St. Mary's College of Maryland

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St. Mary's College of Maryland
Smcm-seal.png
Established 1840; 174 years ago (1840)
Type Public coeducational liberal arts college[1][2]
Endowment U.S. $30.3 million
President Ian Newbould (interim),
President-elect, Tuajuanda Jordan
Academic staff 231
Undergraduates 1,901[2]
Postgraduates 32[2]
Location St. Mary's City[2], Maryland, United States
38°11′12″N 76°25′51″W / 38.18666°N 76.43094°W / 38.18666; -76.43094Coordinates: 38°11′12″N 76°25′51″W / 38.18666°N 76.43094°W / 38.18666; -76.43094
Campus Rural, waterfront on St. Mary's River, near the Chesapeake Bay, 319 acres (approximately 1.3 km²), Located on site of first Maryland Colony, St. Mary's City, Maryland
Former names  • St. Mary's Female Seminary (1840 - 1927)
 • St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College (1927–1949)
 • St. Mary's Seminary Junior College (1949–1968)
Colors Blue, gold and white
              
Athletics NCAA Division III
13 Varsity Teams, ICSA (Intercollegiate Sailing Association.)
Nickname Seahawks
Affiliations MAISA
Website smcm.edu

St. Mary's College of Maryland, also called St. Mary's Public Honors College of Maryland, was established in 1840. It is an American public,[1][3][4] secular and co-educational liberal arts college[1] located in St. Mary's City, Maryland.[2] It is a public honors college[4] and is one of only two colleges with this designation in the United States.[5] With about 2,000 enrolled students, the institution offers baccalaureate degrees in 24 disciplines.[2]

The college is located in St. Mary's City, Maryland[1][2] and shares much of its campus with Historic St. Mary's City, the site of Maryland's first colony and first capitol. It is also the site of the fourth colony in British North America and one of the premier archaeological sites in the United States. St. Mary's City is also considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America[6] because of the unique mandates establishing and governing the British colony that once stood there,[6] requiring religious tolerance.[6]

Calvert Hall, St. Mary's Public Honors College of Maryland.
Photo by Rob Friesel

Contents

National Ranking[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College as "5th" in the nation under the category "Top Public Schools" in the "Colleges" ranking (5th in the nation for Public Colleges).[7]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Colonial setting[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland is located on the original site of Maryland's first colony, St. Mary's City,[8] which was also the first capitol of Maryland[9] and is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America.[6] Colonial St. Mary's City was actually only a town and at it's peak had between 500 and 600 residents.

The Colony was founded under a mandate by the colonial proprietor, Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore of England, that the new settlers engage in religious tolerance of each other.[6][10] The first settlers were both Protestant and Catholic during a time of persecution of Catholics.[10] This mandate was unprecedented at the time, as England had been wracked by religious conflict for centuries.

1640s: Religious conflict in St. Mary's City leads to first law requiring religious tolerance[edit]

Leonard Calvert led Maryland's first settlers to what would become
St. Mary's City, which is now the site of St. Mary's College of Maryland. There they they established the first Maryland colony.
Calvert also became it's first governor and the job of leading the new colony through various trials and tribulations fell on his shoulders.
Maryland Archives, 1914. Painted by Florence Mackubin.

In early St. Mary's City the young colony endured much struggle, including periods of violent religious conflict [11] between Protestants and Catholics,[11] in spite of Lord Baltimore's mandate of tolerance,[10][12] as well as disease and the establishment of slavery.[13] Nevertheless, after a time of religious fighting, the residents of St. Mary's City were finally able to establish peace between religious groups for more than 40 years under the Maryland Toleration Act,[9] the first law mandating religious freedom and religious tolerance for people of all Christian faiths, which was conceived, written and ratified by the Maryland Assembly in St. Mary's City.

1648: Margaret Brent petitions for the right to vote, possibly first woman to do so in America[edit]

Margaret Brent, a business-savvy and quite successful Catholic settler in St. Mary's City at the time,[11][12] petitioned for the right to vote in the Maryland Assembly[11][12] (also in St. Mary's City, the new colonial capitol).[11][12] This was an unheard of request for a Woman of that era and made Brent very possibly the first woman in America to demand the right to vote.[10][12] However the Maryland colonial Assembly denied her request.[9][10][12]

In the male-dominated frontier environment of the colonies,[10][11] far away from the courts of England, Brent was also forced to defend her legal right to manage her own estate before the Maryland Assembly. She won, making her the first woman in English North America to stand for herself in a court of law and before an assembly. She also would eventually demand the right to vote.[10][11][12]

Brent also served as an attorney before the colonial court,[11][12] mostly representing women of the colony.[12] She is considered to have been very legally astute.[11][12] Surviving records indicate that she pleaded at least 134 cases.[12] Although she did not explicitly campaign for women's rights in general,[10] she is credited for having done so implicitly.[12]

Margaret Brent making her case for being allowed to vote to the Maryland Assembly in St. Mary's City, Maryland in 1648.
1934 monotone painting.

1690s: Second religious uprising, persecution of Catholics begins anew[edit]

After four decades of peace between Protestants and Catholics, new religious conflict erupted and the Catholic colony leadership was overthrown.[9][14] Catholics lost the right to vote[15] and were prevented from worshiping in public[15][16] (prohibitions that lasted in Maryland for nearly a century, until the late 1700s)[16][17] and the new Protestant leadership moved the capitol to Annapolis.[8][9]

Abandonment of St. Mary's City[edit]

With the capitol moved and widespread persecution of the Catholic community,[15] St. Mary's City was abandoned[8][18] and became a ghost town,[18] except for use as farm land.[8]

1700-1864: Antebellum Plantation period[edit]

Entrenchment[edit]

During the 1700s the institution of slavery grew massively in Maryland[13] and became more and more legally entrenched.[13] By the late 1600s there had been about 1,000 slaves in all the different settlements of the Maryland colony combined, but during the first 75 years of the 1700s, the number of enslaved people increased to nearly 100,000, and kept growing.[13]

Over time, the farms in St. Mary's City where consolidated into a large antebellum slave plantation which lasted for more than 150 years until the Civil War.[19] The plantation changed hands a few times, but continued to grow until it reached over 1,715 acres in size.[19] Enslaved African American's became the largest population in St. Mary's City.[19] Records show that slaves on the plantation were bought and sold which would certainly have broken up families.[19] Ruins and archeological research in the area has shown that slaves lived in poorly insulated huts, enduring the extremes of Maryland weather with little comfort or protection. Typically 5 or 6 people lived in 15 foot by 17 foot huts.[20] The plantation system also caused greater poverty among less advantaged free people in the area,[21][22] because the labor market was always depressed due to competition with slave labor.[21][22] Power and wealth therefore proceeded to be concentrated in fewer and fewer hands,[22][23] and the impoverished classes grew in St. Mary's County.[21] Harsh anti-Catholic laws also created barriers for the county's Catholic population.[24] A pattern was established of rural poverty in the county among the non-landed free population.[21]

Maryland Penal Codes (Anti-Catholic Laws)[edit]

From 1700 until the 1820s, numerous laws were put in place to "penalize" Catholics for practicing their faith, hence they were called the "penal codes".[16] Catholics were denied the right to vote in Maryland through most of the 1700s.[16][25] In order to discourage further importation of Irish indentured servants, who were largely Catholic, a prohibitive tax was imposed to try to prevent bringing any more of them to Maryland.[25] Through the 1820s, Catholics in Maryland could not hold public office.[16][25] When anyone in Maryland was sworn into a position of public trust, they were also required to renounce the Catholic church while being sworn in.[25] This was in order to prevent any Catholic person from secretly gaining a position of power. There were also periods where laws denied Catholics the right to purchase or inherit land in Maryland. Catholics were also not allowed to start their own schools.[16] Wealthy Catholics would secretly send their children abroad to get religious education, but to discourage this, Maryland laws were passed fining parents who did this.[26] Many Catholics hid their faith and worshiped in secret. Others converted to Protestantism or left the state.

