St. Patrick's Basilica (Ottawa)

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St. Patrick's Basilica, Ottawa, Ontario
St. Patrick's Basilica 281 Nepean Street Ottawa, Ontario
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website www.basilica.org
History
Dedication St. Patrick
Administration
Parish Ontario
Diocese Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ottawa
Province Canada

St. Patrick's Basilica, located at 281 Nepean Street (at the corner of Nepean and Kent), is the oldest English-speaking Roman Catholic Church in Ottawa, Canada.[1]

History[edit]

The parish was founded in 1855. Originally, it was intended to serve not only the English-speaking Catholics of Ottawa, but also those of the City of Hull (now absorbed into Gatineau) across the Ottawa River in Quebec as well. These were mostly of Irish descent; thus the parish was dedicated to St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.[1]

A memorial plaque was unveiled on June 11, 1916 and is dedicated to St. Patrick's Basilica in appreciation for the privilege of worshipping in this church by the commanding officer (from 19 Jun 1916 to 13 Sep 1916) Lieutenant Colonel D.R. Street, officers N.C.O.s. and Men of the (Ottawa) 77th Overseas Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force (C.E.F.).[2]

A World War I memorial painting, which depicts angels meeting a dying soldier on the battlefield and Jesus Christ on the cross, was erected by the parishioners and is dedicated to the soldiers of the St. Patrick's Basilica parish who fell during The Great War. At the bottom of the painting's wooden frame is the list of those soldiers.[3]

The Holy Name Society and Tabernacle Society erected a pair of stained glass windows depicting Military saints, which are dedicated to the Parish members who returned from World War II and those who made the supreme sacrifice.[4]

Memorial scrolls are dedicated to the members of the St. Patrick's Basilica Parish[5] and Our lady of Perpetual Help Parish who volunteered for active service with Canada's fighting forces during World War II.[6]

The Church was elevated to Basilica status on St. Patrick's Day, 1995.[7]

Architecture[edit]

St. Hubert stained glass window in St. Patrick's Basilica, Ottawa by Franz Mayer & Co. of Munich 1898
St. Elizabeth of Hungary and Ludwig IV of Thuringia in St. Patrick Basilica, Ottawa by Franz Mayer & Co. of Munich 1898

Design for the present church building started in 1869 under the direction of architect Augustus Laver.[8]

Laver's firm, Fuller and Laver, also designed the East and West blocks of Ottawa's Parliament Buildings. In 1872, the cornerstone was blessed by Bishop Guigues (the first Bishop of Ottawa), and was laid by Sir John A. Macdonald (the first Prime Minister of Canada).

King McCord Arnoldi (architect) was responsible from 1874–75 for the completion of the original design prepared in 1869 by Augustus Laver.[9]

In 1875 the building, not quite complete, was blessed by Bishop Guigues' successor, Bishop Duhamel.

In 1898, Louis Zephirin Gauthier designed major alterations and a new altar for St. Patrick's, Kent Street at Nepean Street.[10]

The Basilica is one of the regular buildings featured in the Doors Open Ottawa architectural heritage day.[11]

The building is made of local stone[12] in the Gothic Revival style and features a carved and stencilled ceiling, marble altars, stained glass windows, and oak pews dating to 1954. The base of the current Altar of Sacrifice was originally the site of the raised marble pulpit. This latter was originally installed in 1930 and relocated slightly in an interior renovation of 2003. The Altar of Reservation was built in 1902. To the right of the altar is a beautiful replica of Murillo's Assumption of the Virgin Mary, hand painted by Québéc nuns in 1929.[12] The ceiling, most of the murals, and some of the stained glass windows are the work of Guido Nincheri from the 1920s and 1930s. The Stations of the Cross are bas-reliefs from 1876.

At the main entrance to the church are the World War I and World War II memorials listing the names of parishioners who died in those wars.

The church seats about 1,000.

In 1998 the basement of the church was excavated to form a basement (called the Scavi) containing a kitchen, meeting rooms, the Book Shop, and a Lourdes Grotto. The large area around the Lourdes Grotto is about two-thirds the size of the main church used for Mass on occasions when the main church cannot be used.

Restoration[edit]

In 2009, the Basilica won the North American Copper in Architecture Awards (NACIA) in the Historical Restoration division. Engineering consultant John G. Cooke of John G. Cooke & Associates collaborated with building contracting firm Lari Construction to repair, replace and repoint stones, install anchors, and install a new copper roof. Heather & Little furnished the structure with a new copper steeple, copper cornice and dentil bands, belfry louvers, ornaments, and the stunning 20-oz copper ceiling of the spire.[13][14][15] Work was done following the Canadian Federal Government publication Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada.[16]

Organ[edit]

The first pipe organ of 1887 was built by S.R. Warren & Son. It was a two manual (Great and Swell) with pedal. About 30% of the present organ is from the original Warren. Casavant rebuilt and enlarged the Warren in 1898 to a three manual and pedal. Finally, Casavant rebuilt most of the mechanical parts of the organ again in 1930, adding chimes and a tremulant.[17] The electric wiring was installed at that time as well, replacing an earlier water-powered motor.[1]

Choirs[edit]

The basilica has five choirs[1] under the direction of organist and choir director Francesca Bailey, A.R.C.T. The Adoremus Choir is an SATB choir focusing on the sacred classics in English and Latin at the 12:15 p.m. Mass on Sundays. The Saint Patrick's Singers are a group of volunteer soloist singers who provide their professional services on alternating weeks with the Basilica Choir, the oldest one at the St. Patrick's, who sing predominantly English unison music at the 11:00 a.m. Sunday Mass. A Youth Choir and a Children's Choir sing at the 9:30 a.m. Sunday Mass on alternate weeks.[1]

Parish life[edit]

St. Patrick's Basilica has a number of social and devotional groups for parishioners:

Regular devotional events include:

The Basilica offers masses, confessions, daily holy hours and Novena throughout the week.[12] The Basilica offers masses, confessions, daily holy hours and Novena throughout the week.[23] Daily Masses before work (7:00 a.m., 8:00 a.m.), during lunch (12:15 p.m.), and after the workday (4:30 p.m.), with confessions before each service; Catholics citywide make use of the confessionals at Saint Patrick's.[1]

Masses for Sunday obligation are:

  • Saturdays: 4:30pm (Low Mass)
  • Sundays: 8:00am (Low Mass), 9:30am, 11:00am, 12:15pm, 9:00pm

Educational activities include a formal R.C.I.A. program and a Continuing Adult Faith Formation program which has featured a variety of guest speakers. There is also a Book and Gift Shop in the Scavi.

Social events include pancake breakfasts by the Knights of Columbus and a St. Patrick's day dinner.[1]

Pastors and rectors[edit]

St. Patrick's has had a dozen pastors and, since its elevation to Basilica status, three Rectors.[1]

  • Father Aeneas McDonnell Dawson (Pastor 1855–61)
  • Father James McGrath, OMI (Pastor 1861–66)
  • Father John Joseph Collins (Pastor 1866–77)
  • Father John Lalor O'Connor (Pastor 1877–81)
  • Father Matthew J. Whelan (Pastor 1881–1922)
  • Monsignor George Edward Fitzgerald (Pastor 1922–39)
  • Monsignor George David Prudhomme (Pastor 1939–51)
  • Monsignor J. Leo LeSage (Pastor 1951–61)
  • Bishop Joseph Raymond Windle (Pastor 1961–69)
  • Bishop John M. Beahen (Pastor 1969–77)
  • Monsignor Francis French (Pastor 1977–93)
  • Monsignor David J. P. Corkery (Pastor 1993–95, First Rector 1995–98 )
  • Monsignor Robert Martineau (Rector 1999–2009)
  • Father Richard Siok (Rector 2009–2013)

The rector since 2013 is Fr Bosco Wong.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Parish website http://www.basilica.org
  2. ^ "77th Overseas Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force plaque". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. 
  3. ^ "Great War memorial painting". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. 
  4. ^ "Military saint memorial windows". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. 
  5. ^ "St. Patrick's Basilica scroll". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Our lady of Perpetual Help Parish scroll". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Augustus Laver. Dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org. Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  9. ^ (Free Press [Ottawa], 20 July 1874, 2, t.c.) King McCord Arnoldi
  10. ^ Louis Zephirin Gauthier. Dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org. Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  11. ^ [2][dead link]
  12. ^ a b c OttawaPlus http://www.ottawaplus.ca/ottawa/venues/saint-patricks-basilica-centretown?set_language=en
  13. ^ Copper Metal Stampings for Restoration of Sheet Metal Exterior of Church Steeple. Heatherandlittle.com. Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  14. ^ St. Patrick’s Basilica. Coppercanada.ca. Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  15. ^ Building & Architecture News – January 2010. Copper.org (25 August 2010). Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  16. ^ [3][dead link]
  17. ^ http://www.basilica.org/pdf/History_Basilica_Organ.pdf
  18. ^ Saint Patrick's Basilica Council 12158 http://www.kofcstpatsbasilica.org/
  19. ^ Legion of Mary Senatus of Ottawa http://sites.google.com/site/legionofmarysenatusofontario/
  20. ^ Christian Meditation Group http://www.basilica.org/pages/meditation_group.php
  21. ^ [4][dead link]
  22. ^ Eucharistic Adoration in the Province of Ontario Canada. Therealpresence.org. Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
  23. ^ Saint Patrick's Basilica-Centretown — Ottawa Plus.ca. Ottawaplus.ca (27 July 2009). Retrieved on 6 January 2014.
Bibliography
  • Casey, Maurice (18 August 2010), The Parish of St. Patrick of Ottawa And What Led To It: An Historical Sketch by Maurice Casey, Ottawa, Ontario: Nabu Press This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. 
  • McEvoy, Maurice, Enduring Faith; a History of Saint Patrick's Basilica Parish, Ottawa, 1855 - 2005, Ottawa, Ontario 365.M.22.0: Saint Patrick's Basilica 
  • O'Dwyer, William C, Highways of Destiny; a History of the Diocese of Pembroke, Ottawa Valley, Canada [Roman Catholic Church], Ottawa, Ontario 365.O.03.0: S 

Genealogy links[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°25′00″N 75°42′02″W / 45.416678°N 75.700505°W / 45.416678; -75.700505