St. Michael Vanquishing Satan
|Type||Oil transferred from wood to canvas|
|Dimensions||268 cm × 160 cm (106 in × 63 in)|
Raphael first visited the subject of Michael at the behest of Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino. The miniature was completed in 1504 or 1505 on the back of a draughtboard, possibly commissioned to express appreciation to Louis XII of France for conferring the Order of Saint Michael on Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Urbino's nephew and heir. A little more than a decade after completing the little St. Michael, Raphael was commissioned to revisit the theme, producing St. Michael Vanquishing Satan for Pope Leo X.
Raphael's contemporary, Sebastiano of Venice, wrote Michelangelo in July of the year the painting was completed to complain of the coloring of the work, suggesting that the figure looked smoky or made of iron because of the exaggerated contrast between the two sides. This may have been the hand of Giulio Romano, who according to art historian Eugene Muntz overused black in a heavy-handed fashion to "obtain a more powerful effect." To deal with coloring issues, the painting was restored in 1537-1540 by Francesco Primaticcio. Following further restoration in 1685, it was first transferred to canvas from wood in 1753.
- Cartwright, Julia (18 October 2006). Early Work of Raphael. Kessinger Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4254-9624-1. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- Muntz, Eugene (May 2005 (originally 1888)). Raphael: His Life, Works, and Times. Kessinger Publishing. p. 431. ISBN 978-0-7661-9396-3. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- Champlin, John Denison; Charles Callahan Perkins (1913). Cyclopedia of painters and paintings. C. Scribner's sons. p. 258. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- De Vecchi, Pierluigi (1975). Raffaello. Milan: Rizzoli.
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