Even after legal restrictions eased in the 1820s, hostility towards Catholics and religious tensions continued in Maryland until the first half of the 20th Century.[25]

School founding[edit]

John Pendelton Kennedy[edit]

John Pendleton Kennedy, politician, author. 1850 photograph.

In 1838, John Pendleton Kennedy, a Maryland author and politician who was a proponent of religious freedom and religious tolerance,[25] as well as being an opponent of slavery[27] (although also criticized in later times for expressing some idyllic stereotypes about Southern plantation life, nevertheless), wrote a book entitled "Rob of the Bowl",[9][28] which was a work of historical fiction that has set in colonial St. Mary's City, Maryland, and was about the struggle for religious freedom that occurred there.[29][30] The book sparked discussions of the state's history that drew wide attention in Maryland at the time.[30] Kennedy then tapped the increased public interest to campaign for erecting a monument to the memory of religious tolerance in St. Mary's City.

Later on John Pendleton Kennedy was proposed as a vice-presidential running mate to Abraham Lincoln when Lincoln first sought the Presidency of the United States,[31] although Pendleton was ultimately not selected. Pendelton became a forceful supporter of the Union during the Civil War, and he supported the passage of the Emancipation Proclamation.[32] And then later, since the proclamation did not free Maryland slaves because the state was not in the confederacy,[33] he helped to lead the effort to push for legislation in Maryland that ultimately ended slavery there in 1864.[32][34]

1839: Establishment of school as a "living monument" to religious freedom[edit]

Religious tensions continued to haunt St. Mary's County and Maryland as a whole in the 1800s, and in response to Kennedy's call for a monument,[30] three prominent St. Mary's County residents called for the establishment of a new school in St. Mary's City which would instead be a "Living monument to religious freedom".[30]

They quickly won Kennedy's support and together they lobbied the Maryland State legislature. The legislature voted to create, fund and designate a nondenominational [35] school in St. Mary's City as a "Living monument to religious freedom".[35] This was a milestone at the time, because only some ten years earlier had the last of Maryland's notorious anti-Catholic "penal codes" been revoked.

Thus the nondenominational "St. Mary's seminary" was born,[9][35] named after the original colonial settlement, now only ruins in the same place where the school was founded.[35] That school would eventually become St. Mary's College of Maryland.[36] The school began as boarding school that included the elementary grades as well as grades 9 through 12.[30] Occasionally boys from the neighboring areas were allowed to take classes as well.[30] A few years later the word "Female" was added to the schools name.[9]

State of Maryland Historic Monument sign, memorializing the "act of the Maryland State Legislature of 1839" ordering the "establishment of St. Mary's Female Seminary as a 'Living monument to the birthplace of the state and of religious liberty.'" Today the school is coed (male and femaile students attend).
Photo by Elvert Barnes, taken in 2011

1861-1865: Civil War[edit]

Union Troops in St. Mary's City[edit]

During the Civil War, Union troops occupied St. Mary's County, which like a large part of Maryland at the time, had Southern sympathies.[37] Piers and wharfs in St. Mary's County were burned by Union forces in order to stop trade with the confederacy which was only across the Potomac River.[37] Brome's Wharf in St. Mary's City was also burned, as it was a part of what was by then the Brome-Howard Plantation, owned by Doctor Brome, a slave-owner and a likely confederate sympathizer. There is archeological evidence that the Union Army may have occupied the plantation for some time.[37] Records show that Brome later complained that Union troops had damaged his piano while ransacking the main plantation house. He also complained that some of his slaves had joined the Union Army.

Slaves escape and join the Union Army[edit]

Records show that one quarter of Doctor Brome's 66 slaves in St. Mary's City escaped during the Civil War[38] and at least two of them then joined the Union Army.[38] Even before slavery was legally abolished, the Union Army had a policy allowing slaves to gain their freedom if they became Union soldiers.[38]

Distinguished military service of two former slaves from St. Mary's City and also of a free black man from nearby[edit]

Two escaped slaves from St. Mary's City, Alexander Gough[37] and William Gross,[37] joined the famed 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment[37][38] of the Union Army,[37] which won unit citations for valor in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm. Gough is known to have survived the war and lived the rest of his life in Baltimore.[38] Another African American man from the area, William H. Barnes, from Great Mills (which is just to the North of St. Mary's City), who had been a free tenant farmer before the war, also served in the same regiment. Barnes won the Medal of Honor for his actions in the same battle. There is evidence suggesting that additional slaves from the Brome plantation fought in the war as well.[37]

John Pendleton Kennedy helps lead political effort to end to slavery in Maryland[edit]

Because Maryland was not in the confederacy, the emancipation proclamation did not apply to the state and slavery continued there.[33] President Lincoln was afraid to emancipate the state because he was concerned that would cause it to leave the Union and join the Confederacy, this is why he did not include Maryland in the Emancipation Proclamation. Only the state itself could end slavery at this point,[33] and this was not a certain outcome at all,[33] as Maryland was a slave state with strong confederate sympathies.[33] John Pendleton Kennedy and other antislavery leaders therefore organized a political gathering—On December 16, 1863, a special meeting of the Central Committee of the Union Party of Maryland was called on the issue of slavery in the state[34] (The Union Party was a powerful political party in the state at the time).

At the meeting, Thomas Swann, a state politician, put forward a motion calling for the party to work for "Immediate emancipation (of all slaves) in Maryland".[34] John Penndleton Kennedy spoke next, and seconded the motion.[34] Since Kennedy was the former speaker of the Maryland General Assembly, as well as being a respected author, his support carried enormous weight in the party. A vote was taken and the motion passed.[34] However the people of Maryland as a whole were by then divided on the issue[33] and so twelve months of campaigning and lobbying on the matter of slavery continued throughout the state.[33] During this effort Kennedy signed his name to a party pamphlet calling for "immediate emancipation" of all slaves[34] that was widely circulated. On November 1, 1864, after a year-long debate, the a state referendum was put forth on the slavery question.[32][33][34] The citizens of Maryland voted to abolish slavery,[33] but only by a 1,000 vote margin,[33] as the Southern part of the state was heavily dependent on the slave economy.[33]

Kennedy, although prone to oversimplifying and idealizing Maryland history as well as even sometimes stereotyping ethnic groups, nevertheless paradoxically had a longstanding record of defending minority rights.[39] Earlier, when he was in the Maryland state legislature he was instrumental in repealing a law that discriminated against Jewish people in court and trial procedures in Maryland.[39] Jewish people were a tiny population in the state at the time and Kennedy was not Jewish, so there was no political or personal advantage to his position. He firmly opposed slavery in the Maryland legislature for decades[40] even though the Southern half of the state had a slave economy, and later on he did so as well in Congress. Kennedy, an Episcopalian, also helped to lead private charitable efforts to aid Irish Catholic immigrants,[41] who were experiencing a great deal of discrimination in the state at the time.[41] However he did also advocate setting limits on overall foreign national immigration into Maryland beginning in the 1850's, stating that he felt that the sheer number of new immigrants might overwhelm the economy.

