St. Mary's College of Maryland

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St. Mary's College of Maryland
Smcm-seal.png
Established 1840; 174 years ago (1840)
Type Public coeducational liberal arts college[1][2]
Endowment U.S. $30.3 million
President Dr. Tuajuanda Jordan
Academic staff 231
Undergraduates 1,901[2]
Postgraduates 32[2]
Location St. Mary's City[2], Maryland, United States
38°11′12″N 76°25′51″W / 38.18666°N 76.43094°W / 38.18666; -76.43094Coordinates: 38°11′12″N 76°25′51″W / 38.18666°N 76.43094°W / 38.18666; -76.43094
Campus Rural, waterfront on St. Mary's River, near the Chesapeake Bay, 319 acres (approximately 1.3 km²), Located on site of first Maryland Colony, St. Mary's City, Maryland
Former names  • St. Mary's Female Seminary (1840 - 1927)
 • St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College (1927–1949)
 • St. Mary's Seminary Junior College (1949–1968)
Colors Blue, gold and white
              
Athletics NCAA Division III
13 Varsity Teams, ICSA (Intercollegiate Sailing Association.)
Nickname Seahawks (sports, students and alumni); "The monument school" (the school itself)
Affiliations MAISA
Website smcm.edu

St. Mary's College of Maryland, established in 1840, is an American public,[1][3][4] secular (non-religious) and co-educational four-year liberal arts college[1] located in St. Mary's City, Maryland.[2]

It is a public honors college,[4] and is one of only two colleges with this designation in the United States.[5] With about 2,000 enrolled students, the institution offers bachelor's degrees in 24 disciplines.[2] as well as a master's program and numerous certification programs.[6]

The college is located in St. Mary's City, Maryland[1][2] and shares much of its campus with Historic St. Mary's City, the site of Maryland's first colony and first capital. It is also the site of the fourth colony in British North America.

St. Mary's City is also considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America[7][8][9] because of the unique mandates establishing and governing the British colony that once stood there,[9][10] requiring religious tolerance.[9][11]

The internationally recognized Historic Archeology Field School[12][13] is jointly operated by St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City.[12][13] The campus and the rest of St. Mary's City combined are considered to be one of the premier archaeological sites in the United States.[12]

Calvert Hall, St. Mary's College of Maryland, the public honors college.

Contents

National rankings[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College as "5th" in the nation under the category "Top Public Schools" in the "Colleges" ranking (5th in the nation for Public Colleges).[14]

In the same report, St. Marys College of Maryland was ranked 4th in the nation[15] under the category "Best Colleges for Veterans".[14]

School's role in researching and interpreting Maryland's founding history[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland offers over 31 different undergraduate degrees and minors, and it has a masters program in education.

However, in addition to this, the school is also charged with researching, interpreting and memorializing Maryland history at the site of Maryland's first colony and capitol, St. Mary's City, Maryland, which is also where the college is located.

Historic Archeology Field School[edit]

In this capacity St. Mary's College of Maryland, in partnership with Historic St. Mary's City, also runs the Historic Archeology Field School which is an internationally recognized institution. The field school has worked on over 300 archeological dig sites in the St. Mary's City area over the last 40 years.

Special areas of archeological research and historical study[edit]

In its special role as a historical and archeological research institution charged with studying the founding history of Maryland, and charged by the State of Maryland with researching the history of the emergence of Democracy in Maryland, St. Mary's College of Maryland studies the following historic events that occurred in the area of St. Mary's City, Maryland and the periods in which they occurred.

This includes a special focus on historical events related to the struggle for establishment of democracy in Maryland, in all its aspects, including:

  • The early development of representative legislature in Maryland
  • The historic struggle for the establishment of religious freedom in America .
  • The historic beginnings of the quest for Women's suffrage in America
  • The historic struggle for minority rights in America
  • The beginnings of freedom of the press in the Northern colonies

History[edit]

In its special research capacity, the school also researches and studies the following historic events and periods as they relate to the local area:

Background[edit]

Colonial setting[edit]

Seventeenth century[edit]

The first Lord Baltimore, George Calvert, a Catholic during a time of persecution of Catholics who won the original grant for the Maryland Colony and who also envisioned it as a place of religious tolerance.[16]
Small painted icon, dating to between circa 1615 and circa 1620, Walters Museum, Baltimore.

St. Mary's College of Maryland is located on the original site of Maryland's first colony, St. Mary's City,[13] which was also the first capital of Maryland[17] and is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America.[9][18]

Colonial St. Mary's City was actually only a town and at its peak had between 500 and 600 residents. However as the colony quickly expanded and settlements spread throughout the Eastern part of what is now Maryland, the town remained the capitol and representatives would travel from all over the colony to participate in the Maryland General Assembly, the colony's first legislative body.

The Colony was founded under a mandate by the colonial proprietor, Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore of England, that the new settlers engage in religious tolerance of each other.[19][9][20] The first settlers were both Protestant and Catholic during a time of persecution of Catholics.[20] This mandate was unprecedented at the time, as England had been wracked by religious conflict for centuries.

Original Native American village[edit]

St. Mary's College, in partnership with Historic St. Mary's City, was able to put together the following events through a combination or archeological and historic research.

In 1634, at the time of the arrival of the first colonists, there was a Native American village on the site that was a part of the Yaocomico branch of the Piscataway Indian Nation.[21][22] Archeological research shows the presence of native peoples in the area going back more than 10,000 years.[23]

When the colonists first came ashore, the paramount chief of the Yaocomico was already well aware of Europeans due to earlier contact with explorers and traders, as well as news from Virginia tribes that were already co-existing with British colonial settlements. The chief was keen to establish trade with the English and he was also in the process of relocating his people due to war with another tribe. Soon after the new colonists arrived in what is now St. Mary's City, he ordered the Indian village cleared and he sold it to the settlers.[22][24]

The colonists initially lived in Indian longhouses from the prior village, along with some remaining Yaocomico people who had stayed behind to help them. During this period, the Yaocomico taught the colonists how to survive in Maryland's challenging environment. [25] The chief also later put his daughter, the Piscataway Indian princess, Mary Kittamaquund,[26] under the guardianship of a prominent colonist, Margaret Brent,[27] so that Mary could learn English ways and become a bridge and a translator between the two cultures. Her English first name was given to her by the colonists.

1640s: first law requiring religious tolerance[edit]

George Calvert's second son, Leonard Calvert led Maryland's first settlers to what would become St. Mary's City, which is now the site of St. Mary's College of Maryland. There they established the first Maryland colony.
He also became its first governor and the job of leading the new colony through various trials and tribulations fell on his shoulders.
Painted by Florence MacKubin in 1914.

In early St. Mary's City the young colony endured much struggle, including periods of violent religious conflict [28] between Protestants and Catholics,[28] in spite of Lord Baltimore's mandate of tolerance,[20][29] as well as disease and the establishment of slavery.[30] Nevertheless, after a time of religious fighting, the residents of St. Mary's City were finally able to establish peace between religious groups for more than 40 years under the Maryland Toleration Act,[17] the first law mandating religious freedom and religious tolerance for people of all Christian faiths, which was conceived, written and ratified by the Maryland Assembly in St. Mary's City.

1641: Possibly first person of African heritage to be elected to a legislative assembly in North America[edit]

Mathias Da Sousa was an indentured servant in early St. Mary's City,[31][32] possibly of African and Portuguese heritage,[33] who gained his freedom and established himself as a trader and a mariner in the colony.[34] He was elected to the Maryland Assembly in St. Mary's City, the colony's first legislative body.[35] He traded primarily with the Piscataway Indian nation and also worked as a sailor for the colonial leadership.[36]

1648: first woman petitions for the right to vote in America[edit]

Margaret Brent, a business-savvy and quite successful Catholic settler in St. Mary's City at the time,[28][29] petitioned for the right to vote in the Maryland Assembly[28][29] (also in St. Mary's City, the new colonial capitol).[28][29] This was an unheard of request for a Woman of that era and made Brent very possibly the first woman in America to demand the right to vote.[20][29] However the Maryland colonial Assembly denied her request.[17][20][29]

In the male-dominated frontier environment of the colonies,[20][28] far away from the courts of England, Brent was also forced to defend her legal right to manage her own estate before the Maryland Assembly. She won, making her the first woman in English North America to stand for herself in a court of law and before an assembly. She also would eventually demand the right to vote.[20][28][29]

Brent also served as an attorney before the colonial court,[28][29] mostly representing women of the colony.[29] She is considered to have been very legally astute.[28][29] Surviving records indicate that she pleaded at least 134 cases.[29] Although she did not explicitly campaign for women's rights in general,[20] she is credited for having done so implicitly.[29]

Margaret Brent making her case to the Maryland Assembly in St. Mary's City, Maryland in 1648.
1934 black and white painting by Edwin Tunis.

1690s: renewed persecution of Catholics[edit]

After four decades of peace between Protestants and Catholics, new religious conflict erupted and the Catholic colony leadership was overthrown.[17][37] Catholics lost the right to vote[38] and were prevented from worshiping in public[38][39] (prohibitions that lasted in Maryland for nearly a century, until the late 1700s)[39][40] and the new Protestant leadership moved the capitol to Annapolis.[13][17]

Abandonment of St. Mary's City[edit]

With the capitol moved and widespread persecution of the Catholic community,[38] St. Mary's City was abandoned[13][41] and became a ghost town,[41] except for use as farm land.[13]

Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries[edit]

1700-1864: Antebellum plantation period[edit]

St. Mary's College, in partnership with Historic St. Mary's City, is engaged in a special project researching the following events and the historic setting in which they occurred:

Entrenchment[edit]

During the 1700s the institution of slavery grew massively in Maryland[30] and became more and more legally entrenched.[30] By the late 1600s there had been about 1,000 slaves in all the different settlements of the Maryland colony combined, but during the first 75 years of the 1700s, the number of enslaved people increased to nearly 100,000, and kept growing.[30]

Over time, the farms in St. Mary's City were consolidated into a large antebellum slave plantation which lasted for more than 150 years until the Civil War.[42] The plantation changed hands a few times, but continued to grow until it reached over 1,715 acres in size.[42] Enslaved African American's became the largest population in St. Mary's City.[42] Records show that slaves on the plantation were bought and sold which would certainly have broken up families.[42] Ruins and archeological research in the area has shown that slaves lived in poorly insulated huts, enduring the extremes of Maryland weather with little comfort or protection. Typically 5 or 6 people lived in 15 foot by 17 foot huts.[43] The plantation system also caused greater poverty among less advantaged free people in the area,[44][45] because the labor market was always depressed due to competition with slave labor.[44][45] Power and wealth therefore proceeded to be concentrated in fewer and fewer hands,[45][46] and the impoverished classes grew in St. Mary's County.[44] Harsh anti-Catholic laws also created barriers for the county's Catholic population.[47] A pattern was established of rural poverty in the county among the non-landed free population.[44]

Maryland penal codes (anti-Catholic laws)[edit]

From 1700 until the 1820s, numerous laws were put in place to "penalize" Catholics for practicing their faith, hence they were called the "penal codes".[39] Catholics were denied the right to vote in Maryland through most of the 1700s.[39][48][49] When anyone in Maryland was sworn into a position of public trust, they were also required to renounce the Catholic church while being sworn in.[48] This was in order to prevent any Catholic person from secretly gaining a position of power. There were also periods where laws denied Catholics the right to purchase or inherit land in Maryland. Catholics were also not allowed to start their own schools.[39] Wealthy Catholics would secretly send their children abroad to get religious education, but to discourage this, Maryland laws were passed fining parents who did this.[50] In order to discourage further importation of Irish indentured servants, who were largely Catholic, a prohibitive tax was imposed to try to prevent bringing any more of them to Maryland.[48] Many Catholics hid their faith and worshiped in secret. Others converted to Protestantism or left the state.

