12′28.34″W / 38.628028°N 90.2078722°W / 38.628028; -90.2078722Coordinates: 38°37′40.9″N 90°12′28.34″W / 38.628028°N 90.2078722°W / 38.628028; -90.2078722
Built 1892-94
Architect Theodore Link
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 70000888[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 30, 1970
Designated NHL December 30, 1970[2]

St. Louis Union Station, a National Historic Landmark, was a passenger train terminal in St. Louis, Missouri. Once the world's largest and busiest train station, it was converted in the early 1980s into a hotel, shopping center, and entertainment complex. Today, it serves only local rail (MetroLink) transit passengers.

History[edit]

Station interior in 1895.
Original track laout

The station opened on September 1, 1894, and was owned by the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis. Designed by Theodore Link, it included three main areas: the Headhouse, the Midway and the 11.5-acre (47,000 m2) Train Shed. The headhouse originally housed a hotel, a restaurant, passenger waiting rooms and railroad ticketing offices. It featured a gold-leafed Grand Hall, Romanesque arches, a 65-foot (20 m) barrel-vaulted ceiling and stained-glass windows. The clock tower is 280 feet (85 m) high.

Union Station's headhouse and midway are constructed of Indiana limestone and initially included 42 tracks under its vast trainshed terminating in the stub-end terminal.

At its height, the station combined the St. Louis passenger services of 22 railroads, the most of any single terminal in the world. At its opening, it was the world's largest and busiest railroad station and its trainshed was the largest roof span in the world. In 1903, the station was expanded to accommodate visitors to the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair.

In the 1940s, it handled 100,000 passengers a day. The famous photograph of Harry S. Truman holding aloft the erroneous Chicago Tribune headline, "Dewey Defeats Truman", was shot at the station as Truman headed back to Washington, DC from Independence, Missouri after the 1948 Presidential election.

The 1940s expansion added a new ticket counter designed as a half-circle and a mural by Louis Grell could be found atop the customer waiting area which depicted the history of St. Louis with an old fashion steam engine, two large steamboats and the Eads Bridge in the background.

As airliners became the preferred mode of long-distance travel and railroad passenger services declined in the 1950s and 1960s, the massive station became obsolete and too expensive to maintain for its original purpose. With the takeover of national rail passenger service by Amtrak in 1971, passenger train service to St. Louis was reduced to only three trains a day. Amtrak stopped using Union Station on October 31, 1978; the six trains daily did not justify such a large facility. The last to leave Union Station was a Chicago-bound Inter-American. Passenger service shifted to an "Amshack" one block east, now the site of the Gateway Multimodal Transportation Center.[3]

Renovations[edit]

Entrance to the station on 26 May 2010.

In August 1985, after a $150 million renovation designed by HOK, Union Station was reopened with a 539-room hotel, shopping mall, restaurants and food court. Federal historic rehabilitation tax credits were used to transform Union Station into one of the city's most visited attractions. The station rehabilitation by Conrad Schmitt Studios [4] remains one of the largest adaptive re-use projects in the United States. The hotel is housed in the headhouse and part of the train shed, which also houses a lake and shopping, entertainment and dining establishments. Omni was the original hotel operator, followed by Hyatt Regency Hotel chain and Marriott Hotels.

In January 2010, St. Louis Union Station underwent another major redevelopment, with the expansion of the station's Marriott Hotel in the main terminal building. The hotel was to take over the Midway area of the station and all stores have been relocated to the train shed shopping arcade. These major improvements and redevelopments were to be finished by 2011, according to Marriott St. Louis Union Station.

Lodging Hospitality Management bought Union Station in 2012. It rebranded the hotel as a DoubleTree.[5]

Some architectural elements from the building have been removed in renovations and taken to the Sauget, Illinois storage site of the St. Louis Building Arts Foundation.[6]

Transportation[edit]

MetroLink (subway/rail)[edit]

MetroLink, the St. Louis light rail mass transit system, serves Union Station from its station directly below the trainshed in the Union Station subway tunnel. The St. Louis Union Station serves the Red Line and Blue Line.

It takes about 30 minutes to travel to Lambert-St. Louis International Airport's East and Main Terminals via the Metro Red Line.

MetroLink map Oct2008.svg

MegaBus service[edit]

Megabus provides express intercity bus service to Memphis, Tennessee, Kansas City, Missouri and Chicago from Union Station.

Taxis[edit]

St. Louis Union Station has 24-hour taxi service at its north entrance on Market Street.

Approximate travel time by taxi, non-rush hour:

  • Downtown St. Louis hotels: 5–8 minutes
  • St. Louis International Airport: 25–30 minutes
  • MidAmerica St. Louis Airport: 30 minutes
  • Gateway Arch/Laclede's Landing: 8 minutes
  • America's Center/Convention Center: 8–10 minutes
  • Midtown/Theatre District: 12 minutes
  • Central West End: 10–15 minutes
  • Clayton Business District: 15 minutes

Gateway Transportation Station[edit]

The city's major transportation hub station, Gateway Multimodal Transportation Center is located next to Union Station. It serves the city's rail system and regional bus system MetroBus, Greyhound, Amtrak and city taxi services.

Filming[edit]

In 1981, the disused Grand Hall was used in John Carpenter's movie Escape from New York, doubling for Madison Square Garden during the film's gladiatorial fight. [1]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Union Station". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  3. ^ "Historic Station At End Of Line". Toledo Blade. November 1, 1978. Retrieved 2010-04-25. [dead link]
  4. ^ Artisans here put skills to work restoring St. Louis train station - The Milwaukee Sentinel - Aug 29, 1985
  5. ^ Trains could return to St. Louis Union Station
  6. ^ List of Recovered Buildings[dead link]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]