1926-1966: Junior College Period[edit]

St. Mary's Female Seminary, circa 1890.[42]
St. Mary's Archives.
Students arriving by steamboat at the dock of St. Mary's Seminary in 1900.[43] From the founding of the school until 1933, students traveled to the school each year by steamboat, coming down the Chesapeake Bay from Annapolis and Baltimore.[44]
St. Mary's Archives.

Women gaining right to vote results in call to convert seminary to a "Junior College" (1926)[edit]

Miss France, the principle of St. Mary's Female Seminary at the time, felt inspired by the fact that Women had just recently gained the right to vote in America.[30] This led her to believe that Women deserved more access to a college education as well.[30] So she petitioned the Maryland State Legislature to convert the school to a two-year Junior College. This was necessary, France wrote, in order to ready young women for “an economic place in the world".[30]

The time is past when we educated our daughters for ornaments only [30]

M. Adele France, first President,
St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College, 1926 [30]

France then embarked on a determined and ultimately successful lobbying campaign in Annapolis. In 1926, by order of the Maryland Legislature, St. Marys College was expanded to a two year Female Junior College, combined with the last two years of High school (four years total).[30] At that time, the college dropped the 9th and 10th grades, but combined grades 11 and 12 with the first two years of college, making it a four-year institution, although only a "Junior College" at the upper two levels.[30]

The schools new name became the St. Mary's Female Seminary Junior College.[30] In 1949 the Maryland State Legislature ordered the word "Female" dropped from the school name in 1949[9][45] and that the school must be open to men,[9][45] although it still remained largely female until the mid-1960s. The name of the school became St. Mary's Seminary Junior College. During this era, after earning an associate's degree (A.A.) at St. Mary's, graduates would often continue studies at another university, where they would study for two more years and receive a B.A.

Four year public liberal arts college (1966-present)[edit]

1966: Expansion to a four year liberal arts college, renamed "St. Mary's College of Maryland"[edit]

After extensive lobbying by J. Frank Raley, a St. Marys County native and politician, and others, the Maryland state legislature ordered the school expanded and converted to a four year college (also dropping the high school grades).

By the 1967-68 academic year, the first four-year students began college studies.[46] Building projects to expand the campus and to build a new library began in earnest. The first Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degrees were awarded.

1980s: National recognition as a prominent public liberal arts college[edit]

In the 1980s both US and News and Word Report magazine and Barrons began to recognize St. Marys College as a prominent and unique Liberal Arts College in the public sector that was seeking to emulate far more expensive Ivy League Colleges while providing such education at far lower public college prices.[citation needed]

1992: "Public Honors College" designation[edit]

The school was designated by the state of Maryland as a Public Honors College in 1992,[1][47][48] making it one of only two such colleges in the nation at the time.[5] At the same time, the State Legislature also charged the schools board of trustees and its executive leadership with a mission to remain affordable to public education sector students[48] while offering a Liberal Arts education normally only available at private liberal arts colleges.[48]

2014: College ranked "5th in the nation" under category "Public Colleges" by US News and World Report[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College as "5th" in the nation under the category "Top Public Schools" in the "Colleges" category.[7]

For more detail on the development of the college, see the full timeline of the history of St. Marys College.

See also the History of St. Mary's City.

Academics (modern day college)[edit]

Public Honors College Core Curriculum[edit]

St. Mary's College is a public honors college.[4][48] It is one of only two such Public Honors Colleges in the United States. As a part of this, it maintains a core honors-level curriculum that all of its students, regardless of Major, must complete.

College Mission[edit]

Goodpaster and Schafer Halls on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. They are named, respectively, after General Andrew J. Goodpaster, the former Superintendent of West Point Military Academy and William Donald Schafer, the former Governor of Maryland. Both men were very involved in the ongoing development of St. Mary's College of Maryland and each served on it's Board of Trustees for years.
Photo by Steve Pribut.

The mission of St. Mary's Public Honors College is to provide a liberal arts education comparable to prestigious private institutions at public school prices.[4][48]

The Maryland Higher Education Commission’s report, "College 411: A Student Guide to Higher Education and Financial Aid in Maryland" states that:

"St. Mary’s College of Maryland, the State’s public honors college, is committed to providing a liberal arts education of the same high quality found at prestigious private institutions, but with the openness and affordability of a public college.[4]

The guide is published by the state of Maryland[49] and has an introduction from the Governor of Maryland[4] and the State Secretary of Education.[4] The State of Maryland's Higher Education Commission is the State of Maryland's coordinating board[50] responsible for establishing statewide policies for Maryland public and private colleges and universities.[51]

Degrees[edit]

Undergraduate Degrees[edit]

The college has 31 undergraduate programs that allow a choice of 24 Majors,[2] leading to a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.),[2] and 26 minors.[1]

69% of St. Mary’s students major or minor in a second academic discipline.

Popular degree programs: Biology, Economics, English, History, Political Science, Psychology.[2]

Graduate study[edit]

The college offers a Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.).[2] including teacher certification[1][2]

Honors Organizations[edit]

Graduation rates[edit]

Freedom of conscience statue on the campus of St. Mary's College. Completed in 1934 for the 300th anniversary of the founding of the Maryland colony and the birth of religious freedom in America.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 14 June 2011

81% overall gradation rate (including longer than four years)[2]

70% four-year graduation rate,[2] highest of any public institution in Maryland[2] and third highest in the United States among public colleges.[61]
(69% of students pursue dual concurrent degrees or dual minors, which may take longer than four years, in some cases).

10% transfer out rate (students who transfer out of St. Mary's to other undergrad schools)[2]

First year retention rate[edit]

87% of students enroll for a second year[2]

Financial Aid[edit]

79% of students are receiving financial aid[2]

66% of students are receiving grants or scholarships.[2]

Institutional Honors Society Membership[edit]

The school is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society.[57]

Overseas programs[edit]

The Institute of International Education has recognized St. Mary's College of Maryland as being 17th in the nation (public and private schools combined) for the percentage of its undergraduate students who study abroad for at least one semester.[62]

An unusual feature of St. Marys College is that a large majority of its students spend one semester overseas before graduating.[62] In 2012, 79% of the graduating class had spent a semester overseas.[62]

Fulbright program[edit]

St. Mary's College has had many students and faculty win Fulbright awards.[63][64] In the 2009 - 2010 academic year, the college had the second highest number of student Fulbright winners of any public liberal arts college in the nation.[64] In the 2011 - 2012 academic year, it had the 3rd highest number of faculty Fulbright winners in the United States among nation among public and private "Baccalaureate Colleges" (undergraduate colleges).[63]

Music program[edit]

For four years in a row, the Fiske Guide to Colleges has ranked St. Mary's College of Maryland as one of the best small universities/colleges in the U.S. for music study. St. Mary's is the only public liberal arts college listed.

Leadership development programs[edit]

There are many opportunities for leadership development on campus, including positions as a Resident Assistant (RA), as an Orientation Leader (OL), on the school's student Judicial Board, as a Multicultural Academic Peer Program (MAPP) Mentor, within the active Student Government Association (SGA), and among the various Programs Boards.

General Student Services[edit]

  • Academic counseling service[2]
  • Career counseling service[65]
  • Employment search services for students[66]
  • Navigator programs,[67] in all departments (guidance, support and advocacy in staying on track academically)
  • Emerging Scholars Programs (ESP)s in Science, Technology, Engineering, Math and Science[67]
  • Psychological counseling and life counseling (confidential, available through health center)
  • Support groups (confidential, sponsored by health center)
  • St. Mary's College Office of Financial Aid, assistance in accessing financial assistance for tuition and living expenses

Disabled students[edit]

The school also has an office of disability services.[68]

Programs for Minority and Ecomomicaly Disadvantaged Students[edit]

Prince George's Hall, campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.
  • Office of Student Development [69] provides support and advocacy for minority and economically disadvantaged students.[69]
  • Multicultural Achievement Peer Program (MAPP) [69] peer support for minority and other multicultural students [69]
  • H. Thomas Waring Scholarship Fund [70]
  • DeSousa-Brent Scholars Program, for any of the following: economically disadvantaged students, minority students, or first generation-in-family attending college (by generation, not just individuals: siblings may apply)[71][72]
  • Access Student Ambassadors [69] outreach to top minority students in Maryland high schools [69]
  • St. Mary's College Office of Financial Aid, assistance in accessing many minority and need-based scholarships and grants
  • College Bound Foundation (assists disadvantaged students from the city of Baltimore) [69]

National Ranking for Veterans Services[edit]

In 2014, U.S. News and World Report, in its annual "Best College and Universities" report, ranked St. Marys College as "4th" in the nation[73] under the category "Best Colleges for Veterans" in the "Colleges" ranking[7]

Special Programs[edit]

  • Archaeology Field School[8][74]
  • Dual Degree Engineering Program[67]
  • 3:2 Engineering program
  • Robotics lab
  • St. Mary's College Jazz Ensemble[75]
  • Tidewater Music Festival[76]
  • Summer Music Camp[77]
  • International Education and Study Abroad Program
  • Emerging Scholars Program
  • Weitzel Research Award
  • H. Thomas Waring World Fund (study abroad in Gambia Africa for Masters of Teaching students)[70]
  • FOM (Foundations of Mathematics) projects
  • Writing and Speaking Center
  • NAWCAD / AMOTL (Atomic Magneto-Optical Trapping Laboratory) program,[78][79] partnership with Navy particle physics laboratory[78][80]
  • Pre-Health Science program (forms personal pre-health science advisory committees for matriculating students)
  • SMURF (St. Mary’s Undergraduate Research Fellowship program)
  • Center for the Study of Democracy[81][82]
  • The Gambia PEACE Program[83]
  • Teacher Certification Program[1][84]
  • Overseas teaching program (teaching students may spend a semester teaching overseas)
  • Pre-Law program
  • Student Designed Major Program
  • Desousa-Brent Scholars[72][85]
  • Navigatiors Program[67]
  • Nitze Scholars[86]
  • STEM Navigators[67] Further supported by Emerging Scholars Programs (ESP)s in Science, Technology, Engineering, Math and Science[67]
  • CSM/SMCM Computer Science Co-op Program
  • Putnam Math Team
  • Eco-Reps
  • Campus community farm
  • DOD (Department of Defense) Systems Acquisition Certification Program[87]
  • Project Management Certification Program[87]
  • Charlotte Hall Fellows, high school advanced studies program and scholarship for selected exceptional St. Mary's County high school students
  • Computer Science Co-operative Education Program (CSCEP)
  • ESP-REU program (special six week program for students of math)
  • Center for talented youth

Accreditation[edit]

The school is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.[2][3]

Faculty[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland, May Russell Hall. May Russel was the second President of St. Mary's College, she served from 1948-1969.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 14 June 2011

The school has 150 full-time faculty,[2] 14 are current Fulbright scholars
(the college faculty has earned 30 Fulbright research awards in the past 20 years).

There is a 10:1 student-to-faculty ratio,[2] one of the lowest in the nation.

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable trustees[edit]

Nitze Fellows[edit]

Kent Hall, Social Sciences building on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 14 June 2011

Nitze Senior Fellows visit St. Mary's College several times throughout their assigned year to give lectures and meet with Nitze Scholars and other St. Mary's

The 2011–2012 Nitze Fellow is Sophie Delaunay, executive director, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières in the United States.

Previous Nitze Fellows include:

Notable alumni[edit]

Institutions[edit]

The Center for the Study of Democracy[edit]

Margaret Brent Hall on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. Named for Margaret Brent who, on the site of what is now the college, was the first woman to petition the Maryland Assembly for the right to vote in 1648.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 2011

The Center for the Study of Democracy is an interdisciplinary joint initiative of St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City.[126][127] It explores historical and contemporary issues related to democracy and also provides presentations by government officials and other leaders from both developed and developing countries[35] and notable scholars.[35][126] The Center also offers a Democracy Studies minor through St. Mary's College of Maryland.

Colonial St. Mary's City, which was on the site where St. Mary's College of Maryland is located today, was a place where struggles over 'Liberty of conscience' in religion,[6] representative political practices,[10][12] freedom of the press, and minority rights all came to the fore at various times. Utilizing early Maryland as a case study in "emerging democracy," the foundation works to apply the lessons of the region's history to a domestic and international discussion of democracy's role in the modern world.[126][128] The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) We the People initiative awarded the Center a $500,000 challenge grant in September 2004.[129]

Notable advisory board members include:

The James P. Muldoon River Center[edit]

Side of the Muldoon River Center on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. The center is a 13,000 square foot eco-friendly facility[131] that houses the marine biology laboratories of the St. Mary's River Project which is run by the college, and studies the Chesapeake Bay and it's tidal rivers.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 14 June 2011

The St. Mary's River Project / Marine Biology Research[edit]

The St. Mary's River Project, which is a part of the Muldoon River Center, is a state and federally funded marine biology research program, administered through St. Mary's College of Maryland.

Using the St. Mary's River and other nearby waters as field laboratories, the project investigates and monitors the water quality and the ecological health of both the St. Mary's River and the Chesapeake Bay. The project also promotes environment awareness and stewardship in Chesapeake Bay communities. Students work and study in all aspects of the programs activities, including classroom and hands-on field and laboratory learning.

The laboratories and offices of the project are located in the Muldoon River Center, a geothermally heated and cooled building on the campus waterfront.

Geothermal project at the Muldoon River Center[edit]

The Muldoon River Center has a geothermal heating and cooling system,[132] with special pipes running 300 feet down into the ground, to tap the deep soil's energy management potential.[132] The system cools the building in the summer[131] and warms it in the wintertime[131] with an extremely low impact on the environment.

Display diagramming geothermal energy system underneath the Muldoon River Center[132] on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland.[132] The building houses marine biology labs and also the college sailing team.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 2011.

The Slackwater Center[edit]

The Slackwater Center studies the culture and history of St. Mary's County and other Chesapeake bay communities. It's focus is interdisciplinary and it studies the region from both an historical and contemporary point of view.

The center studies, records and documents as well as interprets and reports on current and historical life in Chesapeake Bay communities. The center also has a public education mission. Students engage in historical research and historical interpretation as well as documenting oral histories [133] of living residents. The center utilizes interdisciplinary collaboration and also fosters public education and debate.

It also publishes the Slackwater Journal and maintains an extensive archive.[134]

The center's mission statement says that "We aim to offer a closer look at the rich and complicated legacies of the past, at the social and environmental challenges facing the present, and at our collective visions for the future."[135]

Slackwater Archives[edit]

Preservational and a curatorial roles are also played by the Slackwater Center, primarily through the Slackwater Archives.

The mission of the archives includes preserving, transcribing, analyzing and interpreting:

  • Oral folk life (folk culture) and oral history interviews [136] of the people of St. Mary's County, Maryland. Includes an oral history collection of more than 2,000 folk life and oral life history taped & transcribed interviews, documenting the traditional Chesapeake Bay Tidewater cultures of St. Mary's County.
  • Oral histories [137] documenting the transition to modern St. Mary's County.[138] Uses oral histories of key historical witnesses and participants to document St. Mary's County's transition to its modern era.[139]
  • St. Mary's College oral histories. [140] Documents the growth and history of St. Mary's College of Maryland.
  • The Slackwater Journal. The archive is also a repository for issues of the Slackwater Journal,[141] which has articles and interviews about the history, culture and people of St. Mary's County, past and present.[142]

Historic St. Mary's City Commission (partner institution)[edit]

The St. John's Site[143][144] (on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland):[145] One of the most historic spots in Maryland[146] and possibly North America.[147][148] The first Maryland General Assembly(legislative body) met here,[149] one of the earliest laws protecting religious freedom was written and passed here,[150] the first African American in American history to serve in a legislative body voted here,[151] the first demand in America for a women's right to vote occurred here,[152] an early colonial governor lived here[153] and the first treaties between the Maryland colonists and the Susquehanna Indian Nation where ironed out here as well.[154] Photo by Rob Friesel.
Archeology museum[155] at the St. John's-Site on campus of St.Mary's College of Maryland.[156] With over 200 archeological sites within 2 miles of the campus,[157] history and archeology students can take hands-on courses in archeological excavation,[8] artifact analysis[8] and preservation[8] as well as museum curator work and historic interpretation.
Photo by Rob Friesel.

Historic St. Mary's City, which sits next to the college, is a State-run archeological research, historical research, preservation and interpretation center and an indoor and outdoor museum complex.[158] The area managed by the commission also includes a reconstructed colonial town and sailing ship, located on the historic site of Maryland's first colony.[159]

St. Mary's College and Historic St. Mary's City jointly coordinate programs of study[160] in archeology, history, museum studies, African American studies, political science and theater. This includes both classroom and also hands-on opportunities in archeological excavations, museums, and historic interpretation work.

The commission and it's grounds are considered to be is a major center for colonial archeological research and historical research in the United States.[161] There have been over 200 archeological digs in St. Marys city worked on by the school over the last 30 years.[8]

All St. Mary's Students may also attend St. Mary's City's public access historical sites and all of its museums for free, year round.[162]

The Maryland Heritage Project[edit]

The Maryland Heritage Project is also a collaboration between St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's City.[163] It focuses on the reconstruction of colonial buildings in the Historic St. Mary's City living history area,[164] ongoing development of St. Mary's museum exhibits[165] and also indoor and outdoor historic interpretation.[166]

This involves ongoing projects in archeological research[167] (including working on active archeological excavations),[168] historical research as well as management, preservation and analysis and interpretation of period artifacts and documents. The project also provides hands-on as well as classroom studies in archeology, anthropology, democracy studies, history, international languages and cultures, and museum studies.

The Historical Archaeology Field School[edit]

Archeology student working on an archeological excavation on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland. The college has an internationally recognized archeology program,[8][74] which it operates jointly with Historic St. Mary's City.[8][74]
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 2011.

St. Mary's College of Maryland and Historic St. Mary's Commission also jointly run the Historic Archeological Field School every summer[8] It hosts collection-based courses, beginner to advanced level archeological field training and also summer institutes.[169] The school is attended by students from all over the united States and other countries as well.[8][74] Many of its graduates now hold prominent positions in the field.[74]

The students not only study, but also work in many of the active archeological dig sites in St. Mary's City.[8] Providing extensive hands-on experience, the school teaches all aspects of professional archeological work, including working in real archeological digs, analyzing and conserving artifacts,[8] as well as cataloging, archiving and related historical research. The school has been in existence for more than 40 years.[8][74]

New Leadership for the Chesapeake[edit]

The "New Leadership for the Chesapeake" program trains student's in environmental leadership and advocacy as it relates to the Chesapeake Bay. In addition to leadership and advocacy training, classes and field work also focus on the biological and resource management issues affecting the Bay. The program leads to a certificate.

Chesapeake Writers' Conference[edit]

A summer program that brings together notable authors, writers and educators to foster writers of novels, poetry and other venues.[170] Workshops in writing, classes, lectures, mentoring by notable authors and faculty; creative nonfiction, fiction and poetry are offered.[171]

Rising Tide[edit]

Journal of educational studies written by student interns and faculty of the Masters of Education program at St. Mary's College of Maryland. Focuses on analysis of where real life field experience interfaces with educational theory in the area of diversity in the classroom. Named after the adage "A rising tide lifts all boats."

The Rising Tide Journal states that it's mission is to "prepare reflective teachers to teach all kinds of learners, especially those who are often neglected in schools: poor children, children of color, children with disabilities, children who don't yet speak English.[172]

The Boyden Gallery and Collection[edit]

The Boyden Collection is a 2,000 piece art collection on the campus:

Some notable items in the collection are includes art works by: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, William Merritt Chase, Buckminster Fuller, Marc Chagall, Thomas Hart Benton, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, Alberto Giacometti, and Ad Reinhardt.

The Boyden Gallery rotates between in-house and also special visiting art shows.

St. Mary's College art students receive training and assist in curatorial management, planning and design of gallery shows and special programs[173] The gallery also hosts all-student shows.

St. Mary's College Archives[edit]

Baltimore Hall Library[edit]

St. Mary's Baltimore Hall Library subscribes to 1,000 periodicals in print and has access to around 20,000 in electronic format. Furthermore, the school participates in the consortium of Maryland public colleges and universities (USMAI), through which library materials from 15 other institutes in the University of Maryland System are accessible.[174]

Arts Alliance[edit]

Funds grants for faculty and guest artists during the year, gives annual cash award to students in the arts, furthers outreach on the college campus and within the outstanding community, and works on the development of the college's art collection.[175] The Arts Alliance of St. Mary's College of Maryland is also sponsors of the summer River Concert Series.

Athletic programs[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland has the highest percentage of student-athletes on Capital Athletic Conference's All-Academic team for 6 years in a row.

St. Mary's College teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Seahawks are a member of the Capital Athletic Conference (CAC). In St. Mary's College, there are 15 varsity sports:

St. Mary's Seahawks varsity lacrosse player in motion.
Photo by Daniel Wendell
Varsity Teams
Seasons
  • Fall Sports:

Field Hockey, Men’s and Women’s Soccer, Men's and Women's Cross Country, and Volleyball

  • Winter Sports:

Men’s and Women’s Swimming, Men’s and Women’s Basketball

  • Spring Sports:

Baseball, Men’s and Women’s Lacrosse, Men’s and Women’s Tennis

Sailing program[edit]

Part of the Sailing Team fleet at St. Mary's College of Maryland.
Photo by Elvert Barnes, 14 June 2011

The St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing teams have top national reputations,[131] with a very large number of titles and awards.[131]

See Titles and Awards of the St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing Teams

St. Mary's College has three different sailing teams on campus, as well as a sailing club, and a windsurfing club. The Varsity Sailing Team and Offshore Sailing Team both compete in intercollegiate events around the country and occasionally in international regattas held in venues such as Europe. The Keelboat Sailing Team competes in racing events held by One Design or PHRF (Handicap) organizations in the Chesapeake Bay and other East Coast locations.

The college sailing fleet

Keelboats

  • 1997 Taylor 40 ML
  • B-25
  • 2 Pearson Ensigns
  • 18 racing FJs] [131]
  • 18 more recreational FJs [131]
  • two Lasers [131]
  • two sonars [131]
  • 11 motorboats [131]

Dinghies

Wind surfing The college has many racing-outfitted windsurfers and has a national racing reputation[131]

Sports Accomplishments[edit]

St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing Team drills. The St. Mary’s College of Maryland sailing team currently holds 15 national titles[131] and the school has produced more than 135 ICSA All-American sailors[131][176][177] and also four Olympic sailors,[178] one of whom earned a silver medal at the Olympics.[179] The co-ed and the womens teams have been ranked first in the nation two years in a row.[180]
Photo by Angelala, 2011.

Sailing

Drawing on students from many Chesapeake Bay communities, St. Mary's College of Maryland is one of the top-ranked varsity sailing schools in the nation.[131]

Awards and titles include:

Basketball

  • 17 NCAA Division III athletic teams (9 in women's sports, 8 in men's sports).
  • The St. Mary's College Men's basketball team has been a notable team since the 2007–08 season, winning the Capitol Athletic Conference title 5 times, and making 5 NCAA Division III tournament appearances, including reaching the Sweet 16 in 2008 and 2010, and the Elite 8 in 2011 and 2013.
  • In the spring of 2008, St. Mary's Men's Basketball team was ranked 24th in the nation after making an appearance at the 2007-2008 NCAA Division III Men's Basketball Tournament.[183]

Baseball

St. Mary's athletics are also recognized for its storied varsity baseball team.

Student life[edit]

Student body[edit]

The school has 1,901 undergraduate students[3] and 32 graduate students[2][3]

More than 1,600 students live on campus and in traditional-style residence halls and about 300 students commute

Housing[edit]

On campus living includes dorms. suites, apartments, and townhouses. Within the residences there are four living-learning centers on campus: an International Languages & Cultures (ILC) House; a Women In Science House (WISH); a Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies (WGSX) House and an Eco-House. Furthermore, there are nine Substance and Alcohol Free Environment (SAFE) suites and apartments on campus, as well as floor of a residence hall. Other students join the IBA.

Student townhouses on campus.
Photo by Rob Friesel.

Student participation in governance[edit]

The Student Trustee, a voting member of the Board of Trustees, is chosen from among the students to act as a direct link between the Student Body and the Board of Trustees.[184] Aside from the Student Trustee position, students also participate in numerous other committees with faculty and other members of the administration.

Student data[edit]

As of Fall 2013--

  • the college had 1,901 undergraduate students.[2][3]
  • There were 32 graduate students[2][3]

As of Fall 2012 (the following data runs on a different reporting cycle than the data above)--

  • 59% of students were female, 41% male.[2]
    • 12% of students were from out of state.[2]
    • 97% of undergraduate students attended full-time.[2]
    • 76% of students were Caucasian, 7% were African-American, 5% were Hispanic, 2% were Asian, 0% were American Indian or Alaskan Native, 4% were biracial or multiracial, 3% were of undetermined ethnicity and 2% were nonresident international students.[2] 17% of students were of minority heritage from any group,[2] not including the percentage of nonresident international students who may also be minorities in the United States.[2]
    • Thirty-seven countries are represented among the students.
  • The student:faculty ratio was 10 to 1[2] one of the lowest student faculty ratios for a public college in the United States.[2] It is also among the lowest when compared to private colleges.[2]

Student clubs[edit]

St. Mary's College hosts more than 100 student-run, SGA-sponsored clubs.[185]

Residence organizations[edit]

Campus commons, St. Mary's College of Maryland.
Photo by Rob Friesel

The majority of the on-campus student population lives in traditional college dormitories, group suite apartments and townhouses. 85% of students live on campus.

St. Mary's does not have any social sororities or fraternities. Instead, part of its student residences run on the "House" system. Each house has it's own educational theme, so residents may form community around shared interests.

Campus residence Houses include:

  • International Languages & Cultures (ILC) House;
  • Women In Science House (WISH);
  • Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies (WGSX) House;
  • Eco-House;
  • Furthermore, there are nine Substance and Alcohol Free Environment (SAFE) suites and apartments on campus, as well as the entire floor of a residence hall.

On-campus traditions and events[edit]

  • New students attend a convocation ceremony at the State House of 1634 in Historic St. Mary's City. Afterwards students are invited to sign the President's book.
  • Hallow-Greens, which takes place on a weekend near Halloween is an annual all-student costume event.
  • The Great Bamboo Boat Race takes place during Homecoming/Parent's Weekend. Teams must make a boat entirely out of materials provided for them (bamboo, sheet plastic, twine, and duct tape) and race it in a small loop on the St. Mary's River by the college boathouse and docks. The bamboo is harvested from the campus bamboo forest, where it is considered an invasive species. There are cash prizes for the winners. This event replaced The Great Cardboard Boat Race (an earlier incarnation using cardboard instead of bamboo) in 2010.
  • World Carnival weekend takes place late in the Spring semester. Clubs across campus are invited to participate in this event which celebrates diversity in music, food, and culture.
  • Frisbee golf, Dorchester Open held in the Spring (held for 37 consecutive years, a big alumni event, current students play as well).
  • Midnight breakfast is held during finals week each semester. Admission is free, and many students participate in karaoke during the night.
  • The Black Student Union Fashion Show.
  • During the summer months the college hosts the River Concert Series, an event attended by thousands of people each year.
  • The Dance Club holds a Dance Show once per semester.
  • The Christmas in April auction is an annual fund-raiser in which students, faculty, and staff bid for humorous items such as singing telegrams or cooked dinners from the Admissions staff.
  • Polar Bear Splash: an annual effort to raise awareness for Global Warming. More than one hundred students take a swim in the freezing St. Mary's River during this mid-winter event.[186]
  • Shoe Tree: For a lot of students, throwing a pair of shoes or flip-flops tied together into the shoe tree marks a memorable "first time" on the college campus—i.e. losing one's virginity.[187]
  • On Easter, the upperclassmen prepare the Natty Boh Hunt by buying large quantities of National Bohemian and spray painting them and hiding them all around campus for the freshmen to find. An Occasional 40 will be bought and spray painted gold, known as a Golden 40.
  • On May 1 (May Day) students streak through campus on bicycles. This represents freedom, especially for seniors. Clothed students stand on the sidelines and "offer support".
  • Every April the SMCM Rock Climbing Club sponsors a huge Bouldering (rock climbing) competition called "Friction Fest" which is free and open to both students, staff, faculty, community and the local Navy Base members.


SEVEN WONDERS

Black Eyed Susans, the state flower of Maryland. Seed packets of Black Eyed Susans are given out at some St. Mary's College ceremonies and students are encouraged to plant them around the campus.

The Seven Wonders are seven notable campus landmarks. New students are inducted into the traditions of SMCM by orientation leaders in a tour of the Seven Wonders during orientation and it is a graduation tradition for the departing class to tour the seven wonders and recount stories the evening before graduation. Thus a student's time at SMCM begins and ends with tours of the Seven Wonders. The seven "wonders" are:

  1. The Shoe Tree (see above)
  2. The Bell Tower
  3. St. John's Pond (see above)
  4. Maryland Freedom of Conscience Statue on Route 5 (a.k.a. The Naked Man)
  5. Garden of Remembrance Fountain
  6. 'Hidden' Grave
  7. Church Point
The Garden of Remembrance, one of the campus "Seven Wonders" and a popular spot for weddings as well as for students to study.
Photo by Mornamol.

Off-campus local events (non-school sponsored, but popular among students)[edit]

  • Oyster Festival: The oyster-shucking contest at this annual festival is the last stop before the international championships of oyster shucking.
  • St. Mary's County Fair: A "true hometown" county fair, complete with 4-H events, livestock shows, food, arts and crafts, and a carnival too.
  • Ghost Tour at Point Lookout: Twelve miles south of the College, Point Lookout State Park includes the remains of a Civil War prison for Confederate soldiers, many of whom died of malaria waiting for the War to end. Warranted or not, the area has a long-held reputation as being inhabited by ghosts, and newspapers have covered this locally held perception for over a hundred years. It is now a local tradition that every year a "Ghost Tour" is held at Point lookout on Halloween. Many St. Mary's College students usually attend.
  • Concerts at Calvert Marine Museum: Big names perform at this outdoor venue, right across the bridge in Calvert County: Bob Dylan, The Allman Brothers, Travis Tritt, Martina McBride, Eddie from Ohio.
  • 100 Days celebration: Seniors and Faculty have a celebration counting down 100 days until graduation. It is held at the Green Door in Park Hall, MD. Custom Pint glasses are made to commemorate the occasion.
  • Amish markets and fairs: Central and Northern St. Mary's County have large Amish and also Mennonite Communities. Their culture and faith do not allow the use of cars and so instead they are often seen on county roads riding black Horse-drawn Stagecoaches. They also farm by horse and plow. These communities have a couple of "Amish markets" that sell all-natural farm products (many are pesticide free) as well as bread, other prepared foods and craft items. Although somewhat reserved, Amish people are known in the area for being very kind and humble in their interactions with others. Their markets are very popular in the County.
  • Southern Maryland Celtic Festival. April 26, 2014 marks the 36th year for the oldest Celtic celebration in Maryland. Chosen in 2000 by Congressman Steny Hoyer to represent Southern Maryland in the national “Local Legacy” project of the Library of Congress’ bicentennial celebration, the Southern Maryland Celtic Festival and Highland Gathering highlights the heritage of the Breton, Cornish, Irish, Manx, Scots, and Welsh.
Full sized, complete and working period replica of the 1633 Dove sailing ship,[188][189][190] which along with the Ark brought the first settlers to the Maryland Colony,[191] in what is now St. Mary's City, Maryland.[192] This is one of the ships depicted in the official St. Mary's College seal.
The ship is permanently docked 200 yards from St. Mary's College of Maryland in the state-run Historic St. Mary's City living history complex.
Many St. Mary's College students have worked as sailing crew on the ships voyages, others have worked as period-dress actors on the ship, interpreting history for tourists.

Flickr, photo by Stannate

General information[edit]

Public Charter within the State of Maryland[edit]

St. Mary's, although a state-operated institution, is independent of the University System of Maryland; it opted out of the system in 1992. However, in early 2006, St. Mary's joined the University of Maryland Academic Telecommunications System (UMATS), which interconnects the University System of Maryland with several other networks, including the Internet and Internet2 networks.[193]

School Mascot[edit]

St. Mary's mascot is the Seahawk, which is a nickname for the osprey. These birds are native to St. Mary's City and sometimes they can be seen diving from great heights into St. Johns Pond, in order to catch fish.

Green initiatives[edit]

Goodpaster Hall[edit]

Goodpaster Hall, an academic building devoted to chemistry, psychology, and educational studies that opened in January 2008, was built to a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating of Silver.[194] It is one of few "green" buildings in the state of Maryland.[195]

Energy Conservation[edit]

By upgrading fixtures, adjusting campus facilities operations and raising the campus community awareness about wasteful energy usage, St. Mary’s College of MD is making progress in using energy more efficiently, containing energy expenditures and reducing its impact on the environment.[194]

Geothermal system at the Muldoon River Center[edit]

St Mary's Crossroads Path on St. John's Pond.

See Geothermal project at the Muldoon River Center

Green Energy Fund/Student Energy Referendum[edit]

St. Mary’s College students voted to create a Green Energy Fund by raising student fees $25 per year.[194] The purpose of the Green Energy Fund is to purchase Renewable Energy Credits to offset 100% of the College’s electricity use and fund renewable energy projects on campus.[194] St. Mary’s College received the 2008 EPA Green Power Leadership Club award for their efforts.[194]

Recycling and Composting programs[edit]

St. Mary’s College of MD is expanding its recycling and composting programs.[194] Student volunteers have been collecting recyclable and compostable material from the residences.[194] Compostable bins will soon be available all across campus.[194] The College is looking into partnering up with local farms to develop a larger scale composting facility that can accommodate the significant quantities of compostable food waste from the cafeteria.[194]

Green Cleaning Products[edit]

St. Mary’s College of MD is transitioning to 100% environmentally responsible Green Seal certified cleaning products.[194]

Sustainable grounds-keeping[edit]

St. Mary’s College of MD’s groundkeeping crews are at the forefront of environmental stewardship by implementing sustainable practices.[194] Their efforts include protecting the St. Mary’s River by developing green buffer areas, creating green spaces and wildlife habitat, using integrated past management and minimizing the usage of synthetic fertilizers.[194] SMCM has applied to the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program.[194]

Campus composting[edit]

