St. Paul's Parish Church (Brandywine, Maryland)
St. Paul's Parish Church
St. Paul's Parish Church, November 2011
|Location||13500 Baden Westwood Road off Maryland Route 381, Brandywine, Maryland|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||September 15, 1977|
St. Paul's Church, also known as St. Paul's Church, Baden, or St. Paul's Parish, Prince George's County, is located at 13500 Baden-Westwood Road, in Baden, a community near Brandywine in Prince George's County, Maryland. It was originally constructed in 1733–1735. A porch on the north side was enclosed in 1769, and in 1793 an addition of 26 by 30 feet was made to the south side. The Bishop's Window, a memorial to Bishop Thomas John Claggett, is at the chancel window. In 1921 the sanctuary was widened and the chancel deepened.
St. Paul's Church is significant in the history of the Episcopal Church in Maryland for several reasons. First, the perpetuation of this church has provided a record of the religious life of its founders and the generations who followed beginning in 1733. Secondly, St. Paul's illustrates the evolution of a small, rural, colonial church into an American-style cruciform structure. Third, St. Paul's also demonstrates the part that agriculture, particularly of tobacco, played in the 18th century history of the Church of England in Maryland.
The building is a brick structure laid up in Flemish bond with a pattern of glazed headers where the brickwork has not been altered. The plan is a Latin cross, with a nave two bays long and transept arms one bay long; the present apse is an alteration.
History of St. Paul's Parish
In 1692, the Church of England became the established church of the Province of Maryland through an Act of the General Assembly. Ten counties had been established in the colony, and those counties were divided into 30 parishes. St. Paul's Parish was one of these first 30. From 1692 until Prince George’s County was created in 1696, it was in Calvert County. In 1704, St. Paul’s Parish was divided by the General Assembly and the northern part became Queen Anne Parish, while the remainder continued as St. Paul's Parish.
St. Paul's Parish is one of 4 of the original 30 with that name. The others are St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church (Baltimore, Maryland), St. Paul's Church, Centreville, Maryland and St. Paul's Church (Fairlee, Maryland).
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "St. Paul's Parish Church". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Illustrated Inventory 906 (PDF), Maryland National Capital Park and Planning Commission, pp. page 6, retrieved 2007-09-15
- Sprague, William Buell (1859). Annals of the American Pulpit; or Commemorative Notices of Distinguished American Clergymen of Various Denominations From the Early Settlement of the Country to the Close of the Year Eighteen Hundred and Fifty Five, Volume V. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers. pp. pages 34–38.
- St. Barnabas’ Episcopal Church (PDF), St. Barnabas’ Episcopal Church, retrieved 2007-07-18
- Middleton, the Rev. Canon Arthur Pierce, PhD, Anglican Maryland, 1692–1792, Virginia Beach: The Donning Company, 1992, pp. 5, 93–94, ISBN 0-89865-841-1
- Middleton, the Rev. Canon Arthur Pierce, PhD, Anglican Maryland, 1692–1792, Virginia Beach: The Donning Company, 1992, pp. 5, 93–98, ISBN 0-89865-841-1
- St. Paul's Parish Church, Baden, Prince George's County, Inventory No.: PG:86B-14, including photo in 1974, at Maryland Historical Trust website
- M-NCPPC Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County); St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, entry 86B-014, p. 187
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MD-110, "St. Paul's Church, Northwest side Baden-Naylor Road, intersection with Horsehead Road, Baden, Prince George's County, MD", 17 photos, 8 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- Waymarking listing for St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden