St. Pierre Cathedral, Saint-Pierre

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St. Pierre Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Saint-Pierre (French)
A pink cathedral with a bell tower at the centre
46°46′52″N 56°10′20″W / 46.78111°N 56.17222°W / 46.78111; -56.17222Coordinates: 46°46′52″N 56°10′20″W / 46.78111°N 56.17222°W / 46.78111; -56.17222
Location Rue Jacques Cartier, Saint-Pierre
Country Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Denomination Roman Catholic
Architecture
Status Cathedral
Functional status Active
Groundbreaking 1905
Completed 1907 (1907)
Administration
Diocese Roman Catholic Vicariate Apostolic of Iles Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Clergy
Bishop(s) Marie Pierre François Auguste Gaschy

St. Pierre Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Saint-Pierre (Saint-Pierre et Miquelon)) is an early 20th-century church that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Vicariate Apostolic of Iles Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It is located close to the harbour front of the capital city on the rue Jacques Cartier.

The construction of the cathedral began in the late 17th century and it opened in 1690. Due to renovations and reconstruction, the current structure dates back to 1907. The church is noted for containing stained glass windows that were donated by Charles de Gaulle.

History[edit]

In 1668, French settlers began inhabiting the islands, bringing their Catholic faith along with them.[1] Construction of the cathedral most likely started after this time and it was completed in 1690.[2] The building remained standing until November 1902, when it was obliterated—along with the majority of the town—in the Great Fire,[3] which originated from the cathedral.[4] St. Pierre was subsequently rebuilt from 1905 to 1907 using Basque-style architecture.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St. Pierre Cathedral was built in the Basque style of architecture[2] and is noted for its mixture of European and local Saint-Pierrais features in its design. This is demonstrated in the church's incorporation of Alsatian sandstone and native pink granite.[5]

When the cathedral was rebuilt in 1905, the reconstruction used cement—an innovative construction material at the time. However, this did not withstand the elements well and resulted in damage to the exterior walls.[6] As a result, restoration was undertaken in 1975, with the belfry being completely rebuilt.[2]

Stained glass windows[edit]

The cathedral contains both early 20th century and modern stained glass windows. The former depicts saints from France—St. Marguerite Marie Alacoque, St. Bernadette and Our Lady of Lourdes—as well as the cathedral's namesake in Montmartre, whose architectural style was emulated by the cathedral.[6] The modern windows were given by Charles de Gaulle[7] during his 1967 visit to the overseas territory. These show scenes from the Gospel involving the sea and ships—a symbol of the islands depicted on their unofficial flag—as well as Pope John XXIII convening the Second Vatican Council.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Melton, J. Gordon; Baumann, Martin, eds. (September 21, 2010). Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. ABC-CLIO. p. 2505. ISBN 1598842048. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Landmarks & Monuments". St-pierre-et-miquelon.com. Miquelon Consulting. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Great Fire In St. Pierre, Miquelon; Main Portion of the Town Devastated — Governor's House and Government Buildings Burned". The New York Times. November 3, 1902. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "St. Pierre Incendiary". The Meriden Daily Journal. November 6, 1902. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ Marshall, Bill (2009). "The" French Atlantic: Travels in Culture and History. Liverpool University Press. p. 109. ISBN 1846310512. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Ashenburg, Katherine (June 13, 2004). "A Touch of France on the Side". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ Amerman, Don. "St. Pierre & Miquelon Tourism". USA Today. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]