St. Thomas' Church, Mellor

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St. Thomas' Church, Mellor
St. Thomas' Church, Mellor, from the southeast
St. Thomas' Church, Mellor is located in Greater Manchester
St. Thomas' Church, Mellor
St. Thomas' Church, Mellor
Location in Greater Manchester
Coordinates: 53°23′49″N 2°01′43″W / 53.3969°N 2.0287°W / 53.3969; -2.0287
OS grid reference SJ 982 889
Location Mellor, Greater Manchester
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Mellor parish
History
Dedication St Thomas
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 20 December 1967
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic
Specifications
Capacity 200
Materials Stone
Administration
Parish Mellor
Deanery Chadkirk
Archdeaconry Macclesfield
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev Alex Sanders
Laity
Reader(s) Dr Peter Harrison
Director of music Johnathan Lo
Churchwarden(s) Richard Elliott, Rachel Howling
Parish administrator Michael Benford-Miller

St. Thomas' Church, Mellor is at the end of a lane overlooking the village of Mellor, Greater Manchester, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[1] The church contains the oldest wooden pulpit in England and a late 12th-century Norman font. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Chadkirk, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield, and the diocese of Chester.[2]

History[edit]

The first stone building was probably erected in the early 14th century. In 1783 the walls were partly rebuilt and galleries were constructed on the south and east walls. At this time the church could seat 700 people. In 1815 a new entrance and porch were built and the south wall was repaired. In 1827-29 the chancel and the north wall were reconstructed to designs by the antiquarian Thomas Rickman.[3] In 1885 the east gallery was removed. In the first decade of the 20th century the south and west galleries were demolished. In 1960, a death watch beetle was found in the roof and the roof was replaced. The screen was moved from the front of the nave to its present position at the rear creating a new chapel at the west end. A new Mander organ was installed in 1977.[4]

The tower dates from the 15th century, it was built on 12th-century foundations, and the rest of the church dates from its rebuilding in the early 19th century.[1]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in stone. Its plan consists of a west tower, a four-bay nave, a one-bay chancel and a south porch. At the east end is a pointed-arch window. The tower is in three stages and has a west door and window, two-light bell openings above which are clock faces, and a castellated parapet with finials.[1]

Interior[edit]

Two important items of furniture in the church are the 14th-century pulpit and the Norman font. The pulpit is unique in England. Richards states it is the oldest wooden pulpit in England, and possibly in the world. It dates from the time of Edward II. It is octagonal in shape, with two of the sides forming the entrance. Five of the other six panels are carved with tracery.[5] It is carved out of one block of wood.[6] The font dates from the 11th century; it is not certain whether it was constructed before or after the Norman conquest. It is round and plain apart from the bowl which is carved with an incised design of figures and animals. The basin, which is lined with lead.[7] The parish registers begin in 1629.[5]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard are the remains of an Anglo-Saxon cross[8] and a pair of stone shafts of stocks dating probably from the 19th century.[9] Also in the churchyard is the headstone of Thomas Brierley, who died in 1855, carved with Masonic symbols,[6] and the war graves of two soldiers of World War I.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Mellor (1241990)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 September 2011 
  2. ^ St Thomas, Mellor, Church of England, retrieved 23 September 2013 
  3. ^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 3rd ed. (Yale University Press) 1995, s.v. "Thomas Rickman".
  4. ^ Hearle, Ann, A Brief History, Mellor Parish, retrieved 18 December 2007 
  5. ^ a b Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 232–234, OCLC 719918 
  6. ^ a b Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 478, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  7. ^ St Thomas, Mellor, Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture of Great Britain and Ireland, retrieved 13 June 2010 
  8. ^ English Heritage, "Remains of Saxon Cross in Churchyard of Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Mellor (1260261)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 September 2011 
  9. ^ English Heritage, "Stocks in Churchyard of Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Mellor (1241991)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 September 2011 
  10. ^ MELLOR (ST. THOMAS) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 6 February 2013