Even after legal restrictions eased in the 1820s, hostility towards Catholics and religious tensions continued in Maryland until the first half of the 20th Century.[48]

School founding[edit]

John Pendleton Kennedy[edit]

John Pendleton Kennedy, politician, author. 1850 photograph.

In 1838, John Pendleton Kennedy, a Maryland author and politician who was a proponent of religious freedom and religious tolerance,[48][51][52] as well as eventually being an opponent of slavery[53][54] (although also criticized in later times for expressing some idyllic stereotypes about Southern plantation life, nevertheless), wrote a book entitled "Rob of the Bowl",[17][55] which was a work of historical fiction that has set in colonial St. Mary's City, Maryland, and was a drama set against the backdrop of the struggle for religious freedom that occurred there.[56][57] The book sparked discussions of the state's history that drew wide attention in Maryland at the time.[57] Kennedy then tapped the increased public interest to campaign for erecting a monument to the memory of religious tolerance in St. Mary's City.

Later on John Pendleton Kennedy was proposed as a vice-presidential running mate to Abraham Lincoln when Lincoln first sought the Presidency of the United States,[58] although Pendleton was ultimately not selected. Pendleton became a forceful supporter of the Union during the Civil War, and he supported the passage of the Emancipation Proclamation.[59] And then later, since the proclamation did not free Maryland slaves because the state was not in the confederacy,[60] he helped to lead the effort to push for legislation in Maryland that ultimately ended slavery there in 1864.[53][59]

1839: school established as "living monument to religious freedom"[edit]

Portrait of Theodora Anderson, a student at St. Mary's Female Seminary in the early 1850s.[61]

Students came to the school from all over the state of Maryland.

Religious tensions continued to haunt St. Mary's County and Maryland as a whole in the 1800s, and in response to Kennedy's call for a monument,[57] three prominent St. Mary's County residents called for the establishment of a new school in St. Mary's City which would instead be a "Living monument to religious freedom".[57]

They quickly won Kennedy's support and together they lobbied the Maryland State legislature. The legislature voted to create, fund and designate a nondenominational [62] school in St. Mary's City as a "Living monument to religious freedom".[62] This was a milestone at the time, because only some ten years earlier had the last of Maryland's notorious anti-Catholic "penal codes" been revoked.

Thus the nondenominational "St. Mary's seminary" was born,[17][62] named after the original colonial settlement, now only ruins in the same place where the school was founded.[62] That school would eventually become St. Mary's College of Maryland.[63] The school began as boarding school that included the elementary grades as well as grades 9 through 12.[57] Occasionally boys from the neighboring areas were allowed to take classes as well.[57] A few years later the word "Female" was added to the schools name.[17]

The state sponsored a lottery to raise money for the new school,[64] designating local trustees to administer it,[65] they raised about $18,000[66] and then purchased land in St. Mary's City from Trinity Church[67] for the school's sole use,[68] and soon commenced construction.[69]

State of Maryland Historic Monument sign, memorializing the "act of the Maryland State Legislature of 1839" ordering the "establishment of St. Mary's Female Seminary (now St. Mary's College) as a 'Living monument to the birthplace of the state and of religious liberty.'" Today the school is coed (male and female students attend).

The Monument School[edit]

Due to it's designation as a living monument to religious freedom and the founding of the Maryland colony, the school's nickname quickly became The Monument School, and has remained so through to the present. Within a few years the state also required equal representation of all three of the state's major religions on the school's board of trustees.

1861-1865: Civil War[edit]

Historic St. Mary's City, in partnership with St. Mary's College, was able to put together the following events through a combination of archeological and historic research:

Union troops in St. Mary's City[edit]

The school was not a part of the plantation in St. Mary's City, but these events occurred next door to the school, sometimes within sight of classroom or dorm windows. Students and faculty of the time were witnesses to some of the local history of this era, literally watching the historic struggle and eventually, the resulting expansion of human rights, visible out the windows of the school.

During the Civil War, Union troops occupied St. Mary's County, which like a large part of Maryland at the time, had Southern sympathies.[70] Piers and wharfs in St. Mary's County were burned by Union forces in order to stop trade with the confederacy which was only across the Potomac River.[70] Brome's Wharf in St. Mary's City was also burned, as it was a part of what was by then the Brome-Howard Plantation, owned by Doctor Brome, a slave-owner and a likely confederate sympathizer. There is archeological evidence that the Union Army may have occupied the plantation for some time.[70] Records show that Brome later complained that Union troops had damaged his piano while ransacking the main plantation house.

Records show that one quarter of of the 66 people living under slavery at Doctor Brome's plantation in St. Mary's City escaped during the Civil War[71] and at least two of them then joined the Union Army.[71] Even before slavery was legally abolished, the Union Army had a policy allowing enslaved men to gain their freedom if they became Union soldiers.[71]

Distinguished military service of African American soldiers from St. Mary's City[edit]

Medal issued for valor in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm (also known as the "Battle of New Market Heights") to members of the 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment[72] in which Alexander Gough,[73] William Gross,[74] William H. Barnes and James H. Harris served.
It was the specific actions of the 38th USCT in this battle[75][76] that inspired Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler to order the creation of this medal.[77][78]
Barnes and Harris also won the Medal of Honor.
Circa 1865 - Smithsonian Museum of American History

St. Mary's College, in partnership with Historic St. Mary's City, has been engaged in a special research project related to the Civil War service of these men:

Two men who had escaped slavery in the nearby plantation in St. Mary's City, Alexander Gough[70] and William Gross,[70] joined the famed[79] 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment[70][71] of the Union Army,[70] which won unit citations[80] for valor in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm (also known as the "Battle of New Market Heights") in the American Civil War.[81] Gough is known to have survived the war and lived the rest of his life in Baltimore.[71] Two other African American men from the area, William H. Barnes and James H. Harris both from Great Mills (which is just to the North of St. Mary's City), who had been free tenant farmers before the war, also served in the same regiment. Harris and Barnes each won the Medal of Honor for their actions in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm. There is evidence suggesting that additional slaves from the Brome plantation fought in the war as well.[70] In total, over 700 African Americans from St. Mary's County served in the Union Army during the Civil War.[82]

The United States Colored Troops Memorial Statue, 7 miles to the North of St. Mary's College in Lexington Park, Maryland, honors and memorializes African American soldiers from St. Mary's County, including the men of the 38th United States Colored Troops Regiment, who served as soldiers or sailors in the Union cause during the American Civil War. An educational plaque at the site specifically mentions Barnes and Harris and how they won the medal of honor.

John Pendleton Kennedy helps lead political campaign for emancipation in Maryland[edit]

Because Maryland was not in the confederacy, the emancipation proclamation did not apply to the state and slavery continued there.[60] Unlike the confederate states, President Lincoln was afraid to emancipate Maryland because he was concerned that would cause it to leave the Union and join the Confederacy, this is why he did not include Maryland in the Emancipation Proclamation. Only the state itself could end slavery at this point,[60] and this was not a certain outcome at all,[60] as Maryland was a slave state with strong confederate sympathies.[60] John Pendleton Kennedy and other antislavery leaders therefore organized a political gathering—On December 16, 1863, a special meeting of the Central Committee of the Union Party of Maryland was called on the issue of slavery in the state[53] (The Union Party was a powerful political party in the state at the time).

See John Pendleton Kennedy's role in the emancipation effort in Maryland.

Steamboat era[edit]

Students arriving by steamboat at the dock of St. Mary's Seminary in 1900.[83] From the founding of the school until 1933,[84] students traveled to the school each year by steamboat, coming down the Chesapeake Bay from Annapolis and Baltimore.[85][86]

From the founding of the school until 1933, students traveled to the school each year by steamboat,[87] coming down the Chesapeake Bay from Annapolis and Baltimore.[88] This usually meant an overnight trip.[89]

The roads of St. Mary's County were largely unpaved and notoriously treacherous until the 1930s, and so water transportation was the best way to access the county. The school also received it's mail and supplies by boat. Steamboats would pull up to the school dock, just below the old Statehouse grounds, as often as twice a week. For a fee they would also carry students and faculty on outings over to Piney Point, or to Virginia.

By the 1930's, the steamboat service to the school was more of a tradition than a necessity, and it was losing clientele Bay-wide due to the increased usage of automobiles.[90] The main roads leading to the college were also by then paved. So when a storm destroyed the school dock in 1934,[91] the school let go of the steamboat service and transportation to the college was thereafter only by automobile.[92]

Annie Elizabeth Thomas Lilburn-"Miss Lizzie" principle-St. Mary's Female Seminary
Annie Elizabeth Thomas Lilburn, known as "Miss Lizzie" by students, was a principle of the school (1881-1895).[93] 
Student's report card from St. Mary's Female Seminary, circa 1870. 
Students at St. Mary's Female Seminary, late 1800s
St. Mary's Female Seminary, circa 1890.[94] The building was erected for the school by the state of Maryland. Students from all over the state attended the school, many on scholarship or grants. 
Students at St. Mary's Female Seminary in the late 1800s. 
Photo of faculty at St. Mary's Female Seminary, 1898. 

Dance at St. Mary's[edit]

Dance productions and later on, social dances, have been a mainstay of the school's culture and life for over a hundred years.[95] Productions often included elaborate costumes and were prepared for with intensive training.[96] Later on, social dances became the center of social life for the school, often attended by uniformed cadets from Charlotte Hall Military Academy, and starting in the 1940's, young soldiers and sailors from the county's three new military bases.[97]

Students at St. Mary's in an Asian dance production at the school's graduation ceremony in 1902.[98]

St. Mary's College of Maryland archive: "History of Dance at St. Mary's"[99]

In January 2014, the St. Mary's College Archives published an article called the "History of Dance" at St. Mary's".[100] It chronicles 100 years of dance at St. Mary's Seminary and College.[101] The article notes that dance has been central to the school's culture since at least the late 1800s.[102]

Twentieth century[edit]

1926-1966: junior college period[edit]

Mary Adele France, the first President of St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College[103] and also the driving force behind expanding the seminary to college level by 1926.
She was both Principle of St. Mary's Female Seminary and then later its first College President, after its expansion.[103]

Women gaining right to vote results in call to convert seminary to a junior college[edit]

Mary Adele France, the principle of St. Mary's Female Seminary at the time,[103] felt inspired by the fact that Women had just recently gained the right to vote in America.[57] This led her to believe that Women deserved more access to a college education as well.[57] So she petitioned the Maryland State Legislature to convert the school to a two-year junior college. This was necessary, France wrote, in order to ready young women for “an economic place in the world".[57]

The time is past when we educated our daughters for ornaments only [57]

M. Adele France, first President,[103]
St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College, 1926 [57][103]

France then embarked on a determined and ultimately successful lobbying campaign in Annapolis. In 1926, by order of the Maryland Legislature, St. Marys College was expanded to a two year Female Junior College, combined with the last two years of High school (four years total).[57] At that time, the college dropped the 9th and 10th grades, but combined grades 11 and 12 with the first two years of college, making it a four-year institution, although only a "Junior College" at the upper two levels.[57]

The school's new name became the "St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College".[57][103]

In 1949 the school became coeducational and the word "Female" was dropped from the school name.[17][17][104][104]

Four year, liberal arts college (1966-present)[edit]

1966: Campaign to end rural poverty results in expansion, renaming school "St. Mary's College of Maryland"[edit]

General Andrew Goodpaster, former Superintendent of the West Point Military Academy, was very active on the St. Mary's College of Maryland Board of Trustees for many years, having been persuaded to join by then St. Mary's College President Ted Lewis.

Goodpaster was also a decorated veteran of World War II, where he commanded the 48th Engineer Combat Battalion in North Africa and Italy until he was severely wounded. For his service he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star, and two Purple Hearts. He continued in the Army as a desk officer and eventually rose to the highest levels of the United States Military Command.

In retirement he also become a vocal advocate for the elimination of nuclear weapons and the establishment of a permanently nuclear-free world.

A building on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland, Goodpaster Hall, is named after him.

J. Frank Raley, a St. Mary's County politician and advocate for education,[105] had a dream of eliminating the then-deeply entrenched rural poverty in St. Mary's County by greatly enhancing education in the region. He led a campaign to significantly expand all levels of education, by securing numerous capitol programs from the Maryland state Legislature.[106] This also included a campaign by Raley to expand St. Mary's Seminary Junior College into a four-year liberal arts institution.

Raley was also noted for supporting integration of St. Mary's County schools[107] and elimination of racial segregation.[108]

Raley then followed this with years of ongoing, relentless, education-related advocacy on behalf of the county.[109]

After extensive lobbying by Raley and others, the Maryland State legislature ordered St. Mary's Junior College expanded to a four-year liberal arts college in 1966[110] (also dropping the high school grades) and renaming it St. Mary's College of Maryland.

I consider education as the most important of all public problems. For sound progress in any community, [the community] must first develop to the fullest extent, the minds of its children.[111]

J. Frank Raley, Jr., 26 April 1962[112]

By the 1967-68 academic year, the first four-year students began college studies.[113] Building projects to expand the campus and to build a new library began in earnest. The first Bachelor of Arts (BA) degrees were awarded.

School gains prominence in archeology and historical research[edit]

1968: Establishment of St. Mary's City Commission (later named "Historic Mary's City"): The St. Mary's City Commission was charged with archeological and historical research of St. Mary's City and its rich colonial past, as well as its critical roles in the development of democracy in Maryland and North America as a whole. The commission was also charged with developing historic interpretation programs for the general public.

Although a separate institution from he school, over time, St. Mary's College and Historic st. Mary's City became highly interdependent institutions. For 40 years, St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City have jointly operated the internationally recognized Historic Archeology Field School, which is considered one of the top archeology field schools in the nation.

In addition, the two institutions jointly offer year-round classes in hands-on classes in archeology, museum studies, African-American studies, history, and democracy studies.

Denzel Washington Jr. in St. Mary's City[edit]

In 1976 Denzel Washington Jr. played the earliest role of his professional acting career in St. Mary's City in a summer stage theater production[114] when he was 21 years old (he did a two minute appearance in a prior production, but his role in St. Mary's City was very substantial).[115] He played the role of a real historical figure from colonial St. Mary's City, Mathias de Sousa,[116][117][118] who was possibly African-American[119] and if so, was America's first Black legislator.[120]
This affected the course of his career, leading him to take numerous other roles involving historic figures.

Denzel Washington Jr. played the earliest role of his professional acting career in St. Mary's City, Maryland when he was 21 years old (he did a two minute appearance in a prior production, but his role in St. Mary's City was very substantial).[121] During the entire summer season of 1976, he performed in the stage production of "Wings of the Morning"[122][123] a historical play about the founding of the Maryland colony and the beginnings of democracy there. Washington played the role of a real historical figure from colonial St. Mary's City, Mathias de Sousa,[124][125][126] who was possibly of both African and Portuguese heritage[127] and if so, was America's first Black legislator.[128] This was also Denzel Washington's first role playing a real historical character (although the play itself was fictionalized in order to fill gaps in historical information).[129] The experience led Washington to to take on numerous other acting roles involving historic figures.

Influence on Washington's acting career[edit]

This experience had a lasting influence on the course of Washington's acting career, as he later sought out numerous historical roles, including portrayals of Steve Biko, Malcolm X, Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, Herman Boone and Melvin B. Tolson.

Washington also later won an academy award for his role in the film Glory where he played the part of Private Silas Trip, who served in a United States Colored Troops regiment during the American Civil War.

Historic St. Mary's City starts living history program, involving student actors[edit]

This may have had a lasting influence on Historic St. Mary's as well, although they steered away thereafter from endorsing fictionalized historical accounts (with the exception of some work with Shakespearean theater), the commission afterwards secured funding for a living history program, including use of period actors in order to interpret area history to the public.

The living history program has continued in Historic St. Mary's City for over 30 years, involving students from St. Mary's College of Maryland in acting roles that interpret area history.

1980s: national recognition for school as a "prominent Liberal arts college"[edit]

In the 1980s US and News and World Report magazine began to recognize St. Marys College as a prominent and unique liberal arts college in the public sector[130] that was seeking to emulate far more expensive Ivy League colleges[131] while providing such education at far lower public college prices.[132]

Lucile Clifton[edit]

In 1989, former Poet Laureate of Maryland, Lucille Clifton, who was twice nominated for the Pulitzer prize, and also winner of an Emmy Award, joined the faculty at St. Mary's College of Maryland in 1990,[133] thereby becoming one of the school's most prominent faculty members in it's history.[134] She remained on the faculty for more than fifteen years.[135] An installation of plaques with Clifton's poetry are on or near the path around St. John's Pond on the campus,[136] and comprise an outdoor "poetry walk"[137] with a view of the pond[138] and also the St. Mary's River, which Clifton was known to love.

1992: "Public Honors College" designation[edit]

Ted Lewis: Due to the efforts of then St. Mary's College President Ted Lewis, the school was designated by the state of Maryland as a Public Honors College in 1992,[1][139][140] making it one of only two such colleges in the nation at the time.[5]

Lewis was drawn to the school by its goal of developing a public liberal arts college into an institution that could compete academically with elite private colleges. He served as president from 1982 to 1996 and oversaw the largest advancement of the school's standing in its history. The school went on to win numerous top national rankings and became nationally recognized.

Lewis himself had grown up in a blue collar family in Warwick Rhode Island, his father only had an eighth grade education and so Lewis was in the first generation of his family to attend college. Initially he wasn't able to stay engaged with his studies and he dropped out, but later, after a period of military service, he returned to pursuing an education, following through all the way to obtaining a Doctorate degree and then becoming an educator and later a college administrator. He was also a noted and very prolific poet in his younger days.

During his time as president, Lewis oversaw an expansion of the Brent scholars program for first generation college students. He also oversaw a more than doubling of the school's African-American student population from 6% in 1982, to 14% in 1992.[141] During this era, the State Legislature also charged the school with a mission to remain affordable to public education sector students,[140] while offering a Liberal Arts education normally only available at private liberal arts colleges.[140]

Growing pains: The college struggled to meet this cost containment goal, as it had also been required by the state to grow considerably at the same time, across numerous dimensions, in order to fulfill its new role as the state's public honors college.[142] This era also saw steady increases in tuition.[143]

Twenty-first century[edit]

2002: Establishment of the Center for the Study of Democracy at St. Mary's College[edit]

Benjamin C. Bradlee, former Editor in Chief of The Washington Post,[144] active on the advisory board for the Center for the Study of Democracy[145] at St. Mary's College of Maryland.[146] Mr Bradlee also hosts a yearly seminar at the Center,[147] "The Benjamin Bradlee Distinguished Lecture in Journalism",[148] of the role of journalism in the coverage of issues related to democracy.[149]
Bradlee also served on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland for many years.[150]

Because the historic site of the college as been at the center of so many "firsts" in the struggle for democracy in Maryland and North America, the Center for the Study of Democracy was established by St. Mary's College in 2002 to enhance and foster interdisciplinary studies[151][152] of the history of the struggle for the establishment and expansion of democracy in all its forms.[153][151]

The center also studies the application of lessons gleaned from this history to modern day struggles and events.[154]

The center draws on study of the following historic struggles for democracy that occurred in St. Mary's City
  • 1600-1870s: The struggle for religious tolerance (the effort to establish civil law and practices that establish and protect the right of people to practice the faith of their conscience without interference).[155]
  • 1648:The struggle for Women's suffrage (women's right to vote) and equality of opportunity in business, 1642-1649[156]
  • 1863-65:The struggle for minority rights (including freedom from oppression and soon after, the right to vote, first guaranteed to people of all races in Maryland in 1870).[157] 1865-1950s, the struggle for Civil Rights.
  • 1670s: The struggle for freedom of the press (its establishment and attempts to eliminate or curtail it)[158]
  • Issues related to the emergence of new democracy in historic Maryland and the United States[159][151]
Learning from history: application of historical research to modern day issues

The center's mission is to apply lessons[151] and inspiration[160] derived from the area's history[161] to study of the following modern day issues[162][151]--

  • Preservation and furtherance of democracy in the United States and other developed nations[163][151]
  • Inclusion of minorities and women in the democratic process around the world[164]
  • Special focus on issues related to emerging democracies in countries that have never experienced it before.[165]
Ben Cardin, Senator from Maryland and former Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates.
Ben Cardin, Senator from Maryland and former Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates, active advisory board member of the Center For the Study of Democracy. 
William Donald Schaefer
Former Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer was an active advisory board member of the Center For the Study of Democracy for many years. 
Thomas Penfield Jackson
Former U.S. District Court judge Thomas Penfield Jackson, was involved in the founding of the Center for the Study of Democracy, was also active as an advisory board member for many years. 
Anthony Lake, former U.S. National Security Adviser Anthony Lake
Anthony Lake, former U.S. National Security Adviser, was active on the advisory board member of the Center For the Study of Democracy for many years. 

2009-2010: school ranked second in the nation for student Fulbrights among public colleges[edit]

St. Mary's College has had many students and faculty win Fulbright awards.[166][167] In the 2009-2010 academic year, the college had the second highest number of student Fulbright winners of any public liberal arts college in the nation.[167]

2011-2012: school ranked third in the nation for faculty Fulbrights among public and private colleges[edit]

In the 2011-2012 academic year, St. Mary's College of Maryland had the 3rd highest number of faculty Fulbright winners in the United States among nation among public and private baccalaureate colleges (undergraduate colleges).[166]

2014: college ranked "5th in the nation"[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College as "5th" in the nation under the category "Top Public Schools" in the "Colleges" category.[14]

For more detail on the development of the college, see the full timeline of the history of St. Marys College.

Academics (modern day college)[edit]

Goodpaster and Schafer Halls on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. They are named, respectively, after General Andrew J. Goodpaster, the former Superintendent of West Point Military Academy and William Donald Schafer, the former Governor of Maryland. Both men were very involved in the ongoing development of St. Mary's College of Maryland and each served on its Board of Trustees for years.

Public honors college core curriculum[edit]

St. Mary's College is a public honors college.[4][140] It is one of only two such Public Honors Colleges in the United States. As a part of this, it maintains a core honors-level curriculum that all of its students, regardless of major, must complete.

Non-religious and coeducational[edit]

The school is non-religious (secular) and has been since it was started in 1840 (The name St. Mary's commemorates Maryland's first colony, "St. Mary's City", which once stood where the college stands now).

The school has been coeducational (both male and female students) since 1949.

Tuition[edit]

According to the Maryland Higher Education Commission, St. Mary's College of Maryland, despite being a public institution, competes mostly with elite private colleges.[168] The commission reported in 2014 that the cost of obtaining a degree at St. Mary's College is $30,000 less when compared to the average costs of the elite private colleges that it competes with.[169]

Degrees[edit]

Undergraduate degrees[edit]

The college has 31 undergraduate programs that allow a choice of 24 majors,[2] leading to a Bachelor of Arts (BA),[2] and 26 minors.[1]

69% of St. Mary’s students major or minor in a second academic discipline.

Popular degree programs: biology, economics, English, history, political science, psychology.[2]

Graduate study[edit]

The college offers a Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT).[2] including teacher certification[1][2]

Honors organizations[edit]

Graduation rates[edit]

Freedom of conscience statue on the campus of St. Mary's College. Completed in 1934 for the 300th anniversary of the founding of the Maryland colony and the birth of religious freedom in America.

81% overall gradation rate (including longer than four years)[2]

70% four-year graduation rate,[2] highest of any public institution in Maryland[2] and third highest in the United States among public colleges.[179]
(69% of students pursue dual concurrent degrees or dual minors, which may take longer than four years, in some cases).

10% transfer out rate (students who transfer out of St. Mary's to other undergrad schools)[2]

First year retention rate[edit]

87% of students enroll for a second year[2]

Financial aid[edit]

79% of students are receiving financial aid[2]

66% of students are receiving grants or scholarships.[2]

Institutional honors society membership[edit]

The school is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.[175]

Overseas programs[edit]

The Institute of International Education has recognized St. Mary's College of Maryland as being 17th in the nation (public and private schools combined) for the percentage of its undergraduate students who study abroad for at least one semester.[180]

An unusual feature of St. Marys College is that a large majority of its students spend one semester overseas before graduating.[180] In 2012, 79% of the graduating class had spent a semester overseas.[180]

Fulbright program[edit]

Student Fulbrights: second in the nation among public colleges[edit]

St. Mary's College has had many students and faculty win Fulbright awards.[166][167] In the 2009-2010 academic year, the college had the second highest number of student Fulbright winners of any public liberal arts college in the nation.[167]

Faculty Fulbrights: third in the nation among public and private colleges[edit]

In the 2011-2012 academic year, it had the 3rd highest number of faculty Fulbright winners in the United States among nation among public and private baccalaureate colleges (undergraduate colleges).[166]

Music program[edit]

For four years in a row, the Fiske Guide to Colleges has ranked St. Mary's College of Maryland as one of the best small universities/colleges in the U.S. for music study. St. Mary's College of Maryland is the only public liberal arts college listed.

Leadership development programs[edit]

There are many opportunities for leadership development on campus, including positions as a resident assistant (RA), as an orientation leader (OL), on the school's student Judicial Board, as a Multicultural Academic Peer Program (MAPP) mentor, within the active Student Government Association (SGA), and among the various programs boards.

General student services[edit]

  • Academic counseling service[2]
  • Career counseling service[181]
  • Employment search services for students[182]
  • Navigator programs,[183] in all departments (guidance, support and advocacy in staying on track academically)
  • Emerging Scholars Programs (ESP)s in science, technology, engineering, math and computer science[183]
  • Psychological counseling and life counseling (confidential, available through health center)
  • Support groups (confidential, sponsored by health center)
  • St. Mary's College Office of Financial Aid, assistance in accessing financial assistance for tuition and living expenses

Disabled students[edit]

The school also has an office of disability services.[184]

Programs for minority and economically disadvantaged students[edit]

Prince George's Hall, campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.
  • Office of Student Development [185] provides support and advocacy for minority and economically disadvantaged students.[185]
  • Multicultural Achievement Peer Program (MAPP) [185] peer support for minority and other multicultural students [185]
  • H. Thomas Waring Scholarship Fund [186]
  • DeSousa-Brent Scholars Program, for any of the following: economically disadvantaged students, minority students, or first generation-in-family attending college (by generation, not just individuals: siblings may apply)[187][188]
  • Access Student Ambassadors [185] outreach to top minority students in Maryland high schools [185]
  • St. Mary's College Office of Financial Aid, assistance in accessing many minority and need-based scholarships and grants
  • College Bound Foundation (assists disadvantaged students from the city of Baltimore) [185]

Cost of school[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland, which is public, is unusual in that it competes mostly with elite private colleges. The state of Maryland reported this year that St. Mary's College of Maryland costs $30,000 less as compared to the average cost of elite private colleges in obtaining a college degree.

Looking at tuition in March 2014, Kiplinger ranked St. Mary's College of Maryland as one of the "Best Values in Colleges".[189]

The school provides millions of dollars in financial aid and extensive help to students in securing financial assistance.

National ranking for "Best schools for veterans"[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College 4th in the nation[190] under the category "Best Colleges for Veterans" in the "Colleges" ranking[14]

Special programs[edit]

  • Archaeology Field School[12][13]
  • Dual Degree Engineering Program[183]
  • 3:2 Engineering program
  • Robotics lab
  • St. Mary's College Jazz Ensemble[191]
  • Tidewater Music Festival[192]
  • Summer Music Camp[193]
  • International Education and Study Abroad Program
  • Emerging Scholars Program
  • Weitzel Research Award
  • H. Thomas Waring World Fund (study abroad in Gambia Africa for Master of Teaching students)[186]
  • FOM (Foundations of Mathematics) projects
  • Writing and Speaking Center
  • NAWCAD / AMOTL (Atomic Magneto-Optical Trapping Laboratory) program,[194][195] partnership with Navy particle physics laboratory[194][196]
  • Pre-Health Science program (forms personal pre-health science advisory committees for matriculating students)
  • SMURF (St. Mary’s Undergraduate Research Fellowship program)
  • Center for the Study of Democracy[197][198]
  • The Gambia PEACE Program[199]
  • Teacher Certification Program[1][200]
  • Overseas teaching program (teaching students may spend a semester teaching overseas)
  • Pre-Law program
  • Student Designed Major Program
  • Desousa-Brent Scholars[188][201]
  • Navigatiors Program[183]
  • Nitze Scholars[202]
  • STEM Navigators[183] Further supported by Emerging Scholars Programs (ESP)s in Science, Technology, Engineering, Math and Science[183]
  • CSM/SMCM Computer Science Co-op Program
  • Putnam Math Team
  • Eco-Reps [203]
  • Campus community farm
  • DOD (Department of Defense) Systems Acquisition Certification Program[204]
  • Project Management Certification Program[204]
  • Charlotte Hall Fellows, high school advanced studies program and scholarship for selected exceptional St. Mary's County high school students
  • Computer Science Co-operative Education Program (CSCEP) [205]
  • ESP-REU program (special six week program for students of math)
  • Center for talented youth St. Mary's College of Maryland is a participating institution

Accreditation[edit]

The school is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.[2][3]

Faculty[edit]

The school has 150 full-time faculty,[2] 14 are current Fulbright scholars (the college faculty has earned 30 Fulbright research awards in the past 20 years).

There is a 10:1 student-to-faculty ratio,[2] one of the lowest in the nation.

Notable faculty[edit]

  • Lucille Clifton – former Poet Laureate of Maryland; two-time Pulitzer Prize finalist
  • Michael Glaser – former Poet Laureate of Maryland
  • Todd Eberly – Political analyst and commentator[206] often quoted in the Washington Post, Baltimore Sun and the Washington Times,[207] also heard on radio stations WYPR and WBAL.[207] Author of American Government and Popular Discontent: Stability without Success. Was named One of the Most Influential Voices in Maryland Politics by Campaigns and Elections magazine.[207]
  • Charles Adler – Professor of Physics and author of "Wizards, Aliens, and Starships: Physics and Math in Fantasy and Science Fiction".[208][209][210]
  • Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, former Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, author, Director of the nonprofit organization, American Bridge
  • Jane Margaret O'Brien – the St. Mary's College of Maryland's college's first female president (after it became a four-year college) and its fifth president overall (1996–2009); also Dean of Faculty, 1989-91, Middlebury College; President, Hollins College (now Hollins University), 1991-96; since retiring from the presidency she is now a faculty member in St. Mary's College overseas programs and an overseas center director
  • Gary Denny – speechwriter for Nelson Mandela, writer, historian[211]
  • The Honorable James A. Kenney, III – judge of the Maryland Court of Special Appeals (1997 - 2007),[212] Assistant State's Attorney in St. Mary's County, Maryland (1964–67).[213] Won the Maryland Leadership in Law Award in 2003[214]
  • M. Elizabeth Osborn, playwright, author, theater director, actress, theater critic, editor, and educator, in whose honor the annual M. Elizabeth Osborn award for an emerging American playwright is granted.[215][216]
  • Michael Bunn – musician, Principal Tubist of the Kennedy Center Opera House Orchestra, Fairfax Symphony Orchestra, and Filene Center Orchestra at Wolf Trap Farm Park.
  • David Kung – professor for How Music and Mathematics Relate [217] from The Great Courses
  • Henry Rosemont Jr. – One of the world's top Confucian scholars,[218] author of "A Chinese Mirror; Rationality and Religious Experience";[218] "Radical Confucianism and The Chinese Classic Of Family Reverence: A Philosophical Translation Of The Xiaojing".[218]
  • Katherine Socha – winner, 2008 Alder Award[219] from the Mathematical Association of America
  • Jeffrey J. Byrd – microbiologist, science editor, author. Editor for the The Complete Idiot's Guide to Microbiology, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education, formerly called the Journal of Microbiology Education.
  • Mary Adele France the first president of the junior college, in response to women gaining the right to vote in America, she is credited with convincing the Maryland legislature to expand the former St. Mary's Female seminary into a Junior College in 1927 (the school, now called St. Mary's College of Maryland, is now a coeducational 4 year college, and has been for over 50 years). She was also a science and math teacher at the school.
  • Andrea Hammar, founder and first editor of the Slackwater Journal[220]
  • Juliana Geran Pilon – author of many books, including Notes from the other side of night,[221] The UN: assessing Soviet abuses,[222] The Bloody Flag: Post-Communist Nationalism in Eastern Europe : Spotlight on Romania,[223] Why America Is Such a Hard Sell: Beyond Pride and Prejudice,[224] Cultural Intelligence for Winning the Peace,[225] Soulmates: Resurrecting Eve[226] She is also Director of the Center for Culture and Security at the Institute of World Politics in Washington, D.C.[227]
  • Norton Dodge – Economist, collector of dissident Soviet era art. Smuggled thousands of Soviet dissident paintings, prints & sculptures out of communist Russia over a series of years and at great risk to his own life. Amassed one of the largest collections of Soviet-era art outside the Soviet Union. Now on permanent display at the Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University.
  • Zach P. Messitte,[228] political analyst in radio, television and print media,[229] political scientist,[230]
  • Earl Hofmann – painter, sculptor, educator. Part of Baltimore's 20th century realist art school, studied with and assisted Jacques Maroger at the Maryland Institute College of Art. Considered a major part of the 20th century Baltimore art scene before relocating to Southern Maryland.
  • Luis Enrique Sam Colop – Guatemalan/Native American linguist,[231] lawyer, poet, writer, newspaper columnist,[232] promoter of the K'iche' language, and social activist.[233]

Notable trustees[edit]

Nitze fellows[edit]

Kent Hall, Social Sciences building on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.

Nitze senior fellows visit St. Mary's College several times throughout their assigned year to give lectures and meet with Nitze scholars and other St. Mary's students.

Previous Nitze fellows include:

Notable alumni[edit]

Congressman Steny Hoyer – House Majority Leader U.S. House of Representatives, Congress, (2007–2011); U.S. Representative for Maryland's 5th congressional district (since 1981); and Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley at the St Mary's College Commencement Ceremony in 2013

Institutions[edit]

The Center for the Study of Democracy[edit]

Margaret Brent Hall on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. Named for Margaret Brent who, on the site of what is now the college, was the first woman to petition for the right to vote in America (in the Maryland Assembly in 1648).

The Center for the Study of Democracy is an interdisciplinary joint initiative of St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City.[151][265] It explores historical and contemporary issues related to democracy and also provides presentations by government officials and other leaders from both developed and developing countries[62] and notable scholars.[62][151] The Center also offers a Democracy Studies minor through St. Mary's College of Maryland.

Colonial St. Mary's City, which was on the site where St. Mary's College of Maryland is located today, was a place where struggles over 'Liberty of conscience' in religion,[9] representative political practices,[20][29] freedom of the press, and minority rights all came to the fore at various times. Utilizing early Maryland as a case study in "emerging democracy," the foundation works to apply the lessons of the region's history to a domestic and international discussion of democracy's role in the modern world.[151][266] The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) We the People initiative awarded the Center a $500,000 challenge grant in September 2004.[267]

Notable advisory board members include:

The James P. Muldoon River Center[edit]

Side of the Muldoon River Center on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. The center is a 13,000 square foot eco-friendly facility[275] that houses the marine biology laboratories of the St. Mary's River Project which is run by the college,[203] and studies the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal rivers.[203]

The St. Mary's River Project/marine biology research[edit]

The St. Mary's River Project, which is a part of the Muldoon River Center, is a state and federally funded marine biology research program,[203] administered through St. Mary's College of Maryland.[203]

Using the St. Mary's River and other nearby waters as field laboratories, the project investigates and monitors the water quality and the ecological health of both the St. Mary's River[203] and the Chesapeake Bay. The project also promotes environment awareness and stewardship in Chesapeake Bay communities.[203] Students work and study in all aspects of the programs activities, including classroom and hands-on field and laboratory learning.

The laboratories and offices of the project are located in the Muldoon River Center, a geothermally heated and cooled building on the campus waterfront.

Geothermal project at the Muldoon River Center[edit]

The Muldoon River Center has a geothermal heating and cooling system,[276] with special pipes running 300 feet down into the ground, to tap the deep soil's energy management potential.[276] The system cools the building in the summer[275] and warms it in the wintertime[275] with an extremely low impact on the environment.

Display diagramming geothermal energy system underneath the Muldoon River Center[276] on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.[276] The building houses marine biology labs and also the college sailing team.

The Slackwater Center[edit]

The Slackwater Center studies the current events, culture and history of St. Mary's County and other rural Chesapeake bay and Southern Maryland communities.[220][277] Its focus is interdisciplinary and it studies the region from both an historical and contemporary point of view.[220][278]

The center studies, records and documents as well as interprets and reports on current and historical life in Chesapeake Bay communities.[220][278] The center also has a public education mission. Students engage in historical research and historical interpretation as well as documenting oral histories [220][279] of living residents.[220] The center utilizes interdisciplinary collaboration[220] and also fosters public education and debate.

It also publishes the Slackwater Journal[278] and maintains an extensive archive.[220][280]

The center's mission statement says: "We aim to offer a closer look at the rich and complicated legacies of the past, at the social and environmental challenges facing the present, and at our collective visions for the future."[281]

Slackwater Archives[edit]

Preservational and curatorial roles are also played by the Slackwater Center, primarily through the Slackwater Archives and the Slackwater Southern Maryland Documentation Project.[220]

The mission of the archives includes preserving, transcribing, analyzing and interpreting:[220]

  • Southern Maryland Documentation Project (The only work and collection of its kind in the region that includes extensive oral history's of the region, preserving local history and documenting community issues still unfolding as current events in Southern Maryland).[220]

The project includes:

    • Oral folk life (folk culture) and oral history interviews of the people of St. Mary's County, Maryland and other Southern Maryland communities.[220][220][282] Includes an oral history collection of more than 2,000 folk life and oral life history taped & transcribed interviews, documenting the traditional Chesapeake Bay Tidewater cultures of Southern Maryland.[220]
    • Oral histories documenting the transition to modern St. Mary's County.[220][220][283] Uses oral histories of key historical witnesses and participants to document St. Mary's County's transition to its modern era.[284]
    • The Slackwater Journal.[220][278] The archive is also a repository for issues of the Slackwater Journal,[285] which has articles and interviews about the history, culture and people of Southern Maryland, past and present.[220][278][286]
    • St. Mary's College of Maryland oral histories. [220][287] Documents the growth and history of St. Mary's College of Maryland.[220][288]

Historic St. Mary's City Commission[edit]

The St. John's Site[289][290] (on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland):[291] One of the most historic spots in Maryland[292] and possibly North America.[293][294] The first Maryland General Assembly (the Maryland colony's first legislative body) met here,[295] one of the earliest laws protecting religious freedom was written and passed here,[296] possibly the first African American to serve in a legislative body in American history [297] served and voted here,[298] the first demand in America for a women's right to vote occurred here,[299] an early colonial governor lived here[300] and the first treaties between the Maryland colonists and the Susquehanna Indian Nation where ironed out here as well.[301]
Archeology museum[302] at the St. John's-Site on campus of St.Mary's College of Maryland.[303] With over 200 archeological sites within 2 miles of the campus,[304] St. Mary's College students of history, archeology, American politics, African American studies and also students in the Museum Curator Degree Program can take hands-on courses in archeological excavation (taking part in real life archeological digs),[13] as well as hands on experience with artifact analysis[13] and preservation[13] as well as museum curator work and historic interpretation. The Baltimore Sun has called the area around St. Mary's College "an archeological jewel."[13]

Historic St. Mary's City, which sits next to the college, is a State-run archeological research, historical research, preservation and interpretation center and an indoor and outdoor museum complex.[305] The area managed by the commission also includes a reconstructed colonial town and sailing ship, located on the historic site of Maryland's first colony.[306]

St. Mary's College and Historic St. Mary's City jointly coordinate programs of study[307] in archeology, history, museum studies, African American studies, political science and theater. This includes both classroom and also hands-on opportunities in archeological excavations, museums, and historic interpretation work.[308] including museums,[13]

The commission and its grounds are considered to be is a major center for colonial archeological research and historical research in the United States.[309] There have been over 200 archeological digs in St. Marys city worked on by the school over the last 30 years.[13]

All St. Mary's Students may also attend St. Mary's City's public access historical sites and all of its museums for free, year round.[310]

The Maryland Heritage Project[edit]

The Maryland Heritage Project is also a collaboration between St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City.[311] It focuses on the reconstruction of colonial buildings in the Historic St. Mary's City living history area,[312] ongoing development of St. Mary's museum exhibits[313] and also indoor and outdoor historic interpretation.[314]

This involves ongoing projects in archeological research[315] (including working on active archeological excavations),[316] historical research as well as management, preservation and analysis and interpretation of period artifacts and documents. The project also provides hands-on as well as classroom studies in archeology, anthropology, democracy studies, history, international languages and cultures, and museum studies.

The Historical Archaeology Field School[edit]

Archeology student working on an archeological excavation on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. The college has an internationally recognized archeology program,[12][13] which it operates jointly with Historic St. Mary's City.[12][13]

St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's Commission also jointly run the Historic Archeological Field School every summer[13] It hosts collection-based courses, beginner to advanced level archeological field training and also summer institutes.[317] The school is attended by students from all over the United States and other countries as well.[12][13] Many of its graduates now hold prominent positions in the field.[12]

The students not only study, but also work in many of the active archeological dig sites in St. Mary's City.[13] Providing extensive hands-on experience, the school teaches all aspects of professional archeological work, including working in real archeological digs, analyzing and conserving artifacts,[13] as well as cataloging, archiving and related historical research. The school has been in existence for more than 40 years.[12][13]

New Leadership for the Chesapeake[edit]

The New Leadership for the Chesapeake program trains student's in environmental leadership and advocacy as it relates to the Chesapeake Bay. In addition to leadership and advocacy training, classes and field work also focus on the biological and resource management issues affecting the Bay. The program leads to a certificate.

Chesapeake Writers' Conference[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland, May Russell Hall. May Russel was the second president of St. Mary's College, she served from 1948-1969.

A summer program that brings together notable authors, writers and educators to foster writers of novels, poetry and other venues.[318] Workshops in writing, classes, lectures, mentoring by notable authors and faculty; creative nonfiction, fiction and poetry are offered.[319]

Rising Tide[edit]

Journal of educational studies written by student interns and faculty of the Master of Education program at St. Mary's College of Maryland. Named after the adage "A rising tide lifts all boats."

The Boyden Gallery and Collection[edit]

The Boyden Collection is a 2,000 piece art collection on the campus.

The Boyden Gallery sponsors a series of year-round shows and exhibits showcasing student, visiting art and artist, faculty and also community works featuring a diverse range of themes and media.

Notable artworks[edit]

Some notable items in the collection include works of art by: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, William Merritt Chase, Buckminster Fuller, Marc Chagall, Thomas Hart Benton, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, Alberto Giacometti, and Ad Reinhardt.

Art shows and exhibitions[edit]

The Boyden Gallery rotates between in-house, visiting and community art shows.

Student programs[edit]

St. Mary's College art students receive training and assist in curatorial management, planning and design of gallery shows and special programs.[320] The gallery also hosts all-student shows.

Young at Art program and exhibitions[edit]

Starting in 2014 the Boyden Gallery and the St. Mary's College of Maryland Masters in Teaching program entered into a partnership with St. Mary's County schools to foster and display works by promising local students.[321] The program involves St. Mary's College of Maryland faculty and students in working with talented local young artists. The program also sponsors a professionally juried competition and a special yearly exhibitions.[321]

St. Mary's College Archives[edit]

Baltimore Hall Library[edit]

St. Mary's Baltimore Hall Library subscribes to 1,000 periodicals in print and has access to around 20,000 in electronic format. Furthermore, the school participates in the consortium of Maryland public colleges and universities (USMAI), through which library materials from 15 other institutes in the University of Maryland System are accessible.[322]

Arts Alliance[edit]

Funds grants for faculty and guest artists during the year, gives annual cash award to students in the arts, furthers outreach on the college campus and within the outstanding community, and works on the development of the college's art collection.[323] The Arts Alliance of St. Mary's College of Maryland is also sponsors of the summer River Concert Series.

Athletic programs[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland has the highest percentage of student-athletes on Capital Athletic Conference's All-Academic team for 6 years in a row.

St. Mary's College teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Seahawks are a member of the Capital Athletic Conference (CAC). In St. Mary's College, there are 15 varsity sports:

St. Mary's Seahawks varsity lacrosse player in motion.
Varsity Teams
Seasons
  • Fall Sports:

Field Hockey, Men’s and Women’s Soccer, Men's and Women's Cross Country, and Volleyball

  • Winter Sports:

Men’s and Women’s Swimming, Men’s and Women’s Basketball

  • Spring Sports:

Baseball, Men’s and Women’s Lacrosse, Men’s and Women’s Tennis

Sailing program[edit]

Part of the Sailing Team fleet at St. Mary's College of Maryland.

St. Mary's College has three different sailing teams on campus, as well as a sailing club, and a windsurfing club. The Varsity Sailing Team and Offshore Sailing Team both compete in intercollegiate events around the country and occasionally in international regattas held in venues such as Europe. The Keelboat Sailing Team competes in racing events held by One Design or PHRF (Handicap) organizations in the Chesapeake Bay and other East Coast locations.

The college sailing fleet

Keelboats

  • 1997 Taylor 40 ML
  • B-25
  • 2 Pearson Ensigns
  • 18 racing FJs] [275]
  • 18 more recreational FJs [275]
  • two Lasers [275]
  • two sonars [275]
  • 11 motorboats [275]

Dinghies

Wind surfing The college has many racing-outfitted windsurfers.

Sports accomplishments[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing Team drills. The St. Mary’s College of Maryland sailing team currently holds 15 national titles[275] and the school has produced more than 135 ICSA All-American sailors[275][324][325] and also four Olympic sailors,[326] one of whom earned a silver medal at the Olympics.[327] The co-ed and the women's teams have been ranked first in the nation two years in a row.[328]

Sailing

Drawing on students from many Chesapeake Bay communities, St. Mary's College of Maryland is one of the top-ranked varsity sailing schools in the nation.[275]

Awards and titles include:

Basketball

  • 17 NCAA Division III athletic teams (9 in women's sports, 8 in men's sports).
  • The St. Mary's College Men's basketball team has been a notable team since the 2007–08 season, winning the Capitol Athletic Conference title 5 times, and making 5 NCAA Division III tournament appearances, including reaching the Sweet 16 in 2008 and 2010, and the Elite 8 in 2011 and 2013.
  • In the spring of 2008, St. Mary's Men's Basketball team was ranked 24th in the nation after making an appearance at the 2007-2008 NCAA Division III Men's Basketball Tournament.[331]

Baseball

St. Mary's athletics are also recognized for its storied varsity baseball team.

Student life[edit]

Student body[edit]

The school has 1,901 undergraduate students[3] and 32 graduate students[2][3]

More than 1,600 students live on campus and in traditional-style residence halls and about 300 students commute

Housing[edit]

On campus living includes dorms. suites, apartments, and townhouses. Within the residences there are four living-learning centers on campus: an International Languages & Cultures (ILC) House; a Women In Science House (WISH); a Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies (WGSX) House and an Eco-House. Furthermore, there are nine Substance and Alcohol Free Environment (SAFE) suites and apartments on campus, as well as floor of a residence hall. Other students join the IBA.

Student townhouses on campus

Student participation in governance[edit]

The Student Trustee, a voting member of the Board of Trustees, is chosen from among the students to act as a direct link between the Student Body and the Board of Trustees.[332] Aside from the Student Trustee position, students also participate in numerous other committees with faculty and other members of the administration.

Student data[edit]

As of fall 2013

  • the college had 1,901 undergraduate students.[2][3]
  • There were 32 graduate students[2][3]

As of fall 2012 (the following data runs on a different reporting cycle than the data above)--

  • 59% of students were female, 41% male.[2]
    • 12% of students were from out of state.[2]
    • 97% of undergraduate students attended full-time.[2]
    • 76% of students were Caucasian, 7% were African-American, 4% were biracial or multiracial, 5% were Hispanic, 2% were Asian, 3% were of undetermined ethnicity, 0% were American Indian or Alaskan Native, and 2% were nonresident international students.[2]
    • 19% of students were of minority heritage from any group,[2] not including the percentage of nonresident international students who may also be minorities in the United States.[2]
    • Thirty-seven countries are represented among the students.
  • The student:faculty ratio was 10 to 1[2] one of the lowest student faculty ratios for a public college in the United States.[2] It is also among the lowest when compared to private colleges.[2]

Student clubs[edit]

St. Mary's College hosts more than 100 student-run, SGA-sponsored clubs.[333]

Residence organizations[edit]

Campus commons, St. Mary's College of Maryland.

The majority of the on-campus student population lives in traditional college dormitories, group suite apartments and townhouses; 85% of students live on campus.

St. Mary's does not have any social sororities or fraternities. Instead, part of its student residences run on a house system. Each house has its own educational theme, so residents may form community around shared interests.

Campus residence houses include:

  • International Languages & Cultures (ILC) House
  • Women In Science House (WISH)
  • Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies (WGSX) House
  • Eco-House
  • Furthermore, there are nine Substance and Alcohol-Free Environment (SAFE) suites and apartments on campus, as well as the entire floor of a residence hall.

On-campus traditions and events[edit]

  • Signing of the book: New students attend a convocation ceremony at the State House of 1634 in Historic St. Mary's City. Afterwards students are invited to sign the President's book.
  • Hallow-Greens, which takes place on a weekend near Halloween, is an annual all-student costume event.
  • The Great Bamboo Boat Race takes place during Homecoming/Parent's Weekend. Teams must make a boat entirely out of materials provided for them (bamboo, sheet plastic, twine, and duct tape) and race it in a small loop on the St. Mary's River by the college boathouse and docks. The bamboo is harvested from the campus bamboo forest, where it is considered an invasive species. There are cash prizes for the winners. This event replaced The Great Cardboard Boat Race (an earlier incarnation using cardboard instead of bamboo) in 2010.
  • World Carnival Weekend takes place late in the Spring semester. Clubs across campus are invited to participate in this event which celebrates diversity in music, food, and culture.
  • The Frisbee Golf Dorchester Open is held in the Spring (held for 37 consecutive years, a big alumni event, current students play as well).
  • Midnight breakfast is held during finals week each semester. Admission is free, and many students participate in karaoke during the night.
  • Black Student Union Fashion Show: is held yearly.
  • River Concert series: During the summer months the college hosts an event attended by thousands of people each year.
  • The Dance Club holds a Dance Show once per semester.
  • The Christmas in April Auction is an annual fund-raiser in which students, faculty, and staff bid for humorous items such as singing telegrams or cooked dinners from the Admissions staff.
  • Polar Bear Splash: an annual effort to raise awareness for Global Warming. More than one hundred students take a swim in the freezing St. Mary's River during this mid-winter event.[334]
  • Shoe Tree: For a lot of students, throwing a pair of shoes or flip-flops tied together into the shoe tree marks a memorable "first time" on the college campus—i.e. losing one's virginity.[335]
  • Natty Boh Hunt: On Easter, the upperclassmen prepare the Natty Boh Hunt by buying large quantities of National Bohemian and spray painting them and hiding them all around campus for the freshmen to find. An Occasional 40 will be bought and spray painted gold, known as a Golden 40.
  • May Day Bicycle Streak: On May 1 (May Day) students streak through campus on bicycles. This represents freedom, especially for seniors. Clothed students stand on the sidelines and "offer support".
  • Friction Fest: Every April the SMCM Rock Climbing Club sponsors a huge Bouldering (rock climbing) competition called "Friction Fest" which is free and open to both students, staff, faculty, community and the local Navy Base members.

