St. Martin Island Light
|St. Martin Island Light USCG Archive|
|Location||St. Martin Island Lake Michigan|
|Year first constructed||1905|
|Year first lit||1905|
|Markings / pattern||white with black lantern|
|Height||75 ft (23 m)|
|Focal height||81 feet (25 m)|
|Original lens||occulting 4th Order Fresnel illuminated by a 24,000 candlepower incandescent oil vapor lamp. Rotating red and white flash panels.|
|Current lens||7.5-inch (190 mm) Tideland Signal acrylic lens|
|Range||18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)|
|Characteristic||Al W R 10s: W fl 5s ec.; R fl 5s ec. Light visible from 135° to 355°, dark sector covering island.|
St. Martin Island Light Station
|Nearest city||Fairport, Michigan|
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha)|
|Governing body||COAST GUARD|
|MPS||U.S. Coast Guard Lighthouses and Light Stations on the Great Lakes TR|
|NRHP Reference #||84001387|
|Added to NRHP||July 19, 1984|
St. Martin Island Light is a unique exoskeleton lighthouse that marks one of four passages between Lake Michigan and the bay of Green Bay. Constructed in 1905, this light tower is the only example in the United States of a pure exoskeletal tower on the Great Lakes. Similar designs do exist in Canada, however. Painted white, the hexagonal tower is made of iron plates which are supported by six exterior steel posts that have latticed buttresses.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 19, 1984, Reference #84001387 as St. Martin Light Station (U.S. Coast Guard/ Great Lakes TR). It is not on the state list/inventory. A steam fog signal was also installed. which was thereafter replaced by a diaphone.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- Pepper, Terry, Seeing the Light, St. Martin Island Lighthouse.
- Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, St. Martin Island Light.
- Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard.
- "Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, St. Martin Island (Lake Michigan) Light ARLHS USA-802".
- "Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, World List of Lights.".
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Wobser, David, St. Martin Island Light, boatnerd.com.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Upper Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Lighthouse Depot, St. Martin Island Light.
- National Park Service Maritime History Project, Michigan Lighthouses, Inventory of Historic Light Stations, St. Martin Island Light
- Saint Martin Island Light Station, Michigan Historic Sites Online,
- Little Traverse Bay Band of the Odawa Indian Nation.
- Detroit News, Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses, which fails to list St. Martin Island Light.
- Interactive map of Lights in Northern Lake Michigan, mapped by Google.
- Map of Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format.
- Map of lighthouses in western Lake Michigan.