The college runs a composting system to handle the majority of its biodegradable waste.[194]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Maryland State Archives, Online Manual, "ST. MARY'S COLLEGE OF MARYLAND: ORIGIN & FUNCTIONS" http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/25univ/stmarys/html/stmarysf.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as College Navigator Report, National Center for Educational Statistics, Institute for Educational Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, “St. Mary's College of Maryland”, http://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/?s=MD&pg=5&id=163912
  3. ^ a b c d e f Middle States Commission on Higher Education, "St. Mary's College of Maryland", https://www.msche.org/institutions_view.asp?idinstitution=450
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Maryland Higher Education Commission, "College 411: A Student Guide to Higher Education and Financial Aid in Maryland-- St. Mary's College of Maryland", Page 11, http://www.mhec.state.md.us/publications/StudentOutreachKit/411Guide10-11.pdf
  5. ^ a b "Edward T. Lewis Ph.D, Director, The Wills Group", Executive Profile, Bloomberg Business Week, http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=75358370&privcapId=4272757&previousCapId=740535&previousTitle=NASDAQ%20OMX%20GROUP/THE
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Reconstructing the Brick Chapel of 1667" Page 1, See section entitled "The Birthplace of Religious Freedom" https://stmaryscity.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Chapel-Reconstruction.pdf
  7. ^ a b c "National Liberal Arts Colleges Summary: St. Mary's College of Maryland" U.S. News and World Report Best Colleges and Universities Ranking, 2014 http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/st-mary-s-college-of-maryland-163912/overall-rankings
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Kenneth K. Lam, "Unearthing early American life in St. Mary’s City: St. Mary’s City is an archaeological jewel on Maryland’s Western Shore", Baltimore Sun, Aug 30, 2013, http://darkroom.baltimoresun.com/2013/08/unearthing-early-american-life-in-st-marys-city/#1
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "ST. MARY'S COUNTY, MARYLAND: HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY", Maryland Manual Online, Maryland State Archives, Government of the State of Maryland, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/36loc/sm/chron/html/smchron.html
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Dr. Lois Green Carr, "Margaret Brent (ca. 1601-1671)", MSA SC 3520-2177, Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002100/002177/html/bio.html
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Notable Maryland Women: Margaret Brent, Lawyer, Landholder, Entrepeneur", Winifred G. Helms, PhD, Editor, Margaret W. Mason, section author, Tidewater Publishers, Cambridge Maryland, 1977, page 5, republished online by the Maryland State Archives: Online manual, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002100/002177/pdf/notable.pdf
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  13. ^ a b c d The Maryland State Archives and the University of Maryland at College Park, "A Guide to the History of Slavery in Maryland" section entitled "II The Plantation Revolution", page 7, 2007, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/intromsa/pdf/slavery_pamphlet.pdf
  14. ^ "Vanished Colonial Town Yields Baroque Surprise", New York Times, online Archives, By JOHN HARTSOCK, Special to the New York Times Published: February 5, 1989 http://www.nytimes.com/1989/02/05/us/vanished-colonial-town-yields-baroque-surprise.html
  15. ^ a b c "The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877", By Paul Boyer, Clifford Clark, Karen Halttunen, Sandra Hawley, Joseph Kett, "Chapter: 4 The Bonds of Empire: 1660-1740" page 70, Cengage Learning, publisher, Jan 1, 2012
  16. ^ a b c d e f Francis Graham Lee, "All Imaginable Liberty: The Religious Liberty Clauses of the First Amendment", page 22, University Press of America (June 6, 1995)
  17. ^ "Religion and the Founding of the American Republic, America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 2" section entitled "Roman Catholics in Maryland" Library of Congress,http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel01-2.html
  18. ^ a b Frank D. Roylance, Evening Sun, "They're unearthing more than a chapel at St. Mary's site BURIED PAST", November 13, 1990 http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1990-11-13/news/1990317111_1_chapel-mary-city-brick
  19. ^ a b c d "All of Us Would Walk Together: From City to Plantation", Historic St. Mary's City https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/project/labor-in-marylan/
  20. ^ Historic St. Mary's City, "We would walk together: Life in the Quarters", https://hsmcdigshistory.org/walktogether/index.php/project/life-in-the-quarters/
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  155. ^ "Historic St. Mary's City: St. John’s Site Museum", http://stmaryscity.org/research/st-johns-site/
  156. ^ "Historic St. Mary's City: St. John’s Site Museum", http://stmaryscity.org/research/st-johns-site/
  157. ^ "Discovering the Past", See History section HSMC (Historic St. Marys City) Official website, http://stmaryscity.org/research/
  158. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  159. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  160. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  161. ^ "Historic St. Mary's City Wins Archaeology Award", Baynet, Baltimore, MD - 1/23/2012, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/25944
  162. ^ Virtual Campus Tour.
  163. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  164. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  165. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  166. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
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  168. ^ "Archaeology, Narrative, and the Politics of the Past: The View from Southern Maryland", Page 41, Julia King, University of Tennessee Press; July 30, 2012, ISBN 1572338512, ISBN 978-1572338517
  169. ^ Maryland Heritage Project.
  170. ^ Ted Pugh, Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, "Chesapeake Writers’ Conference held in St. Mary’s County St. Mary’s College of Maryland hosts workshops on the ‘meaningful art’", July 10, 2013 http://www.somdnews.com/article/20130710/NEWS/130719825/1115/chesapeake-writers-x2019-conference-held-in-st-mary-x2019-s-county&template=southernMaryland
  171. ^ Ted Pugh, Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, "Chesapeake Writers’ Conference held in St. Mary’s County St. Mary’s College of Maryland hosts workshops on the ‘meaningful art’", July 10, 2013 http://www.somdnews.com/article/20130710/NEWS/130719825/1115/chesapeake-writers-x2019-conference-held-in-st-mary-x2019-s-county&template=southernMaryland
  172. ^ "Rising Tide Journal of Educational Studies", St. Mary's College of Maryland, https://www.smcm.edu/educationstudies/rising-tide/index.html
  173. ^ Chelsea Bradcovich, The Point News, February 9, 2010 "Students Gain Valuable Experience Designing Boyden Gallery Exhibit" http://thepointnews.com/2010/02/students-gain-valuable-experience-designing-boyden-gallery-exhibit
  174. ^ St. Mary's College Library
  175. ^ Arts Alliance of St. Mary's College of Maryland
  176. ^ a b "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Coed All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/all_american
  177. ^ "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Women's All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/womens_all_american
  178. ^ St. Mary's Colleges of Maryland Athletics information, [3].
  179. ^ [4].
  180. ^ a b "Sailing World Sailing Rankings".
  181. ^ "SMCM Athletics, St. Mary's College of Maryland Sailing : ICSA Women's All-America" http://www.smcmathletics.com/sports/sailing/womens_all_american
  182. ^ [5].
  183. ^ "Seahawks Ranked 24th in Final Division III Poll".
  184. ^ Student Trustee Information
  185. ^ St. Mary's 2013 - 2014 SGA Club Information
  186. ^ A Cool Dip for a Warming Planet
  187. ^ oh so famous shoe tree pictures from college photos on webshots
  188. ^ "Facts about the Maryland Dove", Historic St. Mary's City, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, State of Maryland, https://www.hsmcdigshistory.org/dove-facts/
  189. ^ "The Waterfront at St. Mary’s City", Historic St. Mary's City, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, State of Maryland, https://www.hsmcdigshistory.org/research/blogs-and-podcasts/maryland-beginning/ark-and-dove/
  190. ^ "The Waterfront at St. Mary’s City", Historic St. Mary's City, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, State of Maryland, https://www.hsmcdigshistory.org/research/maritime-curation/
  191. ^ "The Waterfront at St. Mary’s City", Historic St. Mary's City, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, State of Maryland, https://www.hsmcdigshistory.org/research/blogs-and-podcasts/maryland-beginning/ark-and-dove/
  192. ^ "The Waterfront at St. Mary’s City", Historic St. Mary's City, Historic St. Mary's City Commission, State of Maryland, https://www.hsmcdigshistory.org/research/maritime-curation/
  193. ^ Net Services.
  194. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n State of Maryland Higher Education Commission, "St. Mary’s College of Maryland – Green Initiatives" http://mhec.maryland.gov/highered/green/smcmgreen.asp
  195. ^ Goodpaster Hall: Office of Development.