St. Roch (ship)
St. Roch wintering in the Beaufort Sea, 1948.
|Name:||RCMPV St. Roch|
|Builder:||Burrard Dry Dock Shipyards|
|Launched:||7 May 1928|
|Fate:||Designated a National Historic Site of Canada at the Vancouver Maritime Museum, 1962|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Auxiliary Police Schooner|
|Displacement:||323 long tons (328 t)|
|Length:||104 ft 3 in (31.78 m)|
|Beam:||24 ft 9 in (7.54 m)|
|Draft:||12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)|
|Depth of hold:||11 ft (3.4 m)|
150 hp (112 kW) diesel engine
|Official name||St. Roch National Historic Site of Canada|
RCMPV St. Roch is a Royal Canadian Mounted Police schooner, the first ship to completely circumnavigate North America, and the second sailing vessel to complete a voyage through the Northwest Passage. She was the first ship to complete the Northwest Passage in the direction west to east (Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean), going the same route that Amundsen on the sailing vessel Gjøa went east to west, 38 years earlier.
Liverpool born Sgt. Fred S. Farrar R.C.M.P. (1901-1954) was a crew member of the St. Roch for various voyages including the 1950 voyage that circumnavigated North America, he wrote the book Arctic Assignment: The Story of the St. Roch. which was published posthumously in 1955.
St. Roch was made primarily of thick Douglas-fir, with very hard Australian "ironbark" eucalyptus on the outside, and an interior hull reinforced with heavy beams to withstand ice pressure during her Arctic duties. St. Roch was designed by Tom Hallidie and was based on Roald Amundsen's ship the Maud.
In 1940–1942 she became first vessel to complete a voyage through the Northwest Passage in a west to east direction, and in 1944 became first vessel to make a return trip through the Northwest Passage, through the more northerly route considered the true Northwest Passage, and was also the first to navigate the passage in a single season. Between 1944–1948 she again patrolled Arctic waters. On May 29, 1950 she became first vessel to circumnavigate North America, from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver via the Panama Canal. In all she sailed 3 voyages. Finally in 1954 she returned to Vancouver for preservation. In 1962, St. Roch was designated a National Historic Site of Canada.
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- "Historic Naval Ships Visitors Guide - RCMPV St. Roch". www.hnsa.org. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
- "Henry Larsen and the St. Roch". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
- James P. Delgado (2003). "Arctic workhorse: the RCMP schooner St. Roch". Torchwood Publishing. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
- "Archaeology Reports-PWNHC". www.pwnhc.ca. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
- St. Roch. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- Thompson, John Beswarick. "The more northerly route : a photographic study of the 1944 voyage of the St. Roch through the Northwest Passage" (Ottawa, ON, Canada, Parks Canada. 1974)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Roch (ship, 1928).|
- Haze Gray & Underway Photo Feature: St. Roch
- St. Roch page at Historical Naval Ships Association
- Vancouver Maritime Museum
- RCMP Museum
- 360° Virtual Tour of RCMP's St. Roch