St. Paul, Oregon

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St. Paul, Oregon
City
U.S. Bank branch in the city
U.S. Bank branch in the city
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°12′40″N 122°58′36″W / 45.2112295°N 122.9767662°W / 45.2112295; -122.9767662Coordinates: 45°12′40″N 122°58′36″W / 45.2112295°N 122.9767662°W / 45.2112295; -122.9767662
Country United States
State Oregon
County Marion
Incorporated 1901
Government
 • Mayor Steve Manners
Area[1]
 • Total 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
 • Land 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 169 ft (51.5 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 421
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 425
 • Density 1,451.7/sq mi (560.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97137
Area code(s) 503 and 971
FIPS code 41-64850[4]
GNIS feature ID 1163248[5]

St. Paul is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. It is named after the Saint Paul Mission founded by Archbishop François Norbert Blanchet, who arrived in the Oregon Territory in 1838 to minister to the Catholic inhabitants of French Prairie.[6] The population was 421 at the 2010 census. The city is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Tombstone of William Cannon

French Prairie settlers built a log church near this locale in 1836.[7] On January 6, 1839, Father (later Archbishop) Blanchet celebrated the first Catholic mass in Oregon at St. Paul, when he blessed the log church and dedicated it to St. Paul.[7]

St. Paul Roman Catholic Church was built in 1846 and is the oldest brick building in the Pacific Northwest.[8]

St. Paul post office was established in 1874.[6] The city was incorporated in 1901.

Pioneer cemetery[edit]

St. Paul Pioneer Cemetery, founded in 1839, is the burial location for William Cannon, the only authenticated Revolutionary War veteran buried in Oregon.[9][10] He had arrived in Oregon in 1811 as part of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company.[9][10] His is the only grave marked with an upright headstone in the cemetery.[11] Only one other grave is marked; the rest of the grave markers were mistakenly bulldozed in the 1930s.[12]

Along with Cannon, 535 other early settlers and Native Americans are buried in the pioneer cemetery, including Étienne Lucier, known as "The Father of Oregon Agriculture", and François Rivet and Philippe Degre who claimed to be members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.[10][13] Rivet had accompanied the expedition as far as Fort Mandan, and Degre attached himself in to the company while they wintered there in 1804–1805.[10][14]

A wall of remembrance in the cemetery was dedicated in 2005, with members of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon as honored guests.[10] Early French Canadian settlers often married women from the local tribes, which included the Clackamas, Molala and Kalapuya.[10]

Archbishop Blanchet was originally buried in the pioneer cemetery, but his remains were later moved to St. Paul Catholic Cemetery a few blocks away.[10][12] The new cemetery was founded in 1875 and includes a "Nuns Corner", where several sisters who had originally been buried in a corner of the convent garden were reinterred.[15] Early settler and provisional legislator William J. Bailey is also buried at the new cemetery.

Geography[edit]

St. Paul's U.S. Post Office

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2), all of it land.[1]

The city is near Mission Creek, a tributary of Champoeg Creek, which flows into the Willamette River.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 421 people, 147 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,451.7 inhabitants per square mile (560.5 /km2). There were 151 housing units at an average density of 520.7 per square mile (201.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 0.5% Native American, 4.8% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.7% of the population.

There were 147 households of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.1% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.28.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 30.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 354 people, 123 households, and 90 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.4 people per square mile (471.3/km²). There were 128 housing units at an average density of 445.2 per square mile (170.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.25% White, 0.28% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 18.08% from other races, and 2.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.71% of the population.

There were 123 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 110.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $55,000. Males had a median income of $39,583 versus $25,357 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,144. About 3.8% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Bronco rider at the St. Paul Rodeo

Annual cultural events[edit]

The St. Paul Rodeo has been held every 4th of July since 1935.[16] It is one of the 20 largest rodeos in the U.S. and was voted by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association as the finest rodeo in the Pacific Northwest in 1991.[16]

Also, every summer, the Professional Bull Riders holds a minor-league (or Touring Pro Division (TPD)) event in St. Paul.

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

The center of St. Paul was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1982 as the St. Paul Historic District.[17] The district includes 63 contributing properties,[18] with St. Paul Catholic Church, which is also individually listed on the NRHP, as the centerpiece.[7]

Education[edit]

St. Paul High School

Public education in St. Paul is provided by the two-school St. Paul School District. St. Paul Elementary School serves grades Pre-K through 6, and St. Paul Middle & High School serves grades 7 through 12. St. Paul Parochial School, a private Pre-K through eighth grade parish school, was founded in 1844 by six Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur as Sainte Marie de Willamette.[19] The sisters ran the school until 1853.[19] In 1861, the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary took over the school and ran it through the 1980s.[19] From 1993-2000, the school was served by the Sisters of St. Mary of Oregon.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Oregon Route 219 passes through St. Paul.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  7. ^ a b c "St. Paul Catholic Church, Marion County". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  8. ^ Edmonston, George P., Jr.; Patricia Filip. "Rewrites: A look at five OSU researchers who are revolutionizing their academic disciplines". Oregon Stater. Oregon State University Alumni Association. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  9. ^ a b Laidlaw, Tom (Fall 2005). "Fort Vancouver's First Blacksmith". The Forge and Plane (Fort Vancouver: Fort Vancouver Trades Guild, National Park Service). Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "The Wall of Remembrance". St. Paul Mission Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  11. ^ "Marion County: 150 Miles for 150 Years". Marion County, Oregon. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  12. ^ a b Langlois, Ed (June 9, 2005). "Cemetery dedication honors Native Americans and early Catholic pioneers". Northwest Catholic Progress. Archdiocese of Seattle. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  13. ^ Olson, Gunnar (May 14, 2005). "Wall of Remembrance: Recognizing the buried". The Newberg Graphic. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  14. ^ Clark, Arthur H. (1970). The Men of the Lewis and Clark Expedition: A Biographical Roster of the Fifty-One Members and a Composite Diary of their Activities from all Known Sources. Glendale. p. 66. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  15. ^ "Saint Paul Cemetery, Saint Paul, Marion County, Oregon". Interment.net. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  16. ^ a b "History of the St. Paul Rodeo". St. Paul Rodeo Association. Retrieved 2009-10-15. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Oregon National Register List". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  18. ^ "St. Paul Historic District". Oregon Historic Sites Database. Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  19. ^ a b c d "History". St. Paul Parochial School. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 

External links[edit]