St. Peter's Church, Jaffa

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St. Peter's Church
Israel-2013-Jaffa 25-St. Peter's Church.JPG
St. Peter's Church facade
Basic information
Location Israel Jaffa, Israel
Geographic coordinates 32°3′17.2″N 34°45′7.5″E / 32.054778°N 34.752083°E / 32.054778; 34.752083Coordinates: 32°3′17.2″N 34°45′7.5″E / 32.054778°N 34.752083°E / 32.054778; 34.752083
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Year consecrated 1654
Leadership Franciscan
Architectural description
Architectural style Latin American Baroque
Direction of façade Southeast
Groundbreaking 1888
Completed 1894
Specifications
Spire(s) 1

St. Peter's Church (Hebrew: כנסיית פטרוס הקדוש, Knessiaht Petrous Hakadosh) is a Franciscan Church in Jaffa, part of Tel Aviv, in Israel.

History[edit]

Ottoman period[edit]

The church was built in 1654 in dedication to Saint Peter over a medieval citadel that was erected by Frederick II and restored by Louis IX of France at the beginning of the second half of the thirteenth century.[1] However, in the late eighteenth century the church was twice destroyed and consequently twice rebuilt. The current structure was built between 1888 and 1894 and most recently renovated in 1903.[2]

Today[edit]

Masses are conducted in English, Spanish, Polish, and Hebrew. A schedule is available at the church and it is open to the public every day.[3] Among contemporary worshippers are Polish foreign workers who come here to pray on Saturdays, their day off.[4]

Architecture[edit]

With its tall brick facade and towering belfry, St. Peter's Church is the single largest and most distinctive building in Old Jaffa. The interior of the church is reminiscent of cathedrals in Europe, with a high vaulted ceiling, stained glass windows and marble walls. The stained glass windows were manufactured in Munich by renowned artist Franz Xaver Zettler. The four panels in the anterior of the church depict episodes from the life of St. Peter, including the miraculous catch of fishes, the giving of the keys, the Transfiguration of Christ on Mount Tabor and the Washing of the feet at the Last Supper. With the exception of depictions of Tabitha, Saint Francis of Assisi, and the Immaculate Conception, all of the other windows in the church depict Spanish Saints; not surprising as the present building was erected by Spain. Also of note is the pulpit which is carved in the shape of a lifelike tree.[1]

St. Peter's Church also contains thirteenth century remnants of St. Louis' citadel located outside and to the right of the sacristy. The remnants include two whole rooms which are circular in shape, have low ceilings and fire embrasures. It is in these rooms that Napoleon Bonaparte is said to have lived while he was at St. Peter's in 1799 during his campaign in Egypt and Syria.[1]

Significance[edit]

The church was constructed on its present location because of the significance Jaffa has to Christianity. It was in Jaffa that Saint Peter raised Tabitha, one of Jesus' disciples, from the dead according to the Acts of the Apostles, 9:36-43, 10:1-4. The church is dedicated to him.[5]

Since the large church is located on a hill near the shore, the building has historically dominated the view of Jaffa from the sea, thus serving as a beacon to pilgrims, signaling that the Holy Land was near.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kliot, Nurit; Yoel Mansfeld; Keren Sagi (2006). Christian Tourism to the Holy Land: Pilgrimage During Security Crisis. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-4703-4. 
  2. ^ a b "St. Peter's Church". Israel Ministry of Tourism. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
  3. ^ "St. Peter's Church and Monastery". American Airlines. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
  4. ^ Beck, Mordechai. "The Magic of Jaffa". The Hagshama Department of the World Zionist Organization. Retrieved 2009-01-14. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Saint Peter in Jaffa". btlr.com. Retrieved 2009-01-06.