St. Margaret's Episcopal Church and Cemetery
||This article relies entirely upon a single source, the National Register Information System (NRIS) database or one of its mirrors. Articles based solely on the NRIS may contain errors. (March 2014)|
St. Margaret's Episcopal Church and Cemetery
St Margaret's completed in 1878, moved to present location in 1880.
6874 Old Church Road, HiberniaGreen Cove Springs, Florida
|Area||1.1 acres (0.45 ha)|
|Architectural style||Carpenter Gothic|
|Governing body||St. Margaret's Episcopal Church|
|NRHP Reference #||73000570|
|Added to NRHP||June 4, 1973|
St. Margaret's Episcopal Church and Cemetery is an historic Carpenter Gothic church and cemetery located at 6874 Old Church Road in Hibernia, on Fleming Island, near Green Cove Springs, Florida, in the United States. On June 4, 1973, the church and its cemetery, which is also known as the Hibernia Cemetery, were added to the National Register of Historic Places.
National Register listing
- St. Margaret's Episcopal Church and Cemetery (added 1973 - Building - #73000570)
- Also known as FMSF CL22; Hibernia Cemetery FMSF CL531
- 6874 Old Church Rd., Hibernia
- Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
- Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
- Architectural Style: Late Gothic Revival
- Area of Significance: Exploration/Settlement, Architecture, Art
- Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825–1849, 1850–1874, 1875–1899, 1900–1924, 1925–1949
- Owner: Private
- Historic Function: Funerary, Religion
- Historic Sub-function: Cemetery, Religious Structure
- Current Function: Funerary, Religion
- Current Sub-function: Cemetery, Religious Structure
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
The old chapel is among the 5 oldest wooden churches still standing and in use in Florida.
There is some irony with this chapel/church. Margaret Fleming financed the building of this church. She died shortly before its completion in 1878 and the first service in it was her funeral, just before the construction was completed.
Her Father-in-Law, George Fleming (1760–1821) immigrated from Ireland and settled in the late 18th century on what is now referred to as Fleming Island, just south of Orange Park and Jacksonville, FL. (And across the St. Johns River from the Bartram Trail). He and his wife (Sophia Fatio) tended orange groves and other crops on their plantation. George Fleming named his island plantation Hibernia, the Latin word for Ireland, in honor of his island home country. The 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) island property was gained by a land grant from the Spanish.
The land had previously be cleared and planted, but had been abandoned. The property was on the west bank of the St. Johns River and was therefore in what was called “Indian Florida”. Land to the east of the river was called “Spanish Florida”.
George Fleming’s grave is the oldest grave recorded in the church cemetery.
The elder Fleming left the plantation to his son Lewis. Lewis married Augustina Cortes, descendant of Spanish explorer Hernando Cortes. Augustina died during childbirth in 1832 leaving Lewis alone to raise their three children.
Lewis married Margaret Seton in 1837. She was a devout Episcopalian. They built a plantation home in 1845 that became known as the "Great House" (previous homes had been burned by local Indians).
After Lewis' death in 1862, Margaret was the overseer of the plantation. During the civil war, Union Officer Guy Henry forced Margaret and the children to vacate the "Great House". After the war, Margaret returned to the Great House and continued to oversee the plantation. To supplement revenues for the suffering plantation, Margaret opened her home as a bed and breakfast to the tourists that traveled the St. Johns River.
Margaret would educate and teach scripture to her slaves and plantation workers in the sitting room of the Great House. As her congregation grew, Margaret needed more space, thus began construction of the chapel in 1875.
Margaret died in 1878 just before the chapel was complete. The first ceremony held in the yet unfinished chapel was Margaret's funeral service. In 1880, the church was moved to its current location, only a few feet from where Lewis and Margaret are buried.
In 2005, St. Margaret's Parish dedicated a new 450-seat church building near the old building. Due to changes in church leadership and a steadily declining membership, St. Margaret's Church closed its doors in the Spring of 2012. The chapel sits empty and the main church is being leased by another denomination.
- St. Margaret's Episcopal Church Hibernia website
- List of burials in St. Margaret;s Cemetery
- Clay County listings at National Register of Historic Places
- Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs