St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia

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Map highlighting St. Margarets Bay.
This article is about the water body. See St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia (administrative district) for the article about the administrative district.

St. Margarets Bay is a Canadian bay located on the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia on the border of the Halifax Regional Municipality and Lunenburg County .

Description[edit]

Opening south directly onto the Atlantic, its eastern shore is formed by the Chebucto Peninsula and its western shore by the Aspotogan Peninsula, while the head of the bay (the northern shore) is the main part of the Nova Scotia peninsula.

The bay's shores are mostly rocky, although the head of the bay offers several sandy beaches at Queensland, Black Point and Cleveland; another sandy beach exists on the western shore of the bay at Bayswater; and there is a small sandy beach on eastern shore on Micou's Island. St. Margarets Bay is a cruising destination for sailing yachts and its picturesque shorelines offer protection in many natural harbours, as well as anchorages in coves and near small islands.

Communities[edit]

St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia is located in Nova Scotia
St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia
Location of St. Margarets Bay in Nova Scotia

Eastern Shore[edit]

Along the Chebucto Peninsula (from south to north):

Northern Shore[edit]

Along the head of the bay (from east to west):

Western Shore[edit]

Along the Aspotogan Peninsula (from north to south):

Islands[edit]

St. Margarets Bay contains numerous islands, particularly along its eastern shore. These islands were historically used by the Mi'kmaq Nation and some contain burial sites.

The bay's larger islands are listed below:

Swissair 111[edit]

Swissair 111 Memorial, Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia

The Swissair Flight 111 Memorial is located at The Whalesback, a promontory approximately 1 km northwest of Peggys Cove. It is one of two memorials built to commemorate the victims of the Swissair Flight 111 disaster, which crashed into St. Margarets Bay on 2 September 1998. The crash site is roughly equidistant between the Whalesback Memorial and another memorial at Bayswater, Nova Scotia, located on the Aspotogan Peninsula on the western shore of the bay, opposite Peggys Cove.

The monument reads in English and French: "In memory of the 229 men, women and children aboard Swissair Flight 111 who perished off these shores September 2nd, 1998. They have been joined to the sea, and the sky. May they rest in peace."

The site of the crash and the two monuments form a triangle. The three notches on the monument at Whalesback represent the numerals 111. The sight line from the three grooves in the stone points to the crash site; while the markings on the facing stone point to the memorial at Bayswater. The memorial wall at Bayswater contains the names of the 229 passengers and crew of flight 111. The facing stone points to the crash site.

War Plan Red[edit]

In the period between World War I and World War 2 the US military drew up a series of Colour Coded War Plans based on likely global threats. War Plan Red denoted a planned attack against the British Empire and by extension War Plan Crimson which called for an invasion of Canada. The plan involved an attack on many fronts starting with a seabourne invasion of Halifax and the maritimes via St.Margarets Bay.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Nautical chart #4386 St. Margarets Bay, published by Canadian Hydrographic Service, 2004 Coordinates: 44°35′N 64°00′W / 44.583°N 64.000°W / 44.583; -64.000 (St. Margarets Bay)