St Pölten

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Sankt Pölten
Sankt Poelten.jpg
Coat of arms of Sankt Pölten
Coat of arms
Sankt Pölten is located in Austria
Sankt Pölten
Sankt Pölten
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°12′00″N 15°37′00″E / 48.20000°N 15.61667°E / 48.20000; 15.61667Coordinates: 48°12′00″N 15°37′00″E / 48.20000°N 15.61667°E / 48.20000; 15.61667
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Statutory city
Government
 • Mayor Matthias Stadler (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 108.48 km2 (41.88 sq mi)
Elevation 267 m (876 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 52,145
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3100
Area code 02742
Vehicle registration P
Website www.st-poelten.gv.at

Sankt Pölten (German pronunciation: [zaŋkt ˈpœltn̩]) is the capital city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria. With 52,340 (December 2013) inhabitants, it is Lower Austria's largest city. St Pölten is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt) and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel.

Geography[edit]

The city lies on the Traisen river and is located north of the Alps and south of the Wachau. It is part of the Mostviertel, the southwest region of Lower Austria.

Transport[edit]

The city's main railway station, St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof, is located directly on the West railway of the ÖBB and is also the terminus of the Leobersdorfer Railway, the Mariazellerbahn, the regional railway to Tulln and the regional railway to Krems. It is at the intersection of the Western Motorway A1 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Vienna Road B1. St Pölten is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between the capital and the different regions of Lower Austria.

In the city[edit]

Between 1911 and 1976, a tramline operated in St Pölten. Today, a network of eleven bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a free tourist train in the city centre connects the ancient parts of the city with the government district.

Climate[edit]

St Pölten is divided into the following subdistricts: Altmannsdorf, Dörfl at Ochsenburg, Eggendorf, Ganzendorf, Hafing, Harland, Hart, Kreisberg, Matzersdorf, Mühlgang, Nadelbach, Oberradlberg, Oberwagram, Oberzwischenbrunn, Ochsenburg, Pengersdorf, Pottenbrunn, Pummersdorf, Ragelsdorf, Ratzersdorf at the Traisen, Reitzersdorf, Schwadorf, Spratzern, St Georgen on the Steinfelde, St Pölten, Stattersdorf, Steinfeld, Teufelhof, Unterradlberg, Unterwagram, Unterzwischenbrunn, Viehofen, Völtendorf, Waitzendorf, Wasserburg, Weitern, Wetzersdorf, Windpassing, Witzendorf, Wolfenberg, Wörth and Zwerndorf.

Climate data for St Polten
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
4.0
(39.2)
9.7
(49.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.5
(58.1)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73)
25.0
(77)
25.1
(77.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.0
(57.2)
6.5
(43.7)
3.0
(37.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1
(30)
2
(36)
4
(39)
9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
14
(57)
9
(48)
3
(37)
1
(34)
8
(46)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.1
(34)
4.4
(39.9)
9.2
(48.6)
12.3
(54.1)
14.1
(57.4)
14.0
(57.2)
10.6
(51.1)
5.9
(42.6)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.5
(41.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.22)
35
(1.38)
44
(1.73)
55
(2.17)
78
(3.07)
94
(3.7)
97
(3.82)
82
(3.23)
54
(2.13)
40
(1.57)
20
(0.79)
44
(1.73)
702
(27.64)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.2 87.4 129.7 168.8 224.6 221.9 234.9 232.5 165.8 118.3 58.8 45.4 1,743.3
Source: Weatherbase [2]

History[edit]

The baroque cathedral

The oldest part of the city is built on the site of the ancient Roman city of Aelium Cetium that existed between the 2nd and the 4th century. In the year 799, it was called Treisma. St Pölten didn't become a town until 1050 and officially became a city in 1159. Until 1494 St Pölten was part of the diocese of Passau, and then became the property of the state. A Benedictine monastery was founded in 771. In 1081 it hosted the Augustinian Chorherren and in 1784 their Kollegiatsstift closed. Since 1785, this building has hosted the cathedral of St Pölten. The city replaced Vienna as the capital of Lower Austria with a resolution by the Lower Austrian parliament on 10 July 1986. The Lower Austrian government has been hosted in St Pölten since 1997.

The name St Pölten is derived from Hippolytus of Rome. The city was renamed to Sankt Hippolyt, then St Polyt and finally St Pölten.

Politics[edit]

Municipal council and City's senate

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council consists of 42 members and since the municipal elections in 2001 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in St Pölten were held in October 2006.

City's senate[edit]

The town hall

The city's senate consists of 11 members:

  • SPÖ: Martin Fuhs, Mag. Renate Gamsjäger, Engineer Franz Gunacker, Robert Laimer, Wolfgang Nowak, Mag. Johann Rankl, Mag. Ingrid Heihs
  • ÖVP: Alfred Neuhauser, Josef Fraberger
  • Greens: Silvia Buschenreiter
  • FSP: Hermann Nonner

Mayor[edit]

On 9 July 2004 the municipal council elected the former senator for culture Mag. Matthias Stadler (SPÖ) as the new mayor of St Pölten. The first vice mayor is Susanne Kysela (SPÖ); the second vice mayor is Engineer Johannes Sassmann (ÖVP).

The City's Seal

Coat of arms, colours and seals[edit]

The arms' blazon is silver and azure; on the right a fess gules, on the left a wolf rampant silver langued gules and armed Or.

The colours of the city are red and yellow. The seal of the city contains its coat of arms surrounded by the text Landeshauptstadt St. Pölten. The administration's seal of the magistrate also contains the city's coat of arms with the text Magistrat der Stadt St. Pölten.

Economy[edit]

As of 15 May 2001, 40,041 people worked in 2,711 companies in the city. 23 of those companies are large-scale enterprises with more than 200 employees each.

Media[edit]

Several media companies are based in St Pölten. These are "@cetera", a literary-cultural magazine; "City-Flyer", an online magazine describing the cultural offerings of the city, which is published on paper monthly; "Campus Radio", a radio station from the University of Applied Sciences; "HiT FM", a radio station broadcasting in Lower Austria; "LetHereBeRock", an online youth magazine about the alternative rock scene; NÖN, a Lower Austrian newspaper; the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation for Lower Austria; and the local television channel "P3tv".

Large-scale Enterprises[edit]

The largest companies based in St Pölten are the furniture producer Leiner, the paper manufacturer Salzer, and the family owned engineering conglomerate Voith.

Public facilities[edit]

Population trend

Educational facilities[edit]

  • Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium St. Pölten [1] (public gymnasium)
  • Public educational facility for kindergarten pedagogy and social pedagogy
  • Public economics school and economics academy
  • Bundesreal- and Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium (BORG) Schulring (public high-level gymnasium)
  • St. Pölten University of Applied Sciences (fields: computer simulation, media management, social work, telecommunication and media)
  • Public higher educational facility for professions in economics and school for social professions
  • Public higher technical educational facility and laboratory (fields: EDP and organisation, electronics, electrical engineering, machine engineering, economic engineering) with university of applied sciences for machine construction
  • New Design University (interior architecture and graphics design)
  • Lower Austrian state academy
  • Philosophical-theological university
  • Folk high school
  • Lower Austrian institute for promotion of economy development (WIFI)

Leisure and sports sites[edit]

Aerial photo

Swimming is available at Aquacity (indoor swimming pool), the St. Pölten outdoor swimming pool and Ratzersdorf Lake (a bathing pond where a nudist beach, beach volleyball, and miniature golf) are available. For fitness training there is the City-Treff - Pueblo, the Lifeline, the Reebok and the Seepark. In addition, the city has:

St Pölten hosts a primary base of the Lower Austrian state sports school.

Tennis[edit]

Every year in the third week of May the ATP tournament takes place in St Pölten. There are multiple local tennis stadiums, including the Arena im Aufeld, the tennis centre Allround, the tennis courts by the local ice sport association 1872, the courts in St. Georgen, the courts at the Ratzersdorfer Pond, the courts in the Lower Austrian state sports school and the courts of the leisure park Megafun.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

St Pölten is twinned with the following cities:

Culture and objects of interest[edit]

13-04-13-st-poelten-domplatz-315a.jpg
Landhaus
Festspielhaus
Landesmuseum
Klangturm
Landesbibliothek

Theatres[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Diocese museum St. Pölten
  • Museum im Hof
  • Lower Austrian state museum
  • Lower Austrian documentation institute for modern art
  • Private museum "Wilhelmsburger ornament and utensil dishes"
  • City museum St. Pölten

Others[edit]

  • Repertory theatre Cinema Paradiso
  • Former synagogue
  • Klangturm (tower), the city's landmark
  • Stadtsäle (public event hall)
  • Youth culture hall frei.raum
  • VAZ (Veranstaltungszentrum, event-centre)
  • Drunter & Drüber (≈"haywire"; "higgledy-piggledy"; "topsy-turvy"), a pub in the inner city
  • Tonkünstler Orchestra
  • Business Center Niederösterreich
  • Apotheke zum goldenen Löwen (pharmacy since 1545), oldest shop in town, famous baroque facing

Regular events[edit]

  • ATP tennis tournament
  • Cinema at the cathedral (Film am Dom)
  • Capital city festival
  • International culture and film festival
  • Parliament festival
  • St Pölten festival weeks "Klangweile"
  • St Pölten Höfefest
  • FM4 Frequency Festival

Notable people[edit]

Literature[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
  2. ^ "Weatherbase". Weatherbase. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ "City of Brno Foreign Relations - Statutory city of Brno" (in Czech). 2003 City of Brno. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Brno - Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006-2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  5. ^ de:Martin Fiala (Komponist)

External links[edit]