St. Michael, Alaska

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St. Michael
Taciq
City
St. Michael is located in Alaska
St. Michael
St. Michael
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 63°28′16″N 162°3′11″W / 63.47111°N 162.05306°W / 63.47111; -162.05306Coordinates: 63°28′16″N 162°3′11″W / 63.47111°N 162.05306°W / 63.47111; -162.05306
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Nome
Incorporated July 15, 1969[1]
Government
 • Mayor Bobbi Andrews[2]
Area
 • Total 28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Land 21.8 sq mi (56.4 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
Elevation 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 • Total 370
 • Density 16.9/sq mi (6.5/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99659
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-66360

St. Michael (Taciq in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 368 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

St. Michael is located at 63°28′16″N 162°03′11″W / 63.471037°N 162.053181°W / 63.471037; -162.053181[4] on the east side of St. Michael Island at the southeastern end of the Norton Sound.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.1 square miles (73 km2), of which, 21.8 square miles (56 km2) of it is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) of it (22.40%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 368 people, 90 households, and 65 families residing in the city. The population density was 16.9 people per square mile (6.5/km²). There were 93 housing units at an average density of 4.3 per square mile (1.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 6.79% White, 92.66% Native American, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 90 households out of which 54.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.09 and the average family size was 4.79.

In the city the population was spread out with 43.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 14.1% from 45 to 64, and 3.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 114.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,036, and the median income for a family was $34,000. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,692. About 24.2% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 41.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

St. Michael is served by the Bering Strait School District. Anthony A. Andrews School serves grades Pre-K through 12 grades.

History[edit]

The steamer New Packet hired by Al and Ed Schieffelin at the wharf of St. Michael, Alaska, in 1888 before its departure for the Yukon River.

"Redoubt St. Michael" was founded in 1833 by traders of the Russian-American Company, as a trading post for trade with the Yupik people of the area. The trading settlement and the island were named after the archangel Michael.

Fort St. Michael, a U.S. military post, was established in 1897. During the gold rush of 1897, it was a major gateway to the Alaskan interior via the Yukon River Delta (located about 40 miles to the southwest). As many as 10,000 persons were said to live in St. Michael during the gold rush. St. Michael was also a popular trading post for Alaska Natives to trade their goods for Western supplies. Centralization of many Yup'iks from the surrounding villages intensified after the measles epidemic of 1900 and the influenza epidemic of 1918.[6]

St. Michael's population today is largely Yup'ik. Many residents are descendants of Russian traders.

Economy[edit]

The St. Michael economy is based on subsistence food harvests (hunting, fishing and gardening) supplemented by part-time wage earning. Most wage-earning positions are in city government, the IRA council and village corporation, schools and local stores. Some residents hold commercial fishing permits, primarily for the herring fishery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 130. 
  2. ^ "Community: Saint Michael". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ retrieved Dec 14, 2012