Seven Wonders

Black-eyed Susans, the state flower of Maryland.[336] Seed packets of black eyed Susans are given out at some St. Mary's College ceremonies and students are encouraged to plant them around the campus.

The Seven Wonders are seven notable campus landmarks. New students are inducted into the traditions of SMCM by orientation leaders in a tour of the Seven Wonders during orientation and it is a graduation tradition for the departing class to tour the seven wonders and recount stories the evening before graduation. Thus a student's time at SMCM begins and ends with tours of the Seven Wonders. </ br>The seven "wonders" are:

  1. The Shoe Tree (see above)
  2. The Bell Tower
  3. St. John's Pond (see above)
  4. Maryland Freedom of Conscience Statue on Route 5 (a.k.a. The Naked Man)
  5. Garden of Remembrance Fountain
  6. 'Hidden' Grave
  7. Church Point
The Garden of Remembrance, one of the campus "Seven Wonders" and a popular spot for weddings as well as for students to study.

General information[edit]

Public charter within the State of Maryland[edit]

St. Mary's, although a state-operated institution, is independent of the University System of Maryland; it opted out of the system in 1992. However, in early 2006, St. Mary's joined the University of Maryland Academic Telecommunications System (UMATS), which interconnects the University System of Maryland with several other networks, including the Internet and Internet2 networks.[337]

School mascot[edit]

St. Mary's mascot is the Seahawk, which is a nickname for the osprey. These birds are native to St. Mary's City and sometimes they can be seen diving from great heights into St. Johns Pond, in order to catch fish.

Green initiatives[edit]

Goodpaster Hall[edit]

Goodpaster Hall, an academic building devoted to chemistry, psychology, and educational studies that opened in January 2008, was built to a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating of Silver.[338] It is one of few "green" buildings in the state of Maryland.[339]

Energy conservation[edit]

By upgrading fixtures, adjusting campus facilities operations and raising the campus community awareness about wasteful energy usage, St. Mary’s College is making progress in using energy more efficiently, containing energy expenditures and reducing its impact on the environment.[338]

Geothermal system at the Muldoon River Center[edit]

St Mary's Crossroads Path on St. John's Pond.
See Geothermal project at the Muldoon River Center above.

Green Energy Fund/student energy referendum[edit]

St. Mary’s College students voted to create a Green Energy Fund by raising student fees $25 per year.[338] The purpose of the Green Energy Fund is to purchase Renewable Energy Credits to offset 100% of the College’s electricity use and fund renewable energy projects on campus.[338] St. Mary’s College received the 2008 EPA Green Power Leadership Club award for their efforts.[338]

Recycling and composting programs[edit]

St. Mary’s College is expanding its recycling and composting programs.[338] Student volunteers have been collecting recyclable and compostable material from the residences.[338] Compostable bins will soon be available all across campus.[338] The College is looking into partnering up with local farms to develop a larger scale composting facility that can accommodate the significant quantities of compostable food waste from the cafeteria.[338]

Green cleaning products[edit]

St. Mary’s College is transitioning to 100% environmentally responsible Green Seal certified cleaning products.[338]

Sustainable groundskeeping[edit]

St. Mary’s College’s groundskeeping crews are at the forefront of environmental stewardship by implementing sustainable practices.[338] Their efforts include protecting the St. Mary’s River by developing green buffer areas, creating green spaces and wildlife habitat, using integrated past management and minimizing the usage of synthetic fertilizers.[338] SMCM has applied to the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program.[338]

Campus composting[edit]

