St. Mary's Church, Hadlow
|St. Mary's, Hadlow|
St. Mary's, Hadlow
|OS grid reference||TQ 6343 4971|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade II* listed|
|Designated||20 October 1954|
|Number of spires||1|
|Vicar(s)||Rev. Gwen Smith|
|Curate(s)||Ref Clifford Stocking|
The first record of a church in Hadlow was in 975. This church would probably have been a wooden building. In 1018, the early church was replaced by a building of stone. In the 12th century, the church was rebuilt and extended by Richard de Clare, then lord of the Manor of Hadlow. De Clare granted the church to the Knights Hospitallers in 1166. The Knights Hospitallers later had a preceptory at nearby West Peckham, which was their local administrative base. From the Norman Conquest until the 18th century, Hadlow did not have a resident Lord of the Manor, being held under Tonbridge Castle. It is thought that the tower was raised and the spire added in the 15th century. Little money was spent on the maintenance of the church, although some 15th- and 16th-century bequests are recorded. Thomas Walter, Yeoman bequeathed 20s in 1448 "To make a window on the north side of the church by the altar of Our Lady". John Tatlyngbery bequeathed 10 marks "For repair of the great door of the church". In 1456, Richard Bealde bequeathed 13s 4d "For repair of the tower of Hadlow church". In 1461, Dionysia Ippenbury left 3d for masses to be said each year for 12 years. In 1465, William Palle, yeoman left a cow to the church. It was to be sold and "the profits therefrom to be devoted to the maintenance of a lamp in the chancel". On 1509, Thomas Fisher, yeoman bequeathed £20 "for making a new rood loft". The rood screen may not have been in existence long, although it was mentioned in bequests dated 1510 and 1513. The church remained under the ownership of the Knights Hospitallers until 1540, when the order was dissolved by Henry VIII. In 1533, Henry Fane left two chalices valued at £4.
The west door is inscribed "WB 1637 ES". The tower and steeple were repaired in that year. The churchwardens were Walter Barton and Essau Simmons. In 1791, the clock was installed in the tower. It was made by John Thwaites of Clerkenwell. At the beginning of the 19th century, the church was in disrepair. In 1847, the chancel was rebuilt and the vestry added. In 1853, the south porch was blocked up. The north aisle was added in this year at a cost of £470, which was raised by public subscription. A private gallery was erected by Walter Barton May, owner of Hadlow Castle. This had its own private access and was located at the west end of the nave. In 1885, an altar reredos was erected to the memory of Sir William Yardley and his wife Amelia. Yardley was a former judge in the High Court of Bombay, India. In 1936, the gallery was removed. Work on the doorway at the west of the church in 1936 exposed some small crosses carved in the stonework. These are attributed to Nicholas de Hadloe and his son, who lived at Hadlow Place. They were carved to commemorate their safe return from the Third Crusade in 1189. St. Mary's was listed on 20 October 1954. It is currently Grade II* listed.
St Mary's is mostly constructed from ragstone, with some ashlar detail and quoins of Tunbridge Wells sandstone. The church is built in the Early English and Decorated style. The chancel roof is of slate, while the nave and aisle roofs are tiled. The spire is covered in shingles. The stained glass windows date from the 19th and 20th centuries, the most recent of which is "The Visitation" created by Francis Skeat in 1956.
The Coverdale Chair
In 1919, the Coverdale Chair was presented to St Mary's by T E Foster MacGeagh of Hadlow Castle. The chair is so-named because it was owned by Miles Coverdale, Bishop of Exeter, who made the first translation of the Bible into English. In 1954, the chair was transferred to Rochester Cathedral, but it was returned to St. Mary's in 1967.
St Mary's has a ring of eight bells, hung for change ringing. The treble and 2nd were inscribed "Pack & Chapman of London Fecit 1775". They were recast in 1994 by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, London. At this time, the third was welded and the frame renewed. The third is inscribed "Iames Bartlett Me Fecit 1696". The fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh are inscribed "Iames Bartlett Me Fecit 1695", and the tenor is inscribed "Henry Barton Edmond Norman Ch Wardens Andrew Reany Vicar 1695 Iames Bartlett Me Fecit".
The organ at the church was presented as a gift by Ernest Hargreaves in 1889 and was built by Alfred Monk of Camden in 1880. It has 35 speaking stops on three manuals and pedal including principal stops, reed stops, flute stops, string stops and a 32 ft contrabass stop. The organ went through major restoration in 1975; carried out by Hill, Norman and Beard. During the restoration, it was suggested that the instrument should be replaced by an electric, this advice was not followed. The Victorian background of the organ is clearly desplayed by the (later added) chamber surrounding it. The instrument is one of the largest village church organs in the south-east.
Many memorials in St Mary's were destroyed in the rebuilding of the church between 1847 and 1853. A brass commemorating John Stoke, vicar (d. 1370) was in existence in 1900, but has since disappeared. Other memorials were to Sir Ralph Colcoff, vicar (d. 1514) and Dame Elizabeth Gossand, wife of Henry Fane.
Surviving memorials are to Thomas Barton of Goldhill (d. 1662) and Thomas May (d. 1714), both ancestors of the builders of Hadlow Castle. Several tablets in St. Mary's are to various members of the Moneypenny family. Four generations of this family served as vicars between 1797 and 1952. There is a memorial to Sir John Rivers, former Lord Mayor and Sheriff of London, who was a lay rector at St. Mary's, and his wife Joan. Rivers died in 1584, his wife in 1618.
In the churchyard, there is a memorial in the shape of an oast house to 30 hop-pickers who were killed in the Hartlake disaster, an accident while crossing the flood-swollen River Medway at Hartlake Bridge on 20 October 1853. The monument is a Grade II listed building.
- "Contacts". St Mary's Church. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Dumbreck 1983, p. 1.
- Dumbreck 1983, p. 2.
- Thirsk 2007, p. 67.
- Dumbreck 1983, p. 3.
- Thirsk 2007, p. 68.
- Dumbreck 1983, p. 4.
- "The Church". Hadlow Parish Council. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- "CHURCH OF ST MARY, CHURCH STREET, HADLOW, TONBRIDGE AND MALLING, KENT". English Heritage. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Eberhard, Robert (October 2009). "Stained Glass Windows at St. Mary, Hadlow". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- Dumbreck 1968, p. 6.
- "HADLOW, St Mary". Love's Guide. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Dumbreck 1983, p. 5.
- Thirsk 2007, p. 51.
- "Hop Pickers Memorial". St Mary's, Hadlow. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- "HOPPERS MEMORIAL APPROXIMATELY 20 METRES EAST SOUTH EAST OF THE CHANCEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY, CHURCH STREET, HADLOW, TONBRIDGE AND MALLING, KENT". English Heritage. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Dumbreck, William Vincent (1983). A short history of St. Mary's, Hadlow. Hadlow: St Mary's Church.
- Thirsk, Joan (2007). Hadlow, Life, Land & People in a Wealden Parish. Canterury: Kent Archaeological Society. ISBN 978-0-906746-70-7.