The college runs a composting system to handle the majority of its biodegradable waste.[338]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as College Navigator Report, National Center for Educational Statistics, Institute for Educational Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, “St. Mary's College of Maryland”, http://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/?s=MD&pg=5&id=163912
  3. ^ a b c d e f Middle States Commission on Higher Education, "St. Mary's College of Maryland", https://www.msche.org/institutions_view.asp?idinstitution=450
  4. ^ a b c Maryland Higher Education Commission, "College 411: A Student Guide to Higher Education and Financial Aid in Maryland-- St. Mary's College of Maryland", Page 11, http://www.mhec.state.md.us/publications/StudentOutreachKit/411Guide10-11.pdf
  5. ^ a b "Edward T. Lewis Ph.D, Director, The Wills Group", Executive Profile, Bloomberg Business Week, http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=75358370&privcapId=4272757&previousCapId=740535&previousTitle=NASDAQ%20OMX%20GROUP/THE
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  7. ^ "Religious Freedom Byway Would Recognize Maryland's Historic Role", Megan Greenwell, Washington Post, Thursday, August 21, 2008 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/15/AR2008081504104.html
  8. ^ Cecilius Calvert, "Instructions to the Colonists by Lord Baltimore, (1633)" in Clayton Coleman Hall, ed., Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910), 11-23.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Reconstructing the Brick Chapel of 1667" Page 1, See section entitled "The Birthplace of Religious Freedom" https://stmaryscity.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Chapel-Reconstruction.pdf
  10. ^ Cecilius Calvert, "Instructions to the Colonists by Lord Baltimore, (1633)" in Clayton Coleman Hall, ed., Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910), 11-23.
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  66. ^ J. Frederick Fausz, "Monument School of the People: A sesquicentennial history of St. Mary's College of Maryland", 1840-1990", Page 32, SMCM, ISBN 0962586706, ISBN 978-0962586705 https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/32/mode/2up/search/lottery
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  68. ^ J. Frederick Fausz, "Monument School of the People: A sesquicentennial history of St. Mary's College of Maryland", 1840-1990", Page 32, SMCM, ISBN 0962586706, ISBN 978-0962586705 https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/32/mode/2up/search/lottery
  69. ^ J. Frederick Fausz, "Monument School of the People: A sesquicentennial history of St. Mary's College of Maryland", 1840-1990", Page 32, SMCM, ISBN 0962586706, ISBN 978-0962586705 https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/32/mode/2up/search/lottery
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h "Maryland Slaves in the Civil War: How it Happened in St. Mary’s County", Terry Brock, November 12, 2012, https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/maryland-slaves-in-the-civil-war-how-it-happened-in-st-marys-county/
  71. ^ a b c d e "All of Us Would Walk Together: Taking Freedom", Historic St. Mary's City, https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/project/escaping-with-the-military/
  72. ^ "Virginia’s own ‘Glory’ regiment", See section entitled "Fighting Quality Proved", Noah Andre Trudeau, Feb 9, 2014, http://dev.freelancestar.com/2014-02-09/articles/28822/commentary-virginias-own-glory-regiment/ IMPORTANT NOTE: The regiment was formed out of a group of men from St. Mary's County Maryland who had been combined with a larger group of men who had been liberated from slavery in Virginia
  73. ^ "Maryland Slaves in the Civil War: How it Happened in St. Mary’s County", Terry Brock, November 12, 2012, https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/maryland-slaves-in-the-civil-war-how-it-happened-in-st-marys-county/ IMPORTANT NOTE: The regiment was formed out of a group of men from St. Mary's County Maryland combined with a larger group of men who had been liberated from slavery in Virginia
  74. ^ "Maryland Slaves in the Civil War: How it Happened in St. Mary’s County", Terry Brock, November 12, 2012, https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/maryland-slaves-in-the-civil-war-how-it-happened-in-st-marys-county/
  75. ^ "Virginia’s own ‘Glory’ regiment", See section entitled "Fighting Quality Proved", Noah Andre Trudeau, Feb 9, 2014, http://dev.freelancestar.com/2014-02-09/articles/28822/commentary-virginias-own-glory-regiment/ IMPORTANT NOTE: The regiment was formed out of a group of men from St. Mary's County Maryland combined with a larger group of men who had been liberated from slavery in Virginia
  76. ^ "Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865", Noah Andre Trudeau, page 300, Castle Books, 2002, Google books version for online verification: http://books.google.com/books?id=jGR079pJKl8C&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=medal to source the hard copy version, see ISBNs: ISBN 0785814760 and ISBN 9780785814764
  77. ^ "Virginia’s own ‘Glory’ regiment", See section entitled "Fighting Quality Proved", Noah Andre Trudeau, Feb 9, 2014, http://dev.freelancestar.com/2014-02-09/articles/28822/commentary-virginias-own-glory-regiment/ IMPORTANT NOTE: The regiment was formed out of a group of men from St. Mary's County Maryland combined with a larger group of men who had been liberated from slavery in Virginia
  78. ^ "Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865", Noah Andre Trudeau, page 300, Castle Books, 2002 Google books version for online verification:, http://books.google.com/books?id=jGR079pJKl8C&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=medal to source the hard copy version, see ISBNs: ISBN 0785814760 and ISBN 9780785814764
  79. ^ "Virginia’s own ‘Glory’ regiment", See section entitled "Fighting Quality Proved", Noah Andre Trudeau, Feb 9, 2014, http://dev.freelancestar.com/2014-02-09/articles/28822/commentary-virginias-own-glory-regiment/ IMPORTANT NOTE: The regiment was formed out of a group of men from St. Mary's County Maryland combined with a larger group of men who had been liberated from slavery in Virginia
  80. ^ "Virginia’s own ‘Glory’ regiment", See section entitled "Fighting Quality Proved", Noah Andre Trudeau, Feb 9, 2014, http://dev.freelancestar.com/2014-02-09/articles/28822/commentary-virginias-own-glory-regiment/
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  82. ^ "Visit St. Mary's: Civil War", http://www.visitstmarysmd.com/activities-attractions/special-themes-interests/civil-war/
  83. ^ "History of the College", St. Mary's College of Maryland, caption of source photo reads: "Students arriving on campus in 1900, (St. Mary's Archives)" http://www.smcm.edu/about/ourhistory.html
  84. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 73, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/72/mode/2up
  85. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 54, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/54/mode/2up
  86. ^ By Janet Butler Haugaard, Susan G. Wilkinson, Julia A. King, "St. Mary's, A When-Did? Timeline", page 16, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/documents/StMarysWhenDidTimeline.pdf
  87. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 73, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/72/mode/2up
  88. ^ By Janet Butler Haugaard, Susan G. Wilkinson, Julia A. King, "St. Mary's, A When-Did? Timeline", page 16, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/documents/StMarysWhenDidTimeline.pdf
  89. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 54, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/54/mode/2up
  90. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 73, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/72/mode/2up
  91. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 73, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/72/mode/2up
  92. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 73, Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/72/mode/2up
  93. ^ "Monument School of the People", Fausz, page 48, Lyrasis and Sloan Foundation, SMCM, 1801600 , MARCXML, https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/48/mode/2up
  94. ^ "History of the College", St. Mary's College of Maryland, caption of source photo reads: "St. Mary's Female Seminary-1890, (St. Mary's Archives)" http://www.smcm.edu/about/ourhistory.html
  95. ^ "The History and Culture of Dances at St. Mary's College of Maryland", St. Mary's College of Maryland Archives, Emily Hiner, January, 2014, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/exhibits/dance_at_st_marys.html
  96. ^ "The History and Culture of Dances at St. Mary's College of Maryland", St. Mary's College of Maryland Archives, Emily Hiner, January, 2014, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/exhibits/dance_at_st_marys.html
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  98. ^ "The History and Culture of Dances at St. Mary's College of Maryland", St. Mary's College of Maryland Archives, Emily Hiner, January, 2014, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/exhibits/dance_at_st_marys.html
  99. ^ "The History and Culture of Dances at St. Mary's College of Maryland", St. Mary's College of Maryland Archives, Emily Hiner, January, 2014, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/exhibits/dance_at_st_marys.html
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  103. ^ a b c d e f "The Revolutionary College Project: Notable Alumni: Mary Adele France (Feb. 17, 1880 – Sept, 1954)", Washington College, http://www.washcoll.edu/centers/starr/revcollege/alumni/alumnibios.html
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  105. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  106. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
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  108. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
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  111. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
  112. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
  113. ^ Mike Bowler, Baltimore Sun, "St. Mary's excellence began with Jackson: Former president writes a memoir about turning the small school into a top-notch public liberal arts college.", The Education Beat, November 06, 2002, http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2002-11-06/news/0211060051_1_jackson-mary-college-college-of-maryland
  114. ^ "St. Mary's: A 'When-did?' Timeline", Haugaard, Susan G. Wilkinson; Wilkinson, Susan G.; King, Julia; page 30, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/documents/StMarysWhenDidTimeline.pdf
  115. ^ "St. Mary's: A 'When-did?' Timeline", Haugaard, Susan G. Wilkinson; Wilkinson, Susan G.; King, Julia; page 30, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/documents/StMarysWhenDidTimeline.pdf
  116. ^ Maryland State Archives, Teaching Maryland History, "Mathias de Sousa" http://teaching.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000000/000003/html/t3.html
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  118. ^ "Matthias da Sousa: Colonial Maryland's Black, Jewish Assemblyman", Susan Rosenfeld Falb, MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. 73, No. 4, DECEMBER 1978, page 97, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc5800/sc5881/000001/000000/000293/pdf/msa_sc_5881_1_293.pdf
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  120. ^ Maryland State Archives, Teaching Maryland History, "Mathias de Sousa" http://teaching.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000000/000003/html/t3.html
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  123. ^ "Matthias da Sousa: Colonial Maryland's Black, Jewish Assemblyman", Susan Rosenfeld Falb, MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. 73, No. 4, DECEMBER 1978, page 97, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc5800/sc5881/000001/000000/000293/pdf/msa_sc_5881_1_293.pdf
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  125. ^ "St. Mary's: A 'When-did?' Timeline", Haugaard, Susan G. Wilkinson; Wilkinson, Susan G.; King, Julia; page 30, http://www.smcm.edu/archives/documents/StMarysWhenDidTimeline.pdf
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  127. ^ Maryland State Archives, Teaching Maryland History, "Mathias de Sousa" http://teaching.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000000/000003/html/t3.html
  128. ^ Maryland State Archives, Teaching Maryland History, "Mathias de Sousa" http://teaching.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000000/000003/html/t3.html
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  130. ^ J. Frederick Fausz, "Monument School of the People: A sesquicentennial history of St. Mary's College of Maryland", 1840-1990", Page 8, SMCM, ISBN 0962586706, ISBN 978-0962586705 https://archive.org/stream/monumentschoolof00faus#page/8/mode/2up/search/all+over
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  133. ^ "Lucille Clifton Winner of Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize", 5/11/2007, Baynet.com, http://www.thebaynet.com/News/index.cfm/fa/viewStory/story_ID/5758/comment_categoryID/5758:News/comment/Y
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  136. ^ "Lucille Clifton Winner of Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize", 5/11/2007, Baynet.com, http://www.thebaynet.com/News/index.cfm/fa/viewStory/story_ID/5758/comment_categoryID/5758:News/comment/Y
  137. ^ "Lucille Clifton Winner of Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize", 5/11/2007, Baynet.com, http://www.thebaynet.com/News/index.cfm/fa/viewStory/story_ID/5758/comment_categoryID/5758:News/comment/Y
  138. ^ "Lucille Clifton Winner of Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize", 5/11/2007, Baynet.com, http://www.thebaynet.com/News/index.cfm/fa/viewStory/story_ID/5758/comment_categoryID/5758:News/comment/Y
  139. ^ CBS Baltimore, Local, "St. Mary’s College Of Maryland Names New President", March 19, 2014, http://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2014/03/19/st-marys-college-of-maryland-names-new-president/
  140. ^ a b c d "When the Answer to 'Access or Excellence?' Has to Be 'Both': St. Mary's of Maryland, a public honors college, wants to be affordable while offering a private liberal arts-style experience" Beckie Supiano, Chronicle of Higher Education, October 16, 2011, https://chronicle.com/article/When-the-Answer-to-Access-or/129423/?sid=wb&utm_source=wb&utm_medium=en
  141. ^ "Trading Dollars for Independence" See section entitled "Autonomy Woes", Business Officer magazine, National Association of University and College Business Officers, Laurie Stickelmaier, http://www.nacubo.org/Business_Officer_Magazine/Magazine_Archives/April_2004/Trading_Dollars_for_Independence.html
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  143. ^ "Trading Dollars for Independence" See section entitled "Autonomy Woes", Business Officer magazine, National Association of University and College Business Officers, Laurie Stickelmaier, http://www.nacubo.org/Business_Officer_Magazine/Magazine_Archives/April_2004/Trading_Dollars_for_Independence.html
  144. ^ "Investigating Power: Ben Bradlee -- Career Timeline", Investigatingpower.org, http://www.investigatingpower.org/journalist/ben-bradlee/
  145. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/advisory.html
  146. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/advisory.html
  147. ^ "Investigating Power: Ben Bradlee -- Career Timeline", Investigatingpower.org, http://www.investigatingpower.org/journalist/ben-bradlee/
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  152. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  153. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  154. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  155. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  156. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  157. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  158. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  159. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  160. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
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  162. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  163. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  164. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  165. ^ "Center for the Study of Democracy: Purpose and Inspiration for Our Work", St. Mary's College of Maryland, CFSOD, http://www.smcm.edu/democracy/about/index.html
  166. ^ a b c d "Top Producers of U.S. Fulbright Scholars by Type of Institution". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2012. 
  167. ^ a b c d "SMCM Awarded Highest Number of Fulbright Scholars in Maryland: Second Highest in Country for Public Colleges". Southern Maryland Online. October 23, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  168. ^ "R14D00, St. Mary’s College of Maryland: Analysis of the FY 2015 Maryland Executive Budget -- 2014 Operating Budget Data Analysis in Brief / Major Trends", Garret T. Halbach, Analysis of the FY 2015 Maryland Executive Budget, 2014; Page 2, Maryland Higher Education Commission, http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/Pubs/BudgetFiscal/2015fy-budget-docs-operating-R14D00-St-Marys-College-of-Maryland.pdf
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  170. ^ Alpha Kappa Delta
  171. ^ Beta, Beta, Beta, National Biological Honors Society, Local Chapters, "Saint Mary's College of MD", http://www.tri-beta.org/localchapters.html
  172. ^ Omicron Delta Epsilon
  173. ^ Omicron Delta Kappa: The National Leadership Honors Society, "Circle Page: St. Mary's College of Maryland" http://odk.org/circles/circle?circ=smcm
  174. ^ Phi Alpha Theta
  175. ^ a b "Chapter Directory", section "S", The Phi Beta Kappa Society, http://www.pbk.org/home/chapterdirectory.aspx?z=S
  176. ^ Pi Sigma Alpha
  177. ^ Psi Chi
  178. ^ Sigma Tau Delta International Honors Society, "Maryland (list): St. Mary's College of Maryland", http://www.niu.edu/sigmatd/chapterdirectory/Default.aspx?state=Maryland
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  309. ^ "Historic St. Mary's City Wins Archaeology Award", Baynet, Baltimore, MD - 1/23/2012, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/25944
  310. ^ Virtual Campus Tour.
  311. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  312. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  313. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  314. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  315. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  316. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  317. ^ Maryland Heritage Project.
  318. ^ Ted Pugh, Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, "Chesapeake Writers’ Conference held in St. Mary’s County St. Mary’s College of Maryland hosts workshops on the ‘meaningful art’", July 10, 2013 http://www.somdnews.com/article/20130710/NEWS/130719825/1115/chesapeake-writers-x2019-conference-held-in-st-mary-x2019-s-county&template=southernMaryland
  319. ^ Ted Pugh, Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, "Chesapeake Writers’ Conference held in St. Mary’s County St. Mary’s College of Maryland hosts workshops on the ‘meaningful art’", July 10, 2013 http://www.somdnews.com/article/20130710/NEWS/130719825/1115/chesapeake-writers-x2019-conference-held-in-st-mary-x2019-s-county&template=southernMaryland
  320. ^ Chelsea Bradcovich, The Point News, February 9, 2010 "Students Gain Valuable Experience Designing Boyden Gallery Exhibit" http://thepointnews.com/2010/02/students-gain-valuable-experience-designing-boyden-gallery-exhibit
  321. ^ a b "SMCM Offers Young Artists Venue to Display Work", Southern Maryland Online, May 19, 2014, http://somd.com/news/headlines/2014/18218.shtml
  322. ^ St. Mary's College Library
  323. ^ Arts Alliance of St. Mary's College of Maryland
  324. ^ a b "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Coed All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/all_american
  325. ^ "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Women's All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/womens_all_american
  326. ^ St. Mary's Colleges of Maryland Athletics information, [3].
  327. ^ [4].
  328. ^ a b "Sailing World Sailing Rankings".
  329. ^ "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Women's All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/womens_all_american
  330. ^ [5].
  331. ^ "Seahawks Ranked 24th in Final Division III Poll".
  332. ^ Student Trustee Information
  333. ^ St. Mary's 2013 - 2014 SGA Club Information
  334. ^ A Cool Dip for a Warming Planet
  335. ^ oh so famous shoe tree pictures from college photos on webshots
  336. ^ "MARYLAND AT A GLANCE: STATE SYMBOLS, Maryland State Flower - Black-Eyed Susan" Maryland State Archives, Maryland Manual Online, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/01glance/html/symbols/flower.html
  337. ^ Net Services.
  338. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n State of Maryland Higher Education Commission, "St. Mary’s College of Maryland – Green Initiatives" http://mhec.maryland.gov/highered/green/smcmgreen.asp
  339. ^ Goodpaster Hall: